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The Monster Study
Transcript of The Monster Study
Study Test Subjects
Orphans Imagine an experiment that uses orphans to study stuttering. The children are divided into 2 groups, with one group receiving positive therapy by means of encouragement and praise, the other group being told they were stutterers and depreciated for stuttering. Experimenter
Wendell Johnson Research Question
Do children stutter innately, or can we make them into stutterers? The Monster Study showed how negative reinforcement can help in some situations but if used in excess, negative reinforcement can have irreversible consequences. When news of this experiment finally
hit the public, people were very upset especially about the use of orphan
children. the true nature of this
experiment was not disclosed to the
orphans and the teachers involved. There were some positive aspects that came from this experiment. some of the orphans did improve their speech and this experiment showed how children who stutter have a better chance of improving their speech through positive reinforcement. There are many negative aspects that
came out of this experiment. Many of
the students who did not have a stutter
to begin with came to have one after
being placed in the negative
reinforcement group. Many children involved in the experiment on the negative
reinforcement side suffered many
negative consequences because of the experiment. Society no longer allows children to participate experiments that can harm them in any way. Many of the psychology and sociology
codes of ethics were violated. Integrity, respect for people rights, and dignity and diversity are all sociology codes of ethics
that were violated. The psychology codes
of ethics that were violated were beneficence and non maleficence,
fidelity and responsibility,
integrity, justice and and respect for
peoples rights and dignity. Many of the codes of ethics that were violated had to do with trust and not taking the long term consequences into effect. Dr.Johnson realized his experiment was having a negative effect on many of the children but nothing was done to help the children involved. This experiment helped us to show
that negative reinforcement in excess is
not a good option when dealing with children who stutter. It has many long term effects (some children stopped talking, not good with interacting with others,
depression etc) This experiment harmed many people who are still being affected
by this experiment till this day. http://www.cbsnews.com/2100-204_162-566882.html News Article Positive and negative reinforcement is
still an important topic in our news today. Discipline has changed in big ways from
the past and this experiment as well as disciplining children through physical
ways (spanking) can be
seen as child abuse. Positive vs negative reinforcement in Parenting http://www.fox47news.com/multimedia/videos/?bctid=1789373975001 With your table groups turn and discuss whether you believe the monster study was worth the consequences and whether you believe it has changed the way children are disciplined today. This unethical experiment could have been dealt with in a much better manner. Dr. Johnson did not go into this experiment wanting to harm children. once he realized what the experiment was doing to the children he did stop the experiment and he tried to reverse some of the treatment, but it was to late. the damage was done and nothing was done to help the children who were harmed. this experiment was definitely unethical, but it taught people about negative and positive reinforcement and the effect it has on children who stutter. Conclusion Tudor would work with two groups of children: one of stutterers, and another of normal speakers. Half the children from each group would be assigned to an experimental group, the other half to a control group. The Method Behind the Madness Children in the control groups would be labeled normal speakers and receive positive therapy. Then she would warn them they were showing signs of stuttering. She would steadily sensitize them to their speech, stopping and lecturing them whenever they repeated a word Mary Tudor worked with Dr.Johnson and was the main person who studied the children and the effects the experiment had on them.Children in the experimental groups would be labeled stutterers and given negative therapy.First she would make sure the children in the experimental groups knew what stuttering was... Stuttering means to
talk with continued involuntary repetition of sounds. A letter Tudor received: “You destroyed my life,'' the letter said: ``I could have been a scientist, archaeologist or even president. In stead I became a pitiful stutterer. The kids made fun of me, my grades fell off, and I felt stupid. Clear into my adulthood, I still want to avoid people to this day.'' Mary Tudor, is quoted saying: "the pitiful part was... That I got them to trust me, and then I did this horrible thing to them."