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Transcript of Puritan Government
The Puritan military was largely based on an organization called the "New England confederation". Which was created to assist in the defense of all the New England colonies except Rhode Island, because they were not Puritan. The Confederation's ruling body were the commissioners, each colony had two.
After the Pequot and Powhatan wars the Puritans saw it necessary to create better ways to defend themselves. The Puritans created armed militias to combat the the Native Americans and other major European powers. Some of the great achievement of the New England Confederation were the victories against the Natives, a treaty with the Dutch in New Holland, and the assisting of the English in the 7 years war.
What was the Puritan judicial system like?
The Puritan Judicial system was highly based on the church, like their society. All of their laws in the beginning; in the Mayflower compact, were based on the laws of the church before any form of government existed. After the Puritan government was established, the laws and outcome of trials were highly ruled by Christianity, however, as shown in witchcraft trials, some were not very Christ-like.
Their methods of judging were intended to be different from England's corrupt system, so everyone had an opinion, the jurors argued a ton in court, and there were no lawyers if the settlers would have had their way.
Who Were Important Puritan Leaders and Their Contributions?
Anne Marbury Hutchinson was a very influential leader of the Puritan society. She expressed her views on religion and was very well known. She was convicted of heresy and put to death.
John Winthrop was a very important Puritan governor. He led about a thousand English settlers to Massachusetts Bay Colony and actually help found the city of Boston. He was a strong believer of the Puritan's religious practices and was a strong supporter of Anne Hutchinson's death.
What was the organization of the Puritan military, and what conflicts did they participate in?
How much of a say did the Puritan people have in their government?
During the time of the Puritans, the government and religion were very much so intertwined. Religion had a very large influence in the massachusetts bay colony and John Winthrop, the colony’s first governor, believed much more in religious influence rather than democracy even having no faith in democracy and believed that representative should govern for life. The people, however wanted a representative democracy and the elders felt the same so therefore, John’s visions were never fulfilled. The established representative government had people rushing into the massachusetts bay colony and eventually, the general court that was established had become so large that it had to divide into 2 parts; the house of representatives and the governor’s council. The people of the Puritan society actually did have a say so in their government, an example being the refusal of John Winthrop’s ideas for the people’s government.
Religion was a big part of Puritan society and government. If one person was not apart of the church or even in the slightest religious, then the person could be either thrown into the wilderness or even be executed. Only people of the church could even vote on an election or be considered a part of a social society. Even the government it self shunned all that was not a part of the church. Calvinism has been a great deal in this time period as well because of the split between the two types of people, the highbrow and the lowbrow. Which is basically today's upper class and lower class citizens. The government would eventually turn towards the other people who'd have numbers enough to make a sort of movement. People like William Penn and Roger Williams changed the type of society and started a new form of government as well as religious tolerance.
How did religion effect the government in Puritan society?