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Why is English so Hard to Spell? 2.0

The history of English -- classroom version
by

Kate Loden

on 27 October 2014

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Transcript of Why is English so Hard to Spell? 2.0

Anglo-Saxons
The Celts
2000 BC - 50 AD
Why Is English So Hard To Spell?
The Romans
54 AD- 410 AD
2. Who lived here in England from before 2000 BC to 50 AD?
What language did they speak?
Celtish? They didn't write
it down...
1. What three language groups combined to form the basis of Modern English?
3. Who invaded about 50 AD?
4. Rome is falling around 500 AD. Who invades England next?
400-ish AD
From the Sutton Hoo Treasure
The Vikings
800-ish AD
Words?

Very few! No written language.
Place names?
Bredon Hill = Hill Hill Hill
Words?
Very few. They left buildings, baths, walls, and roads, but little of their language. Place name:
Londinium, a Roman army camp.
Missionaries: The Church
600-ish AD
his, hers, I , our, d
augh
ter

ni
gh
t,
k
ni
gh
t, dog, horse

pig, sheep, cow, AND

The 100 most-often used words in English
.
Latin:
Church-related, then many
words used by educated
people.
The law, sciences,
polysyllabic
anything!
5. But where did the Latin in English come from, if not the Romans?
6. Who invades next, to steal Saxon gold and church treasures?
7. Who were the last foreign invaders of England ? in 1066?
The Normans
1066 AD
French
Spanish
Italian
Glitter,
gue
st, heathen, husband
mistak
e
, sl
augh
ter, sl
eu
th, and many more.
To
mb
, la
mb
, contin
ue
,
encounter,purchase,
j
our
ney, government,
s
quirr
el, cavalry,
army, castle
The Roman Empire
How did
it sound
We don't know.
1475 AD
Hint
+
+
=
Four old languages combined to create recognizable spoken English.
But we have unreadable spelling; the pronunciations of ancient languages are frozen into English spelling.
Middle English
Beowulf: Old English
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/england/dorset/8563377.stm
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle
930 AD
700-ish AD
These "Romance Languages" are what Latin became over time
.
Latinate (from Latin)
Spoke French
Built castles.
Look who named it "Britain"!
Full transcript