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Immigration in the 1800's
Transcript of Immigration in the 1800's
*Almost one and a half million people immigrated
Around 73% of them immigrated to America
*Many of the people who imigrated died on the voyage to America and Canada.
*The ships they road on were so dangerous they were called 'Coffin Ships'
*It was estimated that 100,000 people died in route to America Prejudice and Discrimination against Immigrants People who wanted only white American protestants were known as Nativists
They opposed immigration and particularly the Irish
An entire political party was created that was known as The-Know-Nothing party
They had a candidate run but after they lost, the party soon dispensed. Words and People to know Famine - Widespread starvation
Nativists: People who only liked white, American Protestants
Know-Nothing Party: Political party formed by Nativists
Discrimination: Denial of equal rights of treatment Life as an Irish immigrant in America during the 1800's Unfortunately, many Irish people were faced with much prejudice and discrimination. They were stereotyped in newspapers, and treated as second class citizens.
Men found work doing the jobs no one else wanted to
However many employers discriminated against the Irish by hanging, "No Irish need apply here" signs
They often did construction like laying railroad tracks in the East and Midwest
Irish women were more often employed as household workers Emigration from Germany Kangaroos Political Unrest in the German Regions in 1848 FACTS ABOUT GERMAN IMMIGRATION
Between 1820 and 1910 nearly five and a half million German immigrated to America
Most of these people immigrated to Ohio and nearby the Great Lakes
Unlike the Irish immigrants who were mostly of the lower classes, the German immigrants were of mixed social classes.
Most of the German immigrants came to America to avoid political problems and economic issues. We are a nation of immigrants. Technically at this time, Germany was not a country. Instead it was deprived of many small places of land that differed from each region. However this caused the many regions of Germany to not advance as much as the other countries in Europe. The social system in the German regions was feudalistic and an in extreme need of change. America How Immigration affected America Americans react to immigrants As mentioned before, many Americans disliked immigrants
They stereotyped them and belittled them at every opportunity
They feared the immigrants would take their jobs Why America? America provided job opportunities; "Land of Opportunities"
More political freedom
Relief from poverty
Less religious persecution
Better Jobs and living environments Quote about Immigration "We are a nation of immigrants we are the children and grandchildren and great-grand children of those who wanted a better life, the driven ones.."
- Mitt Romney Life as a German immigrant in America Life was rough for any immigrant, regardless of nationality. However, the German immigrants faced a significantly less amount of discrimination than the Irish.
This was because most of the Irish who came to America were those who were directly impacted by the potato famine, farmers, and people of lower class. While German immigrants came from all over the German territories and differed greatly in economic and social classes. Immigration from the 1800's changed America in many ways
There was an increase of 16.2 million people from 1830 to 1920 from Immigration alone
There were new restrictions on immigration
For example there was a literate test; immigrants who were not literate could not enter the country
There was also a ban of new Chinese immigrants in the 1880's
Congress passed a law banning "undesirables" from entering the country.
As a nation we became more culturally diverse, although not everyone was pleased with this.
The cities became more urbanized and compact. Bibliography 1. http://www.mtholyoke.edu/~ebstork/famine.html#anchor2801633 http://www.albany.edu/history/HIS530/Immigrationsincethe1870s/immigration.html http://learn.uakron.edu/beyond/irishGerman.htm Working in America Many Germans were factory workers and assisted in the urbanization of towns.
Also, German immigrants brought breweries to America.
Some Germans were shopkeepers and helped to run small businesses
Although some were farmers and housekeepers as well Look how nice we were to the Irish :) Racism against Chinese immigrants at its finest. Dated July 23, 1892 Jeopardy!!!!
Do you feel the enthusiasm?