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Copy of Argumentation: Claim, Data, Warrant
Transcript of Copy of Argumentation: Claim, Data, Warrant
How are claim, data, and warrant manipulated in propaganda?
So don't forget.....
Data - Evidence
Warrant/Reasoning - what else has to be true? Rules?
Who was Toulmin?
1922 - 2009
to structure an argument:)
*states your position on the issue you have chosen to write about
* the evidence which you cite to support your claim.
* Like a lawyer presenting evidence to a jury, you must support your claim with facts; an unsupported claim is merely an assertion.
* interprets the data and shows how it supports your claim.
* The warrant, in other words, explains why the data proves the claim.
*In trials, lawyers for opposing sides often agree on the data but hotly dispute the warrants.
To have a strong argument, you must have:
Indoctrination of Youth
What is the Claim, Data, and Warrant of one of the posters?
What do the colors represent? Why might they choose those colors? Those people? Those objects?
How does this piece of propaganda relate to what you have read? - Answer in CDW format.
Write your "Crummy First Draft" and bring it to class Friday
For Extra credit: Submit your Draft by 12pm tomorrow night (Email it to firstname.lastname@example.org)
Claim: You should drink milk
Data: Taylor Swift Drinks it; it has B vitamins and protein.
Warrant: On the road you need energy; that energy can come from B vitamins and protein.
The Parts of an essay
Intro: Why is this topic important? Which side are you arguing?
Body: Issue 1- Paragraph, Issue 2 - Paragraph, Issue 3 - Paragraph
- Does each paragraph prove your thesis? Did you address counterclaims? Did you use 3 sources? Do you have a Claim, Data, and Warrant in every body paragraph?
Conclusion: Your analysis of the evidence.
"What else must be true for this proposition to hold?"
A good warrant/reasoning will be a reasonable interpretation of facts.
A good warrant/reasoning will not make illogical interpretive leaps.
A good warrant/reasoning will not assume more than the evidence supports.
A good warrant/reasoning may consider and respond to possible counter-arguments.
Failure, Writing's constant companion:
Find an ad (school appropriate, please) and identify the claim, data, and warrant for that advertisement.
Then write a half page response to the ad (or to the article from last class) refuting the claims made in the ad or article.
Be sure to accurately acknowledge the claims and to counter or refute those claims made using reasoning and evidence.
This will be scored on the rubric in Schoology. It is due today.