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5 Fundamental Concepts of Society and Culture
Transcript of 5 Fundamental Concepts of Society and Culture
Every person is a unique individual who develops in a social and environmental setting in which he or she is influenced by, and interacts with, other persons and groups.
Communication, the sharing of values and beliefs, and cooperation are major interactions.
The identity achieved by each individual is the result of interactions at the micro, meso and macro levels of society.
Culture refers to the shared knowledge, attitudes and behaviours that give each society its coherence, identity and distinctive way of life.
Culture is demonstrated by the beliefs, customs, values, norms, rules, laws, governance, arts, technologies and artefacts that people generate and use as they interpret meaning from their world and solve present and future problems.
Culture is dynamic and undergoes change, and is therefore not static.
Every society is located in a particular physical setting and interacts with its environment.
The attitudes and values that people have in regard to their environment greatly affect interactions between persons, society, culture and the environment.
Unique culture is generated from the interactions with the immediate environment.
Different locations and their environments – including urban, rural, coastal, inland and isolated – present societies and their cultures with both opportunities and constraints.
Every person, society, culture and environment is located in a period of time and is changing with time.
Time can be examined as past, present and future. Our perceptions of time are drawn from past events and these influence our ideas about the present. These perceptions need not, however, determine possible ideas of a future.
The concept of time is best studied in context – last century, this century, and pre- and post-events – or as a particular decade.
Time is studied in relation to continuity and change.
Society is made up of people, groups, networks, institutions, organisations and systems.
These aspects of society may include local, national, regional and international patterns of relationships and organisation.
People belong to informal and formal groups, and within and between these groups there are patterns of interactions that contribute to unique cultures.