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LGBTQ Presentation

For Counseling 655 we created a presentation on Counseling individuals in the LGBTQ Community and their history.

T'Airra Belcher

on 21 February 2017

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Transcript of LGBTQ Presentation

Counseling Skills and a Brief History
Guided Imagery
How it Feels to be Different
How did this make you feel?
Imagine A World Where Being "Gay" The Norm & Being "Straight" Would Be The Minority! [Short Film]
What stood out for you?
What parallels did you see between this story and your experiences personal or observed?
What came up for you as you watched this role reversal?
Cutest Couple
Use Non-heterosexist, Gender-Neutral Inclusive Language
Same-Sex Attraction
-Refers to the direction of emotional, romantic, and sexual feelings or behavior.
-Viewed as a continuum:
Power in language
Responding Appropriately to Client Self-Disclosures
Write down any reactions you had. One to two words.
List 5 feelings that this video provoked.
You're not really an LGB person
The inadequate response
The liberal response
The lecture
Challenging Biases
Overt and Conscious
Covert and Unconscious
Clients can disclose in many different ways depending on where they are in the sexual minority development process
Conceptualizing the Role of Sexual Orientation in Counseling
Facilitating Sexual Identity Development in the Coming-Out Process
Counselor responses should vary according to client readiness
Responding to early identity phase: How would you respond?
Affirmatively provide support and complete acceptance of their same-sex feelings; it is imperative to address their worries and doubts about these feelings
Responding to coming out issues:
Clients in this stage have positive thoughts and feelings about being LGBT
Counselors commonly help them with the decision to come out to family and friends; determine risks and benefits about coming out to certain individuals; and educate client on common initial reactions to this type of disclosure
Responding beyond coming out:
Having a positive LGBT identity does not mean that they are protected from oppression (ex: how and when to express affection in public)
External Oppression: Attending to the Heterosexist Content of Client’s Lives
Internalized Oppression: Identifying and Challenging Internal Heterosexism
Explore Multiple Identities of LGBT Clients
IAO: integrated analysis of oppression

Increasing awareness of other minority identities

Facilitate development within these identities

Raise awareness to how these identities

create internal and external heterosexism
Counselors Self-Disclosure
Engaging in Activism Towards the Eradication of Heterosexism
L,G,B,T,Q,Q, and I
Lesbian – a homosexual woman

Gay – a homosexual man

Bi-sexual – sexual attraction towards both males and females

Transgender – refers to “a range of behaviors, expressions, and identifications that challenge the pervasive bipolar gender system in a given culture”
one’s gender identity does not match one’s assigned sex
does not imply sexual orientation
individuals can identify as hetero, homo, bi, poly, or asexual

Transsexual – an individual whose gender identity is different from their anatomical sex. Frequently seek hormones or sex reassignment surgery and desire to permanently live their lives as member of the other gender

Intersex or Hermaphrodite – individuals born with some mixture of ambiguous genitalia.

Transvestite – individuals who wear clothing of the opposite gender for emotional satisfaction, but who may not be sexually attracted to members of the same sex.

Drag King or Drag Queen – identify as gay or lesbian and cross-dress for entertainment purposes
Society and the LGBT Community
Stonewall riots in New York- 1969, marked the beginning of the modern LGBT rights movement
Greenwich Village’s most popular gay bar was raided by police supposedly because the bar was operating without a liquor license
several cops were brutal towards a lesbian and a crowd of patrons and passersby stormed the Stonewall and an uprising ensued
6 days of unrest followed
Commemorated by gay rights parades and Pride marches

Psychological and sex-related research: Kinsey and Hooker, sexual orientation on a continuum, homosexuality and bisexuality are normative (common, pervasive across all populations & historical eras)

Changes to the DSM: 1973, removal of homosexuality from the list of mental disorders
Attitudes Toward The LGBT Community
Negative attitudes associated with:
Being male
Being older
Low educational level
Belonging to conservative religious denomination
Engaging in more religious behavior
Political conservativeness
Lacking interpersonal contact with L & G people
Counselor Awareness
Activity 15.2: Examining Messages Learned About Sexual Orientation

What are your earliest memories related to hearing others speak about sexual orientation?
How did you learn about heterosexuality, homosexuality, and bisexuality as a child, adolescent, and adult?
What messages did you hear from the gov’t, media, school, friends, and family about sexuality?
What stereotypes exist in the general culture?
How do you feel about interacting with and counseling those whose SE is the same as yours? How about with those whose SE is different from yours?

Thoughts? Reactions? Comments?
The LGBT Community Today
35 states have bans on anti-gay bias

Same-sex marriage is legal in 12 states (Massachusetts, Connecticut, Iowa, Vermont, New Hampshire, New York, Maryland, Maine, Washington, Rhode Island, Delaware, and Minnesota)

Three openly gay legislators serve in Congress

A film celebrating a slain gay activist won two Oscars at the most recent Academy Awards
June is LGBT Pride Month
This year, we celebrate LGBT Pride Month at a
moment of great hope and progress, recognizing that more needs to be done. Support for LGBT equality is growing, led by a generation which understands that, in the words of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., " Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere.'
- President Obama
Stay current with LGBT literature

Be flexible: terms can be fluid; ask a client what they prefer to be called

Homosexuality: current acceptable description for overall attraction to the same sex; however it is inappropriate to use “homosexual” to person who identifies with LGBT

Preferred terms: Lesbians, gay men, sexual minorities and LGBT persons

Can you think of examples of gender-neutral language?
What role does sexual orientation play in your client’s issues?

Sexual orientation can range from being a central part of a person’s life to being inconsequential depending on their environment and what developmental phase they are in

For people who are coming out, sexual orientation will most likely be the central issue; counselor helps to create a positive gay identity

All LGBT clients experience “gay stressors” from living in an oppressed status in a heterosexist society

Can you think of examples of “gay stressors”?

Someone who has been “out” for years may feel more comfortable disclosing early on in the counseling process; whereas someone who is still in the early stages will feel threatened
Nonjudgemental acceptance is KEY
How to respond?
Assess the importance and impact of heterosexism in client’s lives by asking them how they have experienced prejudice and discrimination

Can you think of examples?

Explicitly conceptualize clinical issue in a heterosexism context

For example: helping a client understand why coming out at work is difficult because of the presence of heterosexism at the workplace
Determine extent to which the internalized messages are affecting the client

To bring awareness to these negative beliefs, counselors could ask what types of stereotypes the client heard growing up

It’s helpful to introduce bibliotherapy, CBT techniques, and suggest contact with other LGBT persons
Counselors should work with clients to determine the importance of self-disclosure

Both disclosure and nondisclosure of the counselor’s sexual identity can communicate important messages to the client

Nondiscloure: pros and cons
Disclosure: pros and cons
For LGBT counselors, it is important to have worked through issues with internalized heterosexism and biphobia

For heterosexual counselors, it is important to have worked through issues with heterosexism, biphobia and heterosexual privilege

Always use gender-neutral language!

Discourage heterosexist behavior: Refuse to laugh at jokes about sexual orientation

Display nonheterosexual behavior: Being equally affectionate with men and women

Use the term “partner”

Make office environment LGBT-friendly (ex: rainbow stickers)

Even if you do not identify as LGBT, you can proudly be a supporter of LGBT persons!
Same-Sex Attraction and Sexual Behavior
Positive attitudes associated with:
Being female
Being younger
High educational level
Not being religious or belonging to liberal religious denomination
Being politically liberal
Accepting nontraditional gender roles
Having positive interactions with G & L people
Attitudes and behavior that deny, devalue, or stigmatize and non-heterosexual form of community, relationship, identity, or behavior
Anti-gay jokes
School bullying
Religious condemnation
Rejection by family
Discrimination in housing and employment
Child custody battles
Lack of federal rights (marriage, inheritance, tax benefits)
Info courtesy of the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force
Bisexual Identity Issues
Common myths:
-bisexuals are “closeted” lesbians and gay men / are in denial of their homosexuality

-transitioning from hetero to homosexuality

-are indecisive and ambivalent

-unable to make relationship commitments

-need male and female relationships for personal satisfaction
Transgender Identity Issues
Transgender is the classification for many unique and unrelated identity categories (transgenderists, transexuals, intersex, transvestite, drag kings and queens)

Self-definition is complicated; dichotomous models of gender identity in U.S. culture invalidate the experience of gender fluidity

Counselors should be careful not to pathologize and to use proper terminology to identify clients

Client-centered, feminist, and constructivist therapies are effective (give the client a voice to tell their story/help them overcome powerlessness)

Potential struggle with gender dysphoria – may need help finding congruence between psych sense of gender, physical appearance, and behavior.
Coming out as bisexual can be difficult because of:
- fear of isolation and rejection

- lack of community social support / feeling marginalized

- identity confusion is common

- need to acknowledge and affirm both hetero and homosexual components of their identity (confusing and challenging bc of the dichotomous view of sexuality in the dominant culture)

- biphobia: fear or dislike of those who do not identify as hetero or homo. Manifests in the denial of the existence of bisexuality. Bi’s may suffer both rejection from the gay community for hetero privilege and rejection from the hetero community (viewed as amoral)
Common Myths about Bisexuality
Full transcript