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1000 - Class 8
Transcript of 1000 - Class 8
Balance of Power
Distribution of power in the international system
balance: no state is strong enough to overwhelm the others
Cooperation Under Anarchy
Posc 1000 - Intro to Political Science
photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli
Broad pattern of co-operation within a specific issue-area
May include international organizations, but may also have other components
I.e. Nuclear Non-Proliferation Regime
NPT - Non-Proliferation Treaty
Different states have different domestic rules
Based on equality of states
“anarchic” (order without government)
lack sovereignty at level higher than the state
Placement of symbolic, lightly armed forces between two combatants who have agreed to stop fighting
U.N peacekeeping forces
Body of rules that states observe among themselves
States must enforce themselves, or agree to forms of enforcement
Process and consequences of increasing ease of movement of goods, services, money, people, and ideas between states.
Commitment by states to act jointly against a state(s) that threatens peace
UN - United Nations
Security Council of UN
NATO - North Atlantic Treaty Organization
Post-WW2 to 1989
(United States and the Soviet Union)
2 strong states (hegemons) dominate
WTO - World Trade Organization
UN - United Nations
OAS - Organization of American States
A formal body, usually based on a founding charter or statute (treaty) signed by member states
May act within specific issue-areas in accordance with the grant of authority, using means provided in its charter
System of formal, regularized communication among states that helps to facilitate conducting relations and business with each other
Legally binding international agreements
May create organizations
Difficult to enforce
Law of the Sea
Traditionally based on customary law
UN Law of the Sea - outlines rights and obligations
Exclusive Economic Zones - preferential rights within 200 mile limits
1972 - UN Environment Programme
1997 - Kyoto Protocol
"tragedy of the commons"
Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs)
Not-for-profit organization, not associated with a government