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Transcript of Reality Therapy
Board certified in 1957 in psychiatry.
Original background in Psychoanalysis
Rejected the Freudian model
The clients were the victims of a 'harsh world', and did not take responsibility.
Focused on success identity instead of failure identity in school settings
Corey 2013, Glasser & Wubbolding
Based on the 5 basic needs:
Love & Belonging
Seven Deadly Habits
Axioms of Choice Theory
Bribing or rewarding to control
Explanation of Behavior
File of wants
What our ideal world would look like
What we do to achieve Quality World
Acting, thinking, feeling, and physiology
"Glasser says that to speak of being depressed, having a headache, being angry, or being anxious implies passivity and lack of personal responsibility, and it is inaccurate."
Choice Theory In The Classroom
Significant impact on instruction between the teacher and the class
Doing what the teacher asks will add quality to their lives
Develop positive relationships and aid students in achieving success
Clients are responsible for what they do
Transference is viewed negatively
Live in the here and now
“The more time we spend looking back, the more we avoid looking forward”
There is always hope
Client perceives therapist as knowledgeable (Freudian hint there?)
Actions are key
Confrontation is used, but you have to use the right kind of questions for reflection; never criticize or judge
Emphasizes how questions are key, too many questions can be debilitating, but questions are of most important
Teach self-evaluation for autonomy
Therapists strive to be themselves
Reconnection with people in quality world
Learn better ways of fulfilling needs
Do not focus on symptoms
Reality Therapy Research
Nanny McPhee and the Magic of Reality Therapy
Cook found that the movie Nanny McPhee exemplified using reality therapy with children.
Nanny McPhee requires 5 lessons to be learned
Similar to the 5 basic needs of reality therapy
The familial situation is not cohesive and as the children learn the lessons, the family comes together
Nanny McPhee emphasizes that she cannot do anything, that it is the choices and behaviors of the children that make things happen.
what the client wants (for themselves, from counselor, friends/families/peers, etc.)
Formed on their perceptions, which can give them control
Relevant questions gain insight
what are you doing?
“It is easier to change what we are doing and thinking than to change our feelings”
Problems rooted in past, clients need to recognize new ways to approach old problems
Identify specific ways to fulfill wants and needs
Helps client’s accept consequence of their choices and how it will influence others
Planning is key!
Client examines directions, wants, actions, and plans
Focus on what the current behavior (problem) is bringing up for the client
Therapists can be directive with some clients
Reality Therapy and Internet Addiction
Study conducted for internet addiction in Korea with Korean university students.
Study found that a significant amount of university students are prone to internet addiction
Study conducted group counseling sessions with reality therapy techniques to lessen internet addiction and raise self-esteem
Study found the experimental group (R/T) lessened internet addiction.
Case Study: Louis
How does the counselor use reality therapy in this example?
How does this help the client?
Is there anything you would do differently?
Glasser & Wubbolding
Apeland, K. [Kerry Apeland]. (2011, October 26). Reality Therapy Rap [Video file]. Retrieved from
Cook, K. (Fal 2009). The movie nanny McPhee and the magic of reality therapy. International Journal of Reality Therapy, 29(1), 60-62.
Corey, G. (2013). Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy (9th ed). Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole Publishing Cengage Learning. ISBN 13: 978-0-8400-2854-9.
George, J. (2013). Choice Theory Tool Box. In The Anglo-American School of Moscow. Retrieved October 24, 2013, from https://www.aas.ru/document.doc?id=25.
Glasser, William, Wubbolding, Robert E.. (n.d.). Reality Therapy. In Cengage. Retrieved October 24, 2013, from http://www.cengage.com/resource_uploads/downloads/0495097144_81298.pdf
Kim, J. (Spr 2008). The effect of a R/T group counseling program on the internet addiction level and self-esteem of internet addiction university students. Internation.
al Journal of Reality Therapy, 27(2), 4-12.
Sullo, B. (2013). Choice Theory. Retrieved October 25, 2013, from http://www.funderstanding.com/educators/choice-theory/
The Seven Caring Habits
Confrontation is used as a technique
Ask questions that provoke self-evaulation
"Is what you are choosing to do bringing you closer to the people you want to be closer to right now"
"Is what you are doing getting you closer to a new person if you are presently disconnected from everyone?"
Circumstances beyond control
Only focuses on consciousness
Can easily impose counselor's values onto client
Therapist takes expert role