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Cause and Effect Graphic Organizer: Medieval Europe Development

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Samantha Patterson

on 15 January 2013

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Transcript of Cause and Effect Graphic Organizer: Medieval Europe Development

Cause Effect Developments in Medieval Europe Technology The period saw major technological advances, including the adoption of gunpowder, the invention of vertical windmills, spectacles, mechanical clocks, and greatly improved water mills, building techniques (Gothic style, medieval castle), agriculture in general (three-field crop rotation). Technology With these new technology coming out they could develop the land and expand their knowledge to better the life of the villages. The new technology also brought a expansion to the war aspect and gave them a better chance of defeating others with a more advanced war weapons. Trade The Middle Ages saw the rapid expansion of Medieval trade and commerce. The most important factor was the Crusades.The Crusades, which had facilitated the relations with Eastern countries, developed a taste in the West for their indigenous productions, gave a fresh vigor to this foreign commerce and trade, and rendered it more productive by removing the stumbling blocks which had arrested its progress Trade After a decline following the breakup of the Roman Empire, European commerce expanded gradually during the Middle Ages, especially during the 12th and 13th centuries. Long-distance trade became safer once merchants began to form associations for the protection of travelers who journeyed abroad. The main long-distance trade routes were from the Baltic and the eastern Mediterranean to central and northern Europe. From the forests of the Baltic came raw materials: timber, tar, furs, and skins. From the East came luxury goods: spices, jewelry, and textiles. In exchange for these goods, western Europe exported raw materials and processed goods. The English sold woolen garments, the Dutch offered salted herring, Spain produced wool, and France exported salt; southern Europe was also rich in wine, fruit, and oil. The Italian and German cities straddling these routes promoted and financed the trade. Nonetheless, throughout the Middle Ages, commerce between Europe and Asia was limited, because overland transport was expensive and because Europe possessed little of value for export to the East. Commerce The conquest of Palestine by the Crusaders had first opened all the towns and harbors of this wealthy region to Western traders, and many of them were able permanently to establish themselves there, with all sorts of privileges and exemptions from taxes. The Eastern commerce furnished the first elements of that trading activity which showed itself on the borders of the Mediterranean and the emergence of the republics of Amalfi, Venice, Genoa, and Pisa becoming the rich depots of all maritime trade. Commerce The bad state of the roads, the little security they offered to travelers, the extortion of all kinds to which foreign merchants were subjected, and the System of fines and tolls which each landowner thought right to exact, before letting merchandise pass through his domains, all created obstacles to the development of Middle Ages trade and commerce.
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