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Chapter 25: WW2

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chris fackina

on 17 January 2018

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Transcript of Chapter 25: WW2

Chapter 25: World War II
Question 4
Battle of the Bulge Battle of Great Britain Battle of Stalingrad D-Day Tuskegee Airmen War in the Pacific President Truman Holocaust Final Solution genocide
Atomic bomb Hiroshima Yalta Conference Nuremberg Trials United Nations
Question 1
Fascism Nazism Imperialism
Adolf Hitler
Benito Mussolini
General Tojo
Nazi Party (NSP)
Joseph Stalin
Munich Conference
Winston Churchill
Axis/ Allied Powers blitzkreig

Project: Monday, 4/15 Due: Monday, 4/22
Test: Monday, 4.29
Key Vocabulary:
10 days
Approximate time:
Is about:
Essential Questions for the Chapter:
Ch. 26- The Cold War
Ch 25- World War II

Ch. 23- The Great Depression
Next Chapter
Last Chapter
This Chapter:
1.What events led to the outbreak of World War II?

2.What caused the US to move from neutrality to full involvement in the war?

3.How did the home front prepare for and participate in WWII?

4.How did the Allies win the war and what effects did the war have on the world?
Question 2
Neutrality Act 1935
Lend-Lease Act
Pearl Harbor
Selective Service Act-1940
Question 3
War Production Board Propaganda
Japanese Internment Camps
By the 1930’s, powerful dictators had risen to power in a number of nations. Their aggressive attempts to conquer new lands led to the largest war the world has ever seen. After attempting to remain neutral, the United States became involved in war and eventually emerges as a major world power. In this chapter you will learn about America’s involvement in World War II.
Question 1
Question 2
Question 3
Question 4
Question 1
" The seeds of World War II were sown earlier in the 20th century".
At the end of Chapter 19: WW1, we learned the meaning of this quote. Describe the meaning of this quote in 1 sentence. Then give an example of how the "seeds of WW2" were planted in 1919.
Question of the Day: What events led to the outbreak of World War II?
The Rise of "Ism's"
Non-Aggression Pact
Trying to avoid war: The Munich Pact
The Rise of Dictators

A ruler with total power over a country, typically one who has obtained power by force.

World wide
Reasons for Rise of Dictators
-3. Germany, Japan, Italy felt betrayed by
Treaty of Versailles
-War guilt clause
-Loss of territory
-2. WWI ended
without a decisive victory
Italy= Fascism
Soviet Union= Communism
Japan= Militarism
Germany= Nazism
controls every aspect of life:
-No free press or speech
-Dissent is not tolerated
Nazism, Fascism, Communism
are all totalitarian
-Controls Economy
Benito Mussolini=
dictator of Italy
-Promise return to
Italian greatness
corruption and chaos
Black shirts
-Violent group made to force loyalty to Mussolini
-Seized power from
Government takes
complete control of society
Joseph Stalin=
dictator of Soviet Union
-Japan ruled by military
General Tojo
was main leader
Ruler of Japan:
General Tojo
-Japan needed
natural resources
to industrialize
-Wanted equality with
western powers
Fascism: dictatorship that focuses on the gov't and finds it as most important
Nazism= form of Fascism, but focuses on race

Mein Kampf
-Hitler’s plan for ruling Germany
-Argued Jews should be eliminated
-Promised return to German greatness
Adolf Hitler
= dictator of Germany
Joined Nazi Party (National Socialist Party)
Beer Hall Putsch
-Hitler’s attempt to
take over German government
-It failed and Hitler
was jailed
Mein Kampf
while in jail
Communism- a system of gov't in which the country is controlled by one party and everything is public property.
collective ownership of property
- public
Stalin's regime
of those who opposed Stalin
-people not allowed to
think for themselves
-Germany sends troops into
Rhineland (territory bt Germany and Belgium, originally forbidden through the TOV), also annexes Austria
Aggression Begins

England, France give Germany
(territories in Czechoslovakia)
Winston Churchill calls it
giving into the demands of an aggressor to get peace

**As long as
Germany agrees to
stop taking territories

Allows Germany
to focus only on West
USSR and Germany agree
not to fight each other
Secretly agree to
divide Poland
=The taking of foreign land by force
- Japan invades and takes parts of
under their control
- Italy invades
-Hitler demanded that
to Germany because it had Germans

wanted to fight
Needed support of
England and France
DO NOW: Analyze the following cartoon and in one sentence describe the point it's trying to make.
Question of the day:
What caused the US to move from neutrality to full involvement in the war?
Appeasement Fails: and WWII begins
US Stays Neutral
Japan attacks Pearl Harbor
Japanese Expansion
- Hitler ignores the
Munich Pact 1937, takes over the rest of Czechoslovakia and sets his eyes on Poland
- GB and France vow to go to war with Germany if
they invade Poland
September 1st, 1939- Germany invades Poland
- official start of WWII
" Your boys are not going to be sent into any foreign wars." -FDR 1940
- FDR wants to support GB, but stay out of war
- Passes the
Lend-Lease Act
in March of 1941- which allows the US to aid any foreign country defending democracy
- sends billions of dollars worth of
weapons, tanks, and food to GB
Allied Powers vs. Axis Powers
- the US urges Japan to
withdraw and freezes
Japanese funds in US Banks
-Japan knows only the
US Navy
can stop them
- Japan attacks
European colonies in the Pacific, for resources
December 7, 1941
" A day that will live in infamy"
- Japanese Planes attack
US Navy stationed in Pearl Harbor Hawaii with no warning
Americans killed
and most of Navy Fleet was destroyed
- Japan hoped US would agree
to peace- December 8th,
Congress declares
war on Japan


Great Britain, Soviet Union, USA, France
Compare and Contrast
Think of:
details of the events
Who? What? Where? When? Why?
US gov't reaction
People's reaction towards certain groups
Question of the day:

How did the home front prepare for and participate in WWII?
War Effort: War Production Board
War Effort: Rationing
War Effort: Women
War Effort: Minorities

en and Women
WW2 Propaganda
- an gov't department
created to mobilize the US for WW2
Under the WPB:
factories ran 24 hours a day
unemployment rates fell from 25% to 1%
agricultural production soared
bans were created to conserve items for the troops
money was raised through the sale of war bonds
In 1942- The WPB began a system of "rationing"- having the American people
conserve certain items at home that were needed for war.
Items rationed:
-rubber * the Dutch East Indies were taken over by Japan, which produced 95% of our rubber
-families received rationing
books, to make sure goods were spread out evenly

Men left for army, so j
obs become available for wo

WW2 Job Opportunities for Wo
- non combat military: tested military equipment like planes
-served as Army and Navy nurses
-filled men's jobs: taxi drivers, elevator operators, etc.
-Worked in factories producing weapons, ships, jeeps
- African Americans continued to
move to northern cities to fill factory jobs
- were
discriminated against
in getting hired and also in the armed services
- FDR issued an order prohibiting
discrimination in gov't and companies producing war goods
Year 1942- Executive Order 9066
: allowed the US gov't to begin the process of
internment of Japanese Americans due to the fear and suspicion of the American public
-110,000 Japanese Americans were removed from their homes and placed in camps during WW2
2/3 of them were American citizens
-images of the enemy
-how they could do their part
-images of men at war
-American symbols

Look at the following piece of propaganda from the WW2 Era. In 2 sentences or more describe the message the artist is trying to make and what images they use to get this point across.
Question of the day:
How did the Allies win the war and what effects did the war have on the world?
War On Two Fronts
Winning the Pacific
Winning Europe
WW2's Impact
The following is a political cartoon by Dr. Seuss from 1942. Explain what's going on in the cartoon and what point Dr. Seuss is trying to make.
1. The war in Europe and Africa
2. Pacific Front
= Europe, Russia, and Northern Africa
=Islands in the Pacific
By 1941- Axis Powers controlled 11 countries and 70 million people
Strategically wanted for resources= oil
Mainly carried out by US vs. Japan
Hong Kong, Guam, Phillipines, Midway, Wake, all controlled by Japan
Key Battle Turning Points in WW2
Battle of Midway
Battle of Stalingrad
Battle for North Africa
'Operation Torch'
Invasion of Italy
D-Day: Invasion of Normandy
Battle of the Bulge
Year: June 1942
Location: Midway Island, Pacific
What happened:
- US CODEBREAKERS were able to determine "what, where, when and how" of the Japanese attack.
-4 Japanese aircraft carriers and 1 cruiser were destroyed.
Turning Point:
- Japan couldn't replace their loss of ships and the US began "island hopping" and taking back territories lost in the Pacific
August 1942- Feb 1943
Stalingrad, USSR
What happened:
-Germany wanted to capture Stalingrad- bombed the city to rubble
-Russian winter weakened German forces- Allied Victory
- Entire city was turned into a battle field- over 2 million casualties
Turning Point bc:
was the most strategically decisive battle of the whole war: left the Eastern front of Germany open to USSR attack
Nov 4,1942
The Battle for
'El Alamein'
What happened+ Why it's a Turning Point:
- Allied forces stopped the Axis Powers from gaining control of the Suez Canal and Middle Eastern oil fields
Sep 1943
What happened:
- Benito Mussolini had been overthrown by Italians on Sep. 8, 1943
-Allied forces still invaded as planned
Turning Point:
Italy is out of the war
June 6, 1944
Normandy, France
What happened:
-within weeks: 1 million troops invade, 140,000 vehicles, 570,000 tons of supplies
D-day- 150,000 troops invade France
-invasion planned by Allied Powers to take back France and invade 5 beaches
Turning Point:
Allied Troops led by General George Patton capture France back
Dec 1944- Jan 1945
Belgium, Lux., and Germany
What happened:
- Hitler's last gamble
-fatigued, low on weapons, oil, and troops, Germans are pushed back into Germany
The bloodiest battle the US fought in the war: 89,000 injured or dead
Turning Point:
Hitler lost many men and
weapons he could not replace

NAZI could do nothing but retreat
Winston Churchill FDR Joseph Stalin
Blitzkrieg-a high concentration of
tanks, infantry, artillery, combat engineers and air power,
concentrating overwhelming force at high speed to break through enemy lines-
working together as a team.
Kamikaze flyers-were
suicide attacks by Japanese air forces against the Allies in the Pacific,
nearly 4,000 were sacrificed
Atomic Bomb-
"Manhattan Project"
Hiroshima - Before and After
Nagasaki - Before and After
September 8 1945
Japan surrenders on USS Missouri
"Geno" means

"cide" means
GI Bill of Rights
costs for veterans

European dictatorships

America becomes
world economic, military and political
Results of War
60 million killed
Establish precedent that leaders

and military people responsible for wartime actions
Nuremberg Trials
Trial to punish

Nazis for the Holocaust and crimes against humanity.
DO NOW: How can the following quotes guide us in our understanding as we study the Holocaust? (in other words, how do you think they will relate to our study of the Holocaust?)
"The world is too dangerous to live in – not because of the people who do evil, but because of the people who sit and let it happen."  -Albert Einstein

“All that is necessary for the triumph of evil is that good men do nothing.” – Edmund Burke
Internment Camps
Panic and Fear leads to drastic measures
15 minute Quick Write
In your Power Pair Group

the japanese Internment video
How were the japanese Americans living in America treated after the attack on Pearl Harbor and why they were interned?
Write a Persuasive Argument:
In your pairs, each of you will chose a side and make an argument for and against the act of interning Japanese Americans during WWII
student argumets and judge which side makes a better argument
your arguments to the class
Led by American
General Dwight D. Eisenhower
and British
General Bernard Montgomery
107,000 troops land in Casablanca and push Nazi
General Erwin Rommel (The Desert Fox)
eastward towards Egypt Major Tank Battles end in an Allied victory
Unconditional Surrender
blames the Jews for starting the war and his general for losing it.
He gets married to Eva Braun
Then he
shoots himself
ending the his reign of terror
April 25 1945 the Soviet Union stormed Berlin Germany
German Soldiers were executed

December 1944
A week later
General Eisenhower
accepted the
Unconditional Surrender
of the
Third Reich
Allies Celebrate
V-E DAY Victory in Europe day
May 8,1945
Led by- American Admiral Chester Nimitz
In the words of the Japanese
"America has Avenged Pearl Harbor"
Island Hopping
Allies are surrounded
The 101 Airborn division put up a Heroic resistance
The nazis advance is defeated
City of Bastogne:
Question for the Day:
Think back to our prior lessons How was this battle strategy used y the Japanese?
Dolittle Raids-
Iwo Jima-
Led by General Douglas Mac Arthur
The Manhattan Project
The Atom Bomb Debate
Using your textbook Page 791
Question of the Day
Was Droping the Atom Bomb on Japan Justifiable?
10 minute read and write
In your pairs take one side of the argument

will be those students
sitting on the the left side
of you pairs
will be those students
sitting on the the right side
of you pairs
Silently read the the side you were assigned and develop an argument that you will share with the class that best supports your side

Your argument must be 10 sentences long and clearly state 3 supportive pieces of evidence taken fro the reading
Alternative Debate
Have the For and the Against take one side of the room each then discuss and develop an augment to be used in a Debate
Elect 9 Judges to preside over the Debate
Give them 10 minutes each to state there case
The top secret project to create the most devasting wepon of all times
1942 Lieutenant Colonel James Doolittle led 16 bombers to "Attack Tokyo" lifting America's spirit
1942 Admiral Chester Nimitz sinks four aircraft carries, a cruiser, and 250 planes
Japan becomes desperate an use suicide bombing mission
1945 one of the fiercest battles of the war 70,000 marines take the island and raise the American Flag
1945 even fiercer than Iwo Jima 7,600 americans killed and 110, 000 Japanese are killed

was a c
hilling forecast of what it was going to be like taking mai
nland Japan
Unscramble these letters then try to figure out the code
JEWS- 1945
KURDS- 2005
The Yalta Conference
The allies discuss the postwar world that leads to the creation of the
United Nations

Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombing
Conventional Vs. Nuclear
US plan to develop the
Atomic Bomb led by Einstein and Oppenheimer
US builds 3 bombs
August -1945-
Little Boy is dropped on Hiroshima killing 80,000 people
Three days later-
Fat Man is dropped on Nagasaki
Refuses to surrender
Full transcript