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ANGOLA DEV PROJECT
Transcript of ANGOLA DEV PROJECT
00:35-01:33 Alternating rainy and dry seasons.
Semiarid in the South and along the coast to Luanda.
Short rainy season (February to April)
Summers: hot and dry
The cool, from June to September
The rainy, from October to May. Major bodies of water: Congo River,
Luena River. Largest city: Luanda (Capital)
Population: 19,618,432 AREAS FOR IMPROVEMENT? WATER SANITATION
BASIC HEALTH IMPROVEMENTS History 20-21st Century Why is Angola
impoverished? ECONOMIC GROWTH? Fastest growing economy:
Issue: growth lead to development HEALTH SYSTEMS WATER FACILITIES Only 18% of the rural population uses improved sanitation facilities. Only half (50%)of the population has access to safe drinking water. THE POVERTY CYCLE There are various reasons
why the life expectancy of Angola is ranked 202 with only 51 years old Half of the population lives under the threat of dying from poisoned water.
Only 50% have access to safe drinking water WHAT IS OUR GOAL? Portuguese colony
Trade partners: Portugal and Brazil
18th Century: enslaved population Limited portuguese investment in the country Focus on domestic production and exports
Land owners (farms) STRATEGY AND
PROJECT IDENTIFICATION PROJECT GOALS Targeted areas
North of Angola The solution Identify fields of action
To improve access and reliability to water service delivery
Water supply production capacity
Extension of the water distribution systems
Combat water related diseases Dispensers for safe water (provided by IPA, Innovations for poverty action) Following successful
models Impact Plan of Action Only 57 % of the total population has access to health facilities
World Bank: 70% live on less than $2 a day,
one in four children die before they reach 5 Water sanitation Why Water?
The water crisis (42% have access)
Health issues (51 life expectancy) M'banza-Kongo 30 years of internal conflict
Country's infrastructure damaged and undeveloped
Inefficient health and education systems
Isolation of rural areas
Landmines and unexploded bombs in countryside
Lack of roads and bridges
Infectious diseases due to water sanitation:
Cholera, Malaria, Diarrhoea Uíge Camabatela Budget 67,600 citizens 119,815 citizens 11,600 citizens 3mL dose of 1.25% sodium hypochlorite solution, 20L of clear water for up to 72 hours
Easy to use dispenser
Effective in 30 minuts
Public use (bandwagon effect) Cost? Less than 0.50$ per person a year Area of impact: 200,000 people
Budget: $45,000 US Promoters visit the dispenser every month to ensure functioning Regular reports on project activities Mid-term review of project progress The project's progress, outcomes and impact on beneficiaries are monitored to obtain data to evaluate
Ongoing studies Project implemented in Kenya
(420,000 people) : ongoing studies Smaller risk of water related diseases
Increase in life expectancy
Lower death rate
Break the cycle! The problem Diarrhea kills 20,000 kids yearly (3rd cause after Malaria and respiratory infections
Lack of clean water: highest mortality rate under 5 in the world
In 2003, Government created a water sector development strategy.
Inefficient: lack of strategies In 2006, 67,000 cases of cholera Bibliography http://www.poverty-action.org/safewater/solution
http://www.nytimes.com/2007/03/20/business/worldbusiness/20iht-angola.4966041.html?pagewanted=all "Poverty is the worst form of violence"
Mahatma Gandhi by Marta Palatchi, Mario Comes and Andrea Boza Program supervisors: $5,000
Advertising: $15,000 Financing the project Advertising to gain funds
Sponsors (multinational corporations)
eg, Coca Cola, Benetton Government support
Arrange for involvement 1976: War for independence More than 80% of the farming land abandoned by portuguese owners
30,000 technicians, anagers, skilled workers left the country
No trade with Portugal Nationalization of companies 3.8 million left the country MPLA in power, President Dos Santos
92% of exports oil industry, 7.5% diamond industry 2006: UNITA rebels sign peace treaty Economy has improved Years implementation: 10 years