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1000 - Class 8

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Kelly Blidook

on 18 October 2018

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Transcript of 1000 - Class 8

Balance of Power
Balance of Power
Distribution of power in a system
balance: no state is strong enough to overwhelm the others
Cooperation Under Anarchy
Posc 1000 - Intro to Political Science
photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli
Broad pattern of co-operation within a specific issue-area

May include international organizations

I.e. Nuclear Non-Proliferation Regime
NPT - Non-Proliferation Treaty
Various organizations
But different domestic rules
International Regime
Based on equality of states
“anarchic” (lack of government)
no sovereignty above the state
International system
Placement of symbolic, lightly armed forces between two combatants who have agreed to stop fighting

U.N peacekeeping forces
Body of rules that states observe among themselves
States must enforce themselves, or agree to enforcement
International Law
Process and consequences of increasing ease of movement of goods, services, money, people, and ideas between states.
Commitment by states to act jointly against a state(s) that threatens peace
UN - United Nations
Security Council of UN
NATO - North Atlantic Treaty Organization
Collective Security
Post-WW2 to 1989
(United States and the Soviet Union)
Bipolar System
2 strong states (hegemons) dominate
Cold War
WTO - World Trade Organization

UN - United Nations

OAS - Organization of American States
International Organizations
A formal body, based on a founding charter or statute (treaty) by states

International Organization
System of formal, regularized communication among states
Facilitates relations and business with each other
Legally binding international agreements
May create organizations
Difficult to enforce
Law of the Sea
Traditionally based on customary law

UN Law of the Sea - outlines rights and obligations

Exclusive Economic Zones - preferential rights within 200 mile limits
Climate Change
1972 - UN Environment Programme
1997 - Kyoto Protocol
2015 - Paris Agreement
"tragedy of the commons"

Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs)
Not-for-profit organization, not associated with a government
Full transcript