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Simple, Compound and Complex Sentences

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LIz McDowell

on 9 February 2014

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Transcript of Simple, Compound and Complex Sentences

Sentence Structure
Why only use one, when there are so many to choose from?

Why do we need so many different types of sentences?
I hear you ask.....well
Your turn
Experienced writers use a variety of sentences to make their writing interesting and lively. Too many simple sentences, for example, will sound choppy and immature while too many long sentences will be difficult to read and hard to understand.
So where do we start...Simply
Type 1.. A simple sentence

A simple sentence consists of only ONE clause.
A clause usually contains a SUBJECT and a VERB

Mrs McD is a teacher

Mrs McD is the SUBJECT and 'is a teacher"
contains a verb (and tells you something about
the subject)
I have pasted these links into a document in your conference.
Try each of them to perfect your sentences
We want our writing to be enjoyed ,
so let's make it WOW!
"Everyone has their own story. Something to say to people." Erin Gruwell, Freedom Writers
Writing needs to be engaging, capture the
readers imagination....sentences help to do this
After all who wants blah blah blah?

Let's consider our Unit Question
How are novels crafted for a specific purpose?
We will look at how successful writers carefully select the language they use to communicate their purpose to their readers
Your turn.
Which of the following are simple
1. I am hungry
2. The door was locked
3. I will always do my best
4. The sun is shining
5. Why are you late?
Each one had only a subject and a verb.
That's right! They all were!
Next ...
Type 2. Compound Sentences

These have two or more clauses where they could also be separate sentences.
You can spot these as they use a conjunctions such as, 'but' or 'and' or 'or'.
For example , Mrs McD thought that she had flu, but it was only a cold.
This could be separated into : Mrs McD thought she had flu. It was only a cold.
Which of the following are compound sentences?
Your turn.
1. Every cloud has a silver lining.
2. I was tired before but now I'm ok.
3. I read all of the Narnia books so I went to see it at the
cinema too
4. I left to find a drink of water and a snack
5. I hoped to go to the gym before going home then I noticed the time.
Meet the FANBOYS...
...No not these ones
These ones
So what are the different types of sentences and how do they look and sound?
The 'boys' will help you to identify compound
sentences and to write your own
Type 3. Complex Sentences

These have 2 or more clauses.
Usually only one of these could
be a sentence on its own.
For example,
MS11, my best class, work hard
"MS11 work hard everyday." could be a sentence on its own, but " my best class" could not.
How to vary our sentences...
Ways to make our writing more
Here are some really easy ways:
1. Don't always start with the subject.
Instead of " I walked slowly over to her", change it to
"Slowly, I walked over to her".

2. If you have lots of short sentences combine them to
make compound sentences.
"The rain was falling heavily from the clouds above.
It was very dark".
Would become: " It was very dark adn the rain was
falling heavily from the clouds above."
3. Add additional detail to your sentences:
"I couldn't see through the windscreen that day."
Could become: "I couldn't see through the windscreen
that day because of all the dust."

Experiment with the order of words, instead of :
"I couldn't see through the windscreen that day because of all the dust."
Could become: "Because of all the dust, I couldn't see through the windscreen that day".
As well as...
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