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Transcript of Costa Rica
History- The first European explorer to explore Costa Rica was Christopher Columbus. It was September 18, 1502, and Columbus was making his fourth and final trip to the New World.
· Indigenous groups- The east coast was the realm of the Caribs, while the Borucas, Chibchas, and Diquis resided in the southwest.
· Famous explorers- Christopher Columbus
· Languages spoken besides Spanish- Maleku, Cabecar, Bribri, Guaymi, Bocota.
· Coasts, mountains, deserts, valleys, etc. -Tropical Lowlands (Pacific and Caribbean Coasts), the North Central Plains, the Central Valley and the Northwest Peninsula.
Population- 4.805 million (2012)
Major exports: Electronic integrated circuits (25%), Parts and accessories for office machines (21%), Bananas and plantains (7%), Dates, figs, pineapples, avocados, guavas and mangoes (6%), Medical, surgical, dental or vet instruments (5%)
Major imports: Electronic integrated circuits (12%), Petroleum oils, refined (11%), Electronic printed circuits (4%),
· Agriculture: Costa Rica's has warm temperatures and fertile soils are good for agricultural production. There is plenty of water. And yearly rainfall is about 4 meters. Almost 10 percent of the country's land is used for agriculture.
· Tourism: Poás Volcano Crater is one of the country's main tourist attractions. 46% of international tourists visiting the country in 2009 came to do activities that include trekking, flora, fauna, and bird watching, and visits to rural communities. However, most visitors look for adventure activities.
Monetary system: The actual Costa Rican monetary system has 6 coins of 5, 10, 25, 50, 100 and 500 Colones. They all have the same design.
Customs and Traditions
Religions: More than the 90% of the Costa Ricans are catholic, religion is a free choice in Costa Rica. 14% percent are Evangelical Protestants, 11% percent say that they do not have a religion, and 4% percent say that they belong to another religion.
· Major national holidays: Easter: Holy Week, Semana Santa. Dates vary annually but businesses will often close for the entire week preceding Easter weekend. September 15th: Independence Day, with big patriotic parades celebrates Costa Rica’s independence from Spain in 1821. December 25th: Christmas Day. Family-oriented celebrations with trips to the beach. Much consumption of apples and grapes.
Typical foods: Casado: Casado, or Comida Tipica, is the most common dish in Costa Rica. It consists of beans, rice with finely diced red bell peppers and onions, fried plantains, a cabbage salad with tomato and carrot, and a choice of meat between chicken, fish, pork, or steak with grilled onions.
Ceviche: Ceviche consists of fresh raw fish marinated in citrus juices such as lime with finely diced herbs and veggies.
Gallo Pinto: Gallo Pinto is the typical breakfast in Costa Rica. It consists of rice and beans mixed together, fried or scrambled eggs, chopped beef, fried plantains, and tortillas.