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Transcript of Peanut Allergy
Eating peanuts - sometimes direct skin contact can cause reaction Cross-Contact:
Exposure to peanuts in food processing/on utensils Inhalation:
Inhale dusts containing peanuts - peanut flour, cooking spray, etc. Symptoms can appear minutes to hours after exposure Causes Desensitization:
Giving increasing doses of peanut extract/flour to build immunity Have quick access to and epinephrine auto-injector (Epipen) Avoid peanuts, learn to relieve minor symptoms, know how to spot and what do to during a reaction Treatments Severe allergic reaction to peanuts Symptoms are constricted airways, swelled throat, dizziness, drop in blood pressure, rapid pulse Describe symptoms to your doctor: the reaction, how long it took, amount of peanuts you had Physical exam: rules out any other problems that could be causing reaction Food diary: record all foods you eat - helps doctor pinpoint what is causing a reaction Elimination diet: remove any foods that could be causing the reaction from your diet, then add them back one by one Skin prick: small amount of suspected food placed on arm, arm pricked with needle and as food enters the wound, doctor watches for reaction Blood test: are not always accurate Oral food allergy challenge: eat a variety of foods suspected of causing reaction while doctors monitor - best way to diagnose allergies Allergy vs. Intolerance
Intolerant patients may be able to eat a small amount of peanuts with only mild symptoms such as heartburn/indigestion or no reaction
For allergic patients, even eating a small amount can cause a serious reaction Children introduced to peanuts too early Increase in use of soy in formula Use of roasted peanuts in food instead of raw or boiled peanuts - heating changes protein the body is most likely to have a reaction to Increase in antibiotics, vaccinations, pesticides and high processed foods lowers immune function Usually lifelong, but 20% of children will outgrow their allergy Younger siblings of children are at risk 25 - 40% of people allergic to peanuts are also allergic to tree nuts Past allergy to peanuts - may outgrow allergy, but it can come back Having other allergies makes it more common to get another Having family members with allergies can make it more common to get one Involve caregivers: teach them to recognize a reaction and how to handle it Use a written plan: include medications, steps to deal with a reaction and contact information Discourage child from sharing food: could contain peanuts or peanut products Always have an EpiPen available in case of reaction Have child wear medical alert necklace/bracelet