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Transcript of Social Change
design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi
Traci Campbell, Chloe Curry,
Logan Grundy, Kate Rogers
Functionalists emphasize social stability and continuity within a society
Equilibrium describes society's tendency to react to changes by making small adjustments to keep itself in a state of functioning and balance
For example, continuity in the nature of the presidency despite scandals in the Nixon and Clinton administrations
Symbolic interactionism explains how symbols provide similar meanings between those in a group. The tattoos on Four's body represent how he wants to have all the characteristics of the factions, just like the divergent group. The small population of the Divergent clique is able to understand that the marks on Four's body show how he feels about the factions, while the society as a whole can not. Urbanism causes this lack of connection between the greater population and therefore makes interaction more impersonal between all the small clans.
Commonly shared symbols are the basis for social change and the way we react to certain societal problems
Urbanism, or the way of life shared by people in the city, causes social interaction to be impersonal
Although, small groups within a society, like neighbors, are able to share meaning on which they interact
When comparing a large town to a small city, the greater population causes less interaction due to a decrease in the number of shared meanings
Throughout history, many societal changes occurred. When looking at the conflict theory, which describes change as a result of struggles among groups, all great events were a effect of this perspective.
After splitting up into four groups, pay close attention to the picture handed to you and discuss the answers to these questions with each other:
1. How does the picture represent the conflict perspective?
2. Do you think the people in the photo produced a dramatic change?
Demo: Human Rights
Occurs when many members of a society adopt new behaviors that have long-term and important consequences
Social Change is the result of struggles among groups for scarce resources
As the conflicts are solved, social change occurs
The enactment of the Civil Rights laws in the 1960's show the struggle for racial equality
Social change occurs through three processes: discovery, invention, and diffusion
Types of social movements include revolutionary, reformative, alternative, and redemptive movements
Collective behavior is the spontaneous behavior of a group of people responding to similar stimuli
Different kinds of crowds such as casual, conventional, expressive, and acting are formed from the presence of common interests.
Main Ideas Continued
Mass hysteria is the collective anxiety created by the acceptance of one or more false beliefs.
Panic is the reaction a real threat in fearful or self damaging ways.
Rumors, fads, fashions, and urban legends are all collective behaviors that are present even when people are physically separated
In instances such as mobs and riots, crowds comply to the convergence theory. This theory states that crowds are formed by people who deliberately congregate with like-minded others
Full House: Aftershocks
In this episode of Full House, an earthquake shakes up the whole family, but makes its biggest mark on little Stephanie Tanner. When Stephanie's father doesn't arrive home after the major quake, she becomes terrified that something may have happened to him. Now Stephanie becomes a clingy daddy's girl that won't let her father leave her sight for even a minute. It is when Stephanie finally visits a psychiatrist that she is able to figure out a solution to her hysteria.
Can you try and find the functionalist perspective in this clip?
Full House: Aftershocks Continued
In the movie Divergent, a futuristic city is displayed where the society is divided up into different factions based on virtue. The main character, Tris is a part of the divergent group but is unfamiliar with its members. In this scene of the movie, Four shows Tris his tattoos which are representative of how he wants to be placed in the society.
How does this clip explain the theory of symbolic interactionism?
In this clip we are able to identify the functionalist perspective between Stephanie and her father. Despite Stephanie's fear of losing a family member, she is still able to conquer her emotions with the help of the psychiatrist. She makes small adjustments to her attitude in order to help the connection between Stephanie's family stable. Her hysteria, although a major problem between father and daughter, doesn't change the overall bond they have together and provides evidence for a continuous relationship.
The conflict perspective is shown in this photo by representing the Americans and British. American people dumped the British tea into the harbor to protest unreasonable taxes and therefore caused a dramatic change to occur within the government.
The movement of slaves into the newly freed state caused commotion to occur since many slave owners were against the immigration. Although, Ohio was finally permitted as a "free" state, many of its citizens were still pro-slavery. This photo represents the slaves' struggle to adjust in harsh conditions. Even though this small clan of people didn't promote major alterations to their lifestyle, their determination was a step forward for social change.
This woman chained to the fence outside of the White House is the epitome of social change. She represents all of the women during this time period fighting for their right to vote. The conflict theory is surely present here since all women are fighting for significant adjustments to the law. This single woman may have created a huge change, but she must have sparked a movement for all women.
The lunch-counter sit ins during the Civil Rights struggle promoted great controversy. The blacks in the photo are requesting equal service at a diner, but in a greater sense, equal rights everywhere. This sit in did mark a major point during the Civil Rights movement and influenced more African Americans to fight for their unalienable rights.