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Causes of the American Revolution
Transcript of Causes of the American Revolution
Proclamation of 1763
This document said the colonists couldn’t move or live west of the Appalachian Mountains. The King did this to help relations between Britain and the Native American tribes who lived in the area (could not afford another war).
Many colonist were upset because they fought in the war and hoped to gain new land. Many ignored the Proclamation and settled to the new land anyway.
The Stamp Act 1765
The Boston Tea Party 1773
The French & Indian War
Boston Tea Party
In 1773, The Boston Tea Party took place in Massachusetts as a protest of the Tea Act (another tax). Colonists, dressed up like Indians, dumped over 340 chests of British tea into Boston harbor to protest the tea act. In response to the destruction of the tea, the British issued the
The Intolerable Acts
The 4 acts were designed to punish the colonists. They were:
Britain closed Boston Harbor until citizens paid for dumped tea.
Colonists could not have meetings unless the British Governor agreed
Any British official who committed crimes in the colonies had their trial in Britain
Quartering Act- colonists had to house and care for British soldiers (colonists had to pay for it)
The colonist reaction was intense and unified many colonial leaders. 12 colonies sent representatives to the First Continental Congress where the members agreed to support a colonial boycott of British goods and pledged military support to Massachusetts if they were attacked by England.
Georgia’s response was minimal due to the colony's loyalty and dependency to Britain, however, those loyal to the patriot cause began to gather strength in Georgia.
*GA did not send a representative to the First Continental Congress, but did to the Second.
England wanted colonists to help pay for the cost of the war so the King made new taxes.
Before then the Colonial Assemblies for each state collected their own taxes. American Colonists were upset about this new “taxation without representation” because they had no one representing them in the British Parliament.
The Stamp Act
The Stamp Act taxed items that were commonly used, including newspapers, licenses, even playing cards and legal documents. Some people reacted by attacking the homes of British officials, and tarring and feathering tax collectors. Some joined a group called the “Sons of Liberty”. The British Parliament eventually repealed the Stamp Act.
Due to Georgia’s small population, Royal Governor James Wright, and economic dependence on Great Britain, its response to the Stamp Act was not as violent as in other colonies. However, some Georgians who were upset formed a group affiliated with the Sons of Liberty called the “Liberty Boys”.
America's first political cartoon
The French and Indians teamed up against the British and the American Colonies (including Georgia) for control of the fur area of the Ohio River Valley. After the British won the war, England obtained the land west of the Appalachian Mts. to the Mississippi River (see map).
*Georgia’s borders expanded to the south (St. Mary's River) and west (Mississippi River).
The war had cost England a great amount of money, so the King issued the Proclamation of 1763, and then a series of taxes on the colonist to help pay for the war debt. This led to colonial discontent and conflict between England and its colonies. http://tinyurl.com/hjjyvtn
The Declaration of Independence --On July 4, 1776 the Second Continental Congress officially declared the colonies’ independence from Great Britain.
3 parts of the Declaration
1st- the Preamble, explains the natural rights of all people-
2nd- a list of complaints (grievances) of what the colonists felt was unfair treatment from the King
3rd- the actual “declaration of independence” where the colonists officially say they are not part of Britain anymore.
*If Britain won the war, the men who signed the Declaration would have been executed as traitors to their country.
Boston Massacre 1770
After the Stamp Act was
repealed, the King imposed new taxes called the Townshend Acts (tax on common items like paper, glass, and color for paints like indigo).
These new taxes made colonist even angrier and led to the Boston Massacre.
Originally created by Benjamin Franklin in 1754 to inspire the colonists to fight the French and Indians during the French-Indian War.
It became a rallying cry for Patriots before the Revolution in the 1770's.
Notice Georgia's omission from the cartoon.