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UCM COR1004 Lecture Haen about Community

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Dirk Haen

on 5 November 2014

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Transcript of UCM COR1004 Lecture Haen about Community

Taking Community
Seriously

Dirk Haen
Department of Philosophy
Maastricht University
UCM Political Philosophy
Political Philosophy
Political Philosophy
individual
state
individual
state
community
Liberalism
the Right
the Good
is prior to
individual
chooses
capacity
with
the Good
the Good
the Good
the Good
or revises
what makes life worth living?
ends
goals
ambitions
values
virtues
the Right
capacity
capacity
capacity
protects
experiences
Communitarianism
Sandel
Taylor
the Good
choses
First comes the self...
...then his attachments.
Does this really make sense?
the Good
constitutes
Who I am...
...is defined by my ends.
The self is constituted by ends
Who I am
What I have
Who I am
What I have
"Just institutions would serve no purpose – would have no point – unless those institutions not only permitted but also sustained ways of life that citizens can affirm as worthy of their full allegiance. A conception of political justice must contain within itself sufficient space, as it were, for ways of life that can gain devoted support. In a phrase: justice draws the limit, the good shows the point."
"The unencumbered self "rules out the possibility of what we might call constitutive ends. No role or commitment could define me so completely that I could not understand myself without it. No project could be so essential that turning away from it would call into question the person I am"
the Good
traditions
memory
family
friends
teachers
authors
stories
Community
habits
colleagues
Politics of the common good
language
source
Rationality
To be rational means to be prepared to revise each and every conviction you have, but not all convictions at once.
Wilfrid Sellars
moral belief
moral belief
moral belief
moral belief
moral belief
moral belief
moral belief
moral belief
The situated self
moral belief
moral belief
the Right
citizenship
solidarity
family life
loyalty
the Good
individual
chooses
capacity
with
or revises
Formal freedom
Effective freedom
capacity
with
the good
A.
B.
C.
chooses
Rich social structure
A neutral state is blind to the importance of this cultural matrix
condition for freedom
depends on
true friendship means...
philosophers
suck
be kind to
animals
Trust nobody
Make money!!!
Dialogue
Rights and obligations
If we demand the right to freely choose from these conceptions of the good...

...we also have the obligation to sustain
the richness and diversity of our culture.
Atomism vs. the Social Thesis
individual
has
capacity
individualism
rights!
individual
has
capacity
responsibilities!
therefore
therefore
develop
exercise
community
“The free individual, the bearer of rights, can only assume this identity thanks to his relationship to a developed liberal civilization.

The free individual who affirms himself as such already has an obligation to complete, restore, or sustain the society within which this identity is possible”
social thesis
obligation
state action
politics of the
common good?
“Given our history and the traditions embedded in our public life, justice as fairness is the most reasonable doctrine for us. We can find no better charter for the social world.”
{thin}
{thick}
Communitarian flavour
“No man and no mind
was ever emancipated
merely by being left alone.”

Does not take individualism for granted

Recognizes that moral and political reason
cannot do without conceptions of the good

Highlights the importance of social conditions
for exercise of individual freedom

John Dewey
The art of public debate
Multiculturalism
How to deal with the diversity of communities
within the modern liberal democratic society?

Not only individuals have rights;
also minority groups have rights.
Politics of equal liberties
Equal human dignity:
Live your own life and not the life designed by others
Identity emerges from monologue
Politics of recognition
Recognition of difference:
A life worth living is a life recognized by others
Identity emerges from dialogue
“Everyone should be recognized for his or her unique identity. But recognition here means something else. With the politics of equal dignity, what is established is meant to be universally the same, an identical basket of rights and immunities; with the politics of difference, what we are asked to recognize is the unique identity of this individual or group, their distinctness from everyone else.”
We're the same... and we're different
Moral limits to the free market
health care
education
family life
nature
art
civic duties
These things become corrupted
once we turn them
(unknowingly) into commodities
“We drifted from having a free market economy to being a market society”
How to evaluate goods?
$$$$$$$
Debate
or
“We have to decide how to value the goods in question... These are moral and political questions, not merely economic ones. To resolve them, we have to debate, case by case, the moral meaning of these goods and the proper way of valuing them.”
the good
the good
the good
the good
the good
the good
the good
the good
the good
the good
the good
the good
the good
the good
the good
the good
the good
the good
Full transcript