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The Basic Concepts of Publishing a Web Site

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Allison Longcrier

on 18 September 2017

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Transcript of The Basic Concepts of Publishing a Web Site

The Basic Concepts of Publishing a Web Site
Registering your domain name
If you ever wondered what the heck registering a domain was all about … you probably figured it out by now! But just in case – registering a domain name gets you an official address for your web site on the World Wide Web. With this ‘official’ address, the rest of the web can find you.
Like your home address is unique in the real world, there also can’t be any duplicate addresses on the Internet, otherwise no one would know where to go! In other words,
Getting your web site ‘live’ on the Web
With the nerd background details under our belts, we can now learn about the four steps to going live on the Web:

1. Register your domain.

2. Rent some server space.

3. Upload web site to server.

4. Direct your domain name to your website on the server.

1. Registering your domain
There are many companies out there that allow you to register the domain name for your web site. Prices vary, as does the quality of service, but at the end of the day, they all handle the details of getting your domain name listed in the giant address book of domain names.

These days, you will find that many of the names you may be interested in registering are already taken. As I mentioned before, domain names have to be unique and many have been slurped up.
What is the function of server software / programs?
Server software is created to ‘serve’ web pages and web sites. Basically, the server computer has a bunch of web sites loaded on it and it just waits for people (via web browsers) to request or ask for a particular page. When the browser requests a page the server sends it out.
What is the web?
In a nutshell, the web is a whole bunch of interconnected computers talking to one another. The computers (on the web) are typically connected by phone lines, digital satellite signals, cables, and other types of data-transfer mechanisms.

The computers that make up the web can be connected all the time (24/7), or they can be connected only periodically. The computers that are connected all the
time are typically called a ‘server’.
Servers are computers just like the one
you’re using now to read this article, with
one major difference, they have a special
software installed called ‘server’ software.
Domain names are unique addresses on the web.
You need to rent space on a server so that it can serve your web site to the World Wide Web; this is often called ‘hosting’.

Companies that provide this service are often called ‘host’ or hosting companies.

They will tell you everything that is able to run on their server. The will also give you the IP address of your website, you will need this for your domain name.
Renting server space to ‘host’ your web site
Some people may not want to buy a domain or pay for hosting because they only have a personal web site for fun or practice. You can still get your website live on the web by using a free hosting service that allows you to create what is called a ‘sub-domain’. A sub-domain is just a domain that is part of another domain. So if killersites.com offered sub-domain hosting you could have an address like:


Or it could be like:


Whichever way the free hosting service decides to do it. The point is that your web site domain is really a part of the parent domain, in this case killersites.com. Doing it this way, you don’t need to buy a domain name, and you don’t need to pay for hosting.
A Cheaper Option
This is fine for fun or project websites, but if you are serious about your web site (say it’s your portfolio website) using sub-domains is like taking someone else’s business card and writing your name on it!
After you have your domain name registered and your hosting service in place, the last step is to upload the website onto the server. You can transfer your web site to your host’s server using an FTP program.

An FTP program is a type of software that is used to move files from one computer to another over the Internet. FTP is the acronym for: File Transfer Protocol; this just means that this is a ‘way’ of moving files.

There are several free FTP programs you can use to move your files and many HTML editors and web design programs like Dreamweaver have FTP capabilities built in.
Moving your website files onto the server
The Last Step
The last step is actually directing your domain to your page.

Usually, this is done once you have everything up and ready to go.

You will connect your domain to your web site by using the IP address your host gave you.
Website is LIVE
Now you have made your website LIVE.

Visitors can type in your domain name and your website will show up right on their device.
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