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Native North Americans

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by

Megan Malecek

on 2 September 2016

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Transcript of Native North Americans

Native North Americans
First...how did they get here...
...from here?
Here!
So, now people are here!
And they settle in different areas...
Arctic
Northwest
Southwest
Plains
Southeast
http://app.discoveryeducation.com/player/view/assetGuid/AEB791D8-D6AF-4A2E-8705-4B007CBF5918
As you watch this clip, imagine you are living in this climate 1,000 years ago. How will you survive?
Definitions:
1. Climate:
2: Nomadic:
describes people who move around with no set place to live
Largest Arctic Native Group: Inuit
Describe the climate based on what you saw in the movie clip:
-icy
-freezing cold
-9 months of winter
What did you notice about their surroundings?
-Ocean is important
-Tundra: area where ground is permanently frozen-very few trees
Based on what you saw in the movie clip, what kind of food do you think the Inuits ate?
Cannot grow plants (farm) in the arctic, so hunting and fishing are very important!
-seals

-walrus
-polar bear
-caribou
How is their location reflected in their clothing?
-Animal skins, fur
-Seal hide
-Invented snow goggles
Remember: People use their natural resources to build their shelters!
3. Natural Resources: something found in nature that can be used by people.
Summer Shelter: Tent called a tupik, made of animal skin and whale bone
Winter Shelter: Igloo, made of ice and snow-no trees!
What do you think? Why?
No farming-hunting for food only!!!
Focus Native Group: Kwakiutl
-mild
-rainy
-many trees (cedar)
-salmon migrate there in spring and summer
-ocean coast
-salmon, deer (men fished and hunted)
-nuts and berries (women gathered)
-clothing made of cedar bark and animal hides
-plank houses
Plateau
Plateau
Group Focus: Nez Perce
-Mild
-Very similar to Kwakiutl
-No coast
-salmon
-deer, elk
-roots, fruit, nuts, seeds
-clothes made from deerskin
-decorated with fringe, beads, and shells
-Longhouses: permanent shelter
http://app.discoveryeducation.com/player/view/assetGuid/63D888FB-CAEB-4638-8249-DD96FEDE741
Tribe Focus: Pawnee
-warm summers
-cold winters
-flat
-treeless
-many rivers and lakes
-Hunted buffalo (bison)
-Grew corn, beans, squash, and pumpkins
-made from buffalo and deer hides:
-leggins
-loin cloths
-buffalo robes
-shirts
-Earth lodges
-Tipis (hunting trips only)-needed to be easily moved to search for buffalo
http://www.indigenouspeople.net/sacrbund.htm
http://app.discoveryeducation.com/player/view/assetGuid/3AD64DD9-43F9-4D41-9527-27FC4CFDD845
Segment Finding Water in Deserts Start at 3:50
Native Focus: Hopi
-hot
-dry
-desert
-mountains
-rivers
-plateaus
-rocky
-Hunted: Bison (Buffalo) and deer
-Farmed: corn, beans, pumpkins, squash
-made of cotton
-very little clothing-it's HOT!
-Made of adobe (clay and straw baked into bricks)- kept cool during the day and warm at night.
-Multistory and built like apartments
Native Focus: Seminoles
-wet
-humid
-woodlands
-marshes
-rivers
-lakes
-Farmed: beans, squash, and corn
-Farmed: deer and other small game
-Made of plant material and animal skins
-Chickees: wooden raised homes with thatch roofs-raised to be above wet ground prone to flooding, also protection from animals. Open on the sides to keep cool.
http://www.semtribe.com/culture/Legends.aspx
-fish
-other ocean animals
-made from cedar trees
-built near river or ocean for food
-4 seasons
-like the Kwakiutl, men hunted and fished while women gathered
Plateau: an elevated flatland
-Teepees when hunting
-dry, 4 seasons
-Pueblos

Segment called North American and South African Plains in Summer
-location: Northwest Canada
Location: Western Canada
Location: Washington, Oregon, and Idaho
Location: Great Plains
Location: Arizona
Location: Georgia and Florida
Full transcript