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Appreciating Power

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Kenneth Sciberras

on 22 September 2017

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Transcript of Appreciating Power

Definition of power
Power is the ability to influence others to do what you want them to do.
Power gives you the means to accomplish tasks and help you reach your goals.
What's the difference between influence and power?
Positive power
Openness to change
Sources of
John French and Bertram Raven in 1959 identified five basic power sources:
Reward Power
This is the ability to give something material or of personal value to others.
Coercive power
This is the ability to influence others through threats and punishments.
Legitimate power
This is derived from a formal rank or position within an organizational hierarchy.
This develops when an individual possess specialized skills, knowledge or expertise in a particular area.
Referent power
Referent power is based on respect or admiration for the individual.
The personality of power
Individual characteristics
Personal Traits
i) Power-Compulsive
ii) Power-Positive
iii) Power-Shy
However, there are two additional power sources worth mentioning:
Derivative power
This kind of power comes from association and/or affiliation with a powerful person.
Passive power
This usually stems from a display of helplessness to acquire attention or avoid a task.
These are individuals who lust for power and are always greedy for more.
These are individuals who tend to avoid authoritative positions that require overs use of power.
These are persons who genuinely enjoy accepting responsibility and thrive on the use of power.
Successfully developing your power
Building power is a complex process and requires an understanding of the responsibilities of power, power sources and knowledge of the ethical use of power.
Power Positioning
Power Politics
Power Symbols
Power building and maintenance is divided into 3 parts:
Power positioning
Techniques used to position one's self to maximum gain
Achievement is sometimes just 'being lucky'
Effective power positioning: skilful planning and careful implementation
Self assessment: the first step to identify which technique is fully developed in you
5 types of Power Politics
Power grabbing individual and power crazed
Company politician:
Persons who desire power
Person who practices enough power politics to take advantage of good opportunities
Straight arrow:
Persons who believe that most workers are honest and hardworking
Innocent lamb:

Persons who believe that people are rewarded simply because they made an effort
This is used as means to change favors and information. It can be a powerful source of power when used properly.
Power symbols are everywhere and come in all shapes and sizes
Traits and characteristics:
High achievers are normally powerful and are usually seen as dominant, attractive and selfish.
Individuals gain these strengths through experience.
Physical traits make a more powerful impression.
Our appearance makes a statement about the degree of power we hold.
Empowerment of others
Empowerment is allowing others to make decisions and have influence in desired outcomes.
Don't delegate only power but also authority
Higher motivation
Higher chances of success
Aid in their power development
Dr. Warren Bennis
"People who are empowered will feel more significant and find their work more exciting"
Power pitfalls
Unwilling to face a problem
Refusing to take some action that will displease others
Being aggressive or refuse to delegate power is viewed negatively
A major pitfall of power gaming is over confidence and arrogance
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