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5.1.2 Burn Unit
Transcript of 5.1.2 Burn Unit
Period 2 First degree burns are the least serious burns of the four in which only the outer layer of skin is burn, not any deeper. A third degree burn is very serious and can cause lots of damage. This is when the burn goes through the epidermis, dermis, and into the subcutaneous layer. 4th Degree Burn Symptoms of a first degree burn are:
Slight Pain First degree burns don't require much treatment.
A skin care product such as aloe vera cream can be applied to the area. Pain medications such as Tylenol can be taken to lessen pain. Unless the burn covers a large area of a sensitive area such as the hands, feet, face, or buttocks you will not need medical attention. Treatment for a third degree burn includes:
Cleaning and removing dead skin from the wound
Ointments and Creams
Reconstruction Symptoms of third degree burns are:
Black or White skin
Leathery in texture
Painless Partial Thickness:
-Blisters can be present
-Involve the entire epidermis
and upper layers of the dermis
-Wound will be pink and/or red
in color, painful, and wet appearing
-Wound will blanch when pressure is
-Should heal in several weeks
-Without grafting, scarring is
usually minimal Full Thickness:
-Can be red or white in appearance
but will appear dry
-Involves the destruction of the
entire epidermis and most of the
-Sensation can be present, but
-Blanching is sluggish or absent
-Will most likely need excision &
skin grafting to heal Can be classified as either partial or full thickness Fourth degree burns affect all layers of the skin and also structures below the skin, such as tendons, bone, ligaments and muscles. These burns are not painful, owing to destruction of nerve endings. They may occur from prolonged exposure to flame or electrical injury. These burns always require surgery or grafting to close the wounds. Fourth degree burns often result in permanent disability and may require lengthy rehabilitation. Fourth degree burns can be life-threatening and may require amputation due to the severe nature of fourth degree burn injuries.