Transcript of gaudium et spes
GAUDIUM ET SPES Church in the Modern World members: Shenandoah M. Tejada Bernadette Logan Dondie Bernardino Jenalyn Mendoza Introduction Gaudium et Spes (Latin: "Joy and Hope"), the Pastoral Constitution on the Church in the Modern World, was one of the four Apostolic Constitutions resulting from the Second Vatican Council. The document is an overview of the Catholic Church's teachings about man's relationship to society, especially in reference to economics, poverty, social justice, culture, science & technology, and ecumenism. The joys and the hopes, the griefs and the anxieties of the people of this age, especially those who are poor or in any way afflicted, these are the joys and hopes, the griefs and anxieties of the followers of Christ. (#1) it was promulgated by Pope Paul VI on December 7, 1965 The son of a middle-class lawyer who was also a journalist and local political figure and of a mother belonging to the same social background, Montini was in his early years educated mainly at home because of frail health. Later he studied in Brescia. Ordained priest on May 29, 1920, he was sent by his bishop to Rome for higher studies and was eventually recruited for the Vatican diplomatic service. His first assignment, in May 1923, was to the staff of the apostolic nunciature (papal ambassador's post) in Warsaw, but persistent ill health brought him back to Rome before the end of that same year. He then pursued special studies at the Ecclesiastical Academy, the training school for future Vatican diplomats, and at the same time resumed work at the Vatican Secretariat of State, where he remained in posts of increasing importance for more than 30 years. In 1939 Montini was appointed papal undersecretary of state and later, in 1944, acting secretary for ordinary (or nondiplomatic) affairs. He declined an invitation to be elevated to the Sacred College of Cardinals in 1953. In the beginning of November 1954, Pope Pius XII appointed him archbishop of Milan, and Pope John XXIII named him cardinal in 1958. He was elected pope on June 21, 1963, choosing to be known as Paul VI. In his first message to the world, he committed himself to a continuation of the work begun by John XXIII. Throughout his pontificate the tension between papal primacy and the collegiality of the episcopacy was a source of conflict. On September 14, 1965 he announced the establishment of the Synod of Bishops called for by the Council fathers, but some issues that seemed suitable for discussion by the synod were reserved to himself. Celibacy, removed from the debate of the fourth session of the Council, was made the subject of an encyclical, June 24, 1967); the regulation of birth was treated in Humanae vitae July 24, 1968), his last encyclical. The controversies over these two pronouncements tended to overshadow the last years of his pontificate. Our situation today... The Church and Human Vocation human dignity We are all created in the image and likeness of God with... intelligence freedom conscience The voice of conscience calls each person to love good and avoid evil. Human dignity depends on his freedom to obey one's conscience. (#16) human community deep personal relationships and fellowship can only come about if there is mutual to each other's spiritual dignity. (# 23) Every human person must be respected and loved. and to show our respect to others, we must treat everyone as our brothers and sisters, for we are a social being an we are a part of a community. human beings at work in the world All human activity and work is part of God's plan and will. People do God's will when they govern the world with peace and justice. ( #40) man works to glorify God and to develop oneself. Sacred Scripture teaches the human family what the experience of the ages confirms: that while human progress is a great advantage to man, it brings with it a strong temptation. For when the order of values is jumbled and bad is mixed with the good, individuals and groups pay heed solely to their own interests, and not to those of others. Thus it happens that the world ceases to be a place of true brotherhood. In our own day, the magnified power of humanity threatens to destroy the race itself. (#37) the role of the Church in the modern world 1. The Church offers help to individual persons. 2. Offers help to society. 3. Offers help to human activity. 5. The Church is the visible sign of Christ in the World. Some Major Concerns Marriage and the family families are the foundation of the society. It must be supported and cared for. Married life ubites husband and wife Full transcript
in a very close and intimate partnership.
True married love is holy love. (#48-49) Familes of today are threatened by different
things such as divorce, artificial birth controls, polygamy, abortion, etc. Principle of regulating births according to circumstances is OK; not all means are moral – especially abortion and infanticide.
Procreation is not the only purpose of marital love.
No pressure should ever be put on anyone to marry.
The development of culture The human person can come to total human
development only through culture, i.e. by cultivating
the goods and values of nature. (#53) culture must evolve so as to help the development
of the whole human person.(#56) Faith and Reason each have value.
Protect Culture – but Gospel is highest guide.
Gifted men and women should be helped to realise their potential, even if they lack the means.
Theologians: make the church’s teaching more intelligible to each culture and incorporate new scientific findings.
Role for professional lay theologians.
New art forms welcome in liturgy.
Society is more urban, interdependent, and the State is more involved.
Capitalist and communist economics can both dominate people’s values.
The gap between rich and poor widens – this affects individuals and nations.
Fair treatment for economic migrants, who are people!
Technical training where industrial methods remove manual jobs.
Protection for the ill and the elderly.
Human labour – dignity not commodity.
Labourers must be enabled to have time for rest, family, culture, education, leisure and religion.
Worker’s needs must be represented to the management, e.g. by unions; the right to strike is acknowledged.
The earth’s resources are to be shared by everyone – each person has a right to their basic necessities.
Investing or exercising public office must be guided by moral values.
The right to private property is an aspect of human freedom.
Political Life Christians must realiaze that
they have a special responsibility to their country and to their
government. (#75) Rulers guided by morality and the common good.
State: only necessary powers, nor should citizens expect the state to act in their self-interest.
Christians can and should get involved in politics.
A clear distinction between activities of Church, and those of Christians taking civic duties guided by a Christian conscience.
#76 The respective roles of the Church and the State.
Peace True peace requires justice.
Non-violent activism is praiseworthy.
peace is more than the absence of war.
Real peace is based on love, harmony, trust and justice. (#78) Weapons of mass destruction are never legitimate.
Peacemaking initiatives are essential.
An international body to settle disputes and keep peace is essential.
Whew!!! the end! thank you and God Bless!!!