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The Emergence of ESP

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Yassine Alaoui

on 9 May 2014

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Transcript of The Emergence of ESP

ESP Plan
The Emergence of ESP

Definition

Characteristics

Types

The Emergence of ESP
There are three main reasons for the emergence of ESP are:

- Expansion in science, technology and commerce generated a demand for an international language

- English became the language of technology and commerce

- This created a demand for a generation of learners who needed the language for the specific purposes of tech and commerce

Definition
English for specific purposes has been defined by many writers and researchers.
Mackay and Mountford

(1978)
indicated that the term ESP is generally used to refer to the teaching of English for a clear utilitarian purpose.

El-Minyawi(1984)
pinpointed that ESP courses are based solidly upon the need to express the facts and ideas of some special subjects after which the student should be able to read the specialized subjects confidently and speak about them fluently

.But for
Hutchinson and Waters (1987
), they defined it as an approach to language teaching in which all decisions as to content and method are based on the learner’s reason for learning

Characteristics of ESP:


Strevens(1988)
identified ESP characteristics as follows:

1. ESP consists of English language teaching designed to meet specified needs of the learner.

2. Related in content to particular disciplines, occupations and activities.

3. In contrast with general English.

4. Not taught according to any pre-ordained method.



English For Specific Purposes
ESP in brief is the use of a particular variety of English in a specific context of use and justified by needs of learners.
Evans and John (1998) modified Strevens’ characteristics to form their own, they offered a modified definition as follows:
ESP is defined to meet specific needs of the learner.
ESP is centered on the language, skills, discourse and genres appropriate to these activities.
ESP may be related to or designed for specific disciplines.
ESP may use a different methodology from that of general English.
ESP is likely to be designed for adult learners either at a tertiary level institution or in a professional work situation. It could, however, be for learners at secondary school level.
ESP is generally designed for intermediate or advanced students.

Evans and John (1998)

modified
Strevens
’ characteristics to form their own, they offered a modified definition as follows:

ESP is defined to meet specific needs of the learner.
ESP is centered on the language, skills, discourse and genres appropriate to these activities.
ESP may be related to or designed for specific disciplines.
ESP may use a different methodology from that of general English.
ESP is likely to be designed for adult learners either at a tertiary level institution or in a professional work situation. It could, however, be for learners at secondary school level.
ESP is generally designed for intermediate or advanced students.

Types of ESP
According to
Carter (1983)
, there are three types of ESP:

1. English as a restricted language:
The language used by air traffic controllers or by waiters are examples of English as a restricted language.
2. English for academic and occupational purposes:
English for science and technology(EST), English for Business and Economics(EBE), English for social studies(ESS), English for academic purposes(EAP), and English for occupational purposes (EOP).
3. English with specific topics:
This type concerned with anticipated future English needs of, for example, scientists requiring English for postgraduate reading studies, attending conferences or working in foreign institutions.


Garrit Abdeadim
and
Ismaili Yassine
Presented By
Full transcript