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Macbeth: Biblical and Mythological Allusions

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Suraj Sharma

on 9 July 2014

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Transcript of Macbeth: Biblical and Mythological Allusions

Golgotha: make this scene of bloodshed as memorable as the scene of Christ's crucifixion
Act 1, Scene 2: Lines 39-42
Act 1
Act 3
Act 3, Scene 5: Lines 15-16
Hecate: "And at the pit of Acheron
Meet me i'th'morning."
Act 4
Act 2
Act 2, Scene 1, Line 55
"...Alarum'd by this sentinel, the wolf,
Whose howl's his watch, thus with his stealthy pace,
With Tarquin's ravishing strides, towards his design
Moves like a ghost."

Macbeth: Biblical and Mythological Allusions
By Suraj Sharma and Alecia Wilkins
Captain: "Except they meant to bathe in reeking wounds
Or memorize another Golgotha
I cannot tell
But I am faint, my gashes cry for help"
This quote compares the battlefield to the crucifixion of Christ
In a way, it almost depicts Macbeth as Jesus, as he was so important to this battle
According to Greek mythology, acheron is one of Hades' rivers in the underworld
Hecate (also a name for the Greek goddess of magic) is telling the witch to meet her over there
This reinforces the aspect of witches and witchcraft, as they supposedly have access to inhuman worlds
Act 5
Act 5, Scene 8: Lines 1-2
Macbeth: "Why should I play the Roman fool and die?
On mine own sword? Whiles I see lives, the gashes"
Macbeth is talking about the "Roman Honour" which demanded suicide instead of surrender
Macbeth would rather kill himself than surrender
This line is comparing the Roman Tarquin, who came in the night to rape his friend's virtuous wife to murder. Saying "ravishing strides" is referring to Tarquin on his way to his rape.
This is foreshadowing future events in the play and also reinforces the dark mood in this scene.

Act 4, Scene 3, Lines 22-24
"...Angels are bright still, though the brightest fell.
Though all things foul would wear the brows of grace,
Yet grace must still look so."

This line talks about how there are still bright angels even though the brightest of them all, meaning Lucifer, have fallen from God's grace.
This illustrates the theme of the play that not everything is quite what it seems to be.
There are many Biblical and Mythological Allusions in the play Macbeth
These allusions are important to the play because they set a certain undertone and help to create the theme
They're a central part in the theme and keeping the story in line
The Biblical and Mythological Allusions which are all found in the play Macbeth help to create the storyline itself
They bring a world of experience outside the limitations of the reader
This alone makes these allusions extremely important to the play
Being that they would almost be able to create another story within themselves.
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