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Timeline of Computers

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Wasiq Mohammad

on 23 January 2014

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Transcript of Timeline of Computers

History of the Computer
Hi!
1935
2000
1936
Z1 Computer, made by Konrad Zuse, was the first completely programmable computer.

a) For computers to be useful and versatile, they need to be programmable
b) This event is important because it's the very first programmable computer
1944
Howard Aiken's Harvard Mark I Computer was electromechanical and could store 72 numbers, each 23 decimal digits long.

a) It was first computer in the influential Harvard Mark series.
b) This event is important because it would mark the beginning of Harvard's Mark computers and was used by the Navy.
1945
Colossus was the world's first electronic digital computer that was at all programmable.

a) The impact this had was that future electronic digital computers were expected to be programmable, making them more versatile.
b) It is important because it was used to break encoded German messages during World War II.
1954
John Backus & IBM's
FORTRAN Computer Programming Language was the first high level programming language.

a) This had a significant impact because it was the one of the first successful programming language and programming is able to create all kinds of software.
b) This is important because programming is a huge achievement in computer technology because it's used to create operating systems, video games and software.
1951
John Presper Eckert & John W. Mauchly's
UNIVAC was one of the first commercial computer & able to pick presidential winners.

a) The UNIVAC was the first in the UNIVAC series, a series of computers that lasted until 1981.
b) This is important because it was the first UNIVAC computer and it was one of the first commercially available computers.
1942
John Atanasoff & Clifford Berry's ABC Computer was one of the first computers. It was able to solve systems of linear equations.

a) Solving linear equations is put in to every computer after the ABC
b) Although not programmable, the ABC could calculate linear equations.
1946
John Presper Eckert & John W. Mauchly's
ENIAC 1 Computer was the very first electronic general-purpose computer.

a) Most computers after the ENIAC are general purpose computers, following the ENIAC's trend.
b) This is important because it was designed to calculate artillery firing tables for the United States Army's Ballistic Research Laboratory. Computers had never been this useful practically.
1948
Frederic Williams & Tom Kilburn's Manchester Small-Scale Experimental Machine (AKA Baby), was the first stored-program computer.

a) It was the first machine to have everything essential to today's electronic computer.
b) It is important because it was the first stored-program computer and had a memory of 32 words.
1953
International Business Machines's
IBM 701 EDPM Computer was IBM's very first computer.

a) This was IBM's first computer,after which the company made a lot of high-tech computers and computer parts.
b) It's important because it was the gateway for IBM to create more computer technology.
1900
~
1950
1964
Douglas Engelbart's Computer Mouse was the very first computer mouse invented.

a) Most modern computers utilize a mouse to control a cursor like Englebart's mouse. This has made using computers much easier and making any task on the computer simpler.
b) This is significant because computer mouses are now practically a necessity for a computer and Englebart's mouse started it all.
1976/77
Apple I, II & TRS-80 & Commodore Pet Computers are released to consumers.

a) The impact this had was that these computers from different companies were igniting competition between each other. This competition is what made each company try to make their newer computes better.
b) This is important because many companies were releasing different computers for consumers to buy. This was another step towards computers in every household.
1981
The IBM PC 5150 was introduced.

a) IBM PC became a huge hit and became the standard household PC.
b) This is important because the IBM PC was a very successful computer. This is partly due to its flexible design, allowing it to be easily upgraded or repaired.
1971
Faggin, Hoff & Mazor's Intel 4004 Computer Microprocessor was the world's first microprocessor.

a) The impact this had was that most computers after this included microprocessors.
b) This is important because it was the first microprocessor and microprocessors are an important part of the modern computer.
1978
Dan Bricklin & Bob Frankston's VisiCalc Spreadsheet Software was created.

a) The creation of this software spawned new reasons to buy a computer, especially for businesses, as this software was very useful for managing finances.
b) This is important because it made computers more useful yet again. With this, there were more reasons to buy a computer than ever before.
1974/75
Thw Scelbi & Mark-8 Altair and the IBM 5100 Computers the first consumer computers.

a) This made computers available to the average person.
b) This event is the beginning of computers coming to every household.
1959

Stanford Research Institute, Bank of America, and General Electric's ERMA was the first bank industry computer.

a) The impact this had was that banks started using computers to automate some of their services, increasing the usefulness of computers.
b) This is significant because if huge companies, like banks, use computers often, it means that computers had been trusted enough to deal with those kinds of things. The use of computers was becoming more common.
1958
Jack Kilby & Robert Noyce's
Integrated Circuit (AKA "The Chip").

a) The Chip has had a gigantic impact on the history of computers because modern computers use microchips.
b) This is important because integrated circuits are used to make computers better and smaller.
1962
Steve Russell & MIT's "Spacewar" Computer Game was the very first computer game.

a) This has had an impact because video games became very popular and, often times, computers were created with video gaming in mind.
b) This is important because this is the first in computer video gaming, a now multi-million dollar industry.
1969
ARPAnet was created, which eventually evolved to be the international internet.

a) One of the main purposes of modern day computers is to connect to the internet.
b) This is important because the modern internet changed the way we live our life and changed the main purpose of the computer. This is the beginning of the internet.
1971
Alan Shugart & IBM created the "Floppy Disk", a portable disk that can hold data.

a) This device was useful for containing data and made it easier to transfer data between computers, increasing the practicality of computers.
b) This was important because the floppy disk eventually evolved into USB flash drive, which is used with modern day computers today with the same purpose.
1973
Robert Metcalfe & Xerox created the Ethernet Computer Networking, allowing networks between computers.

a) Networks between computers increased the usefulness of computers in the workplace and schools. The ability to transfer data between computers in a network made computers very helpful in companies.
b) This event is important because it allowed computers to be more versatile and useful than ever before.
1979
Seymour Rubenstein & Rob Barnaby's
WordStar Software was the word processors.

a) Word processors became so common on computers that computers were expected to be used as typewriters. This made computer developers make there own word processors to meet the demand.
b) This is important because this is the very first of many word processing software to be created to expand the use of computers further. Word processors on computers eventually replaced typewriters entirely.
1983
Apple Lisa Computer, the first computer with a graphical user interface (AKA GUI) was introduced.

a) All future personal computers were released with GUI's because they made using the computer easier and simpler.
b) This is important because have a graphical user interface makes it easier for people to use computers, even if they don't know much about technology.
1984
Apple Macintosh Computer was released. It was the most affordable home computer with a GUI.

a) Having a more affordable, simpler to use household computer on the market had given the Macintosh mass appeal.
b) This was important because the Macintosh computer was very popular and so personal computers were becoming common household items.
1985
The Microsoft Windows computer is revealed.

a) The Windows computer's success brought with it a huge rivalry with Apple. For the next few years, Apple and Microsoft will compete with each other through their computers. Also, after Window's success, there were 7 more operating systems from the Windows series.
b) This is significant because this computer was very successful and so it was also the very first Windows computer. The majority of modern computers run an iteration of the Windows OS.
The Manchester Small-Scale Experimental Machine
IBM 5100
Works Cited:
http://www.computerhistory.org/timeline/
http://inventors.about.com/library/blcoindex.htm
http://www.intel.com/content/www/us/en/history/museum-story-of-intel-4004.html
The End!
Wasiq Mohammad
Full transcript