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Copy of DANIELS 9 IDEAS ABOUT LANGUAGE
Transcript of Copy of DANIELS 9 IDEAS ABOUT LANGUAGE
Talking differently to strangers than work associates; Example of husband and wife talk; intimate vs. casual style Points 5, 6 & 7 8. Value judgments about different languages or dialects are matters of taste
We develop values and stereotypes about other peoples’ language
We associate the German language as being authoritarian and British English as scholarly Points 8 & 9 4. Everyone Speaks A Dialect An example of jargon
3. All languages have three major components: a sound system, a vocabulary, and a system of grammar
Phonology- the inventory of vocal noises and combinations of noises that it employs
Vocabulary or lexicon is the individual’s storehouse of words
Grammar: construction of a sentence, a whole system of rules which make up a language- all the lexicon, phonological and syntactic patterns Speakers of all languages employ a range of styles and set up sub-dialects of jargon Example of Jargon 1. Children learn their native language swiftly, efficiently, and largely without instruction
•Children learn to talk by listening to their environments
the language of the child’s home and community is their native language
•About 90% of adult structures are acquired by the time the child is 7
2. Language operates by rules
Sounds, words and the arrangement of strings of words, and aspects of the social act of speaking
•The foundation of language is found in a system of rules- the agreement of speakers to use certain sound consistently 4. Everyone speaks a dialect
depends on geographic region
pressure to keep language unified
standard is the speech of educated people, upper class 6. Language change is normal
change may upset people as it is deviation from the norm
word meanings can narrow or expand over time ("dogge " used to refer to one specific breed , but now serves as a general term for for a varied family of animals 7. Languages are intimately related to the societies and individuals who use them
Human language has been shaped by, and changes to meet, the need of its speakers 9. Writing is a descriptive of speech
Only 5% of languages have writing
based on oral language
some languages may not have letters, but have writing systems that are pictographic Distinguishes speech for a geographic region. Reasons for different dialects include isolation and language change.
The idea of “standard” dialect; upper class or the educated. People who all work and live together will generally speak similarly. If two members of a group move away, the language of the two groups will naturally diverge due to different external surroundings.
People on the west coast call it soda, in the Midwest it's called pop
On the west coast, where weed is a prominent part of the culture, a bubbler refers to paraphernalia to smoke weed. Whereas, in New England people use bubbler as a reference to a drinking fountain.
Outsourced - Indians refer to an eraser as a "rubber."
Fresh Prince of Bel Air theme song "up to no good" Modern Family Clip 5. Speakers of all languages employ a range of styles and a set of subdialects or jargons We don’t belong to one speech community; we belong to many. Geographic regions, family, work or professional settings, and educational environments are a few that are common to belong to
We learn how to say things, when to say them and to whom
The ability to adjust our speech to fit a particular social context
Speech styles, jargon and purposes for speaking are three of the most important categories.
Example: When speaking to a significant other we might say “hey babe,” but we wouldn’t address a professor in the same manner. Languages are intimately related to the societies and individuals who use them. Human language has been shaped by, and changes to meet, the need of its speakers
Language will not be perfect or equal in cross-culture settings, which leads to having trouble conversing with people who are from different cultures who have different dialects.
Example: Students who come to UT from out of state might use y’all as part of their vocabulary because they are surrounded by it here in Texas. Exposing ourselves to new societal cultures often allows us to acclimate. Discussion Question: Where do you see the use of various dialects in your own lives? Discussion Question: Reflecting on personal experiences, do people judge others' dialects and what are ways in which we can bridge the barrier? Discussion Section: In what ways does "jargon" influence your interactions with people? ex: Eskimos have different ways of explaining "snow" (wet snow, powdery snow.)
extensive vocabulary to talk about something in detailed ways