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Fiji

My Intercultural Communications Project Prezi
by

Jenna Johnston

on 16 May 2011

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Transcript of Fiji

Fiji Capital: Suva More than 332 islands, 110 of which are permanently inhabited. Total area of 75,000 square miles, 10% of which is land Population: 905,949 Location Oceania, island group in the South Pacific Ocean, about two-thirds of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand Geographic coordinates: 18 S, 175 E Population The population of Fiji is mostly made up of native Fijians (54.3%), who are Melanesians, although many also have Polynesian ancestry. Indo-Fijians also make up 38.1% of Fiji's population. Indo-Fijians are descendants of Indian contract labourers brought to the islands by the British colonial powers in the 19th century. 1.2% Rotuman Total membership of other ethnic groups of Pacific Islanders: 7,300 There are also small but economically significant
groups of Europeans, Chinese, and other Pacific island minorities. Religion Indigenous Fijians are mostly
Christian (97.2% at the 1996 census), and the
Indo-Fijians mostly Hindu (70.7%) and Muslim (17.9%). The largest Christian denomination is the Methodist Church of Fiji and Rotuma Roman Catholics (8.9%) The Assemblies of God (4%) The Seventh-day Adventists (2.9%) The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons) (2.2%) Climate The climate in Fiji is tropical marine and warm most of the year round with minimal extremes The warm season is from November till April and the cooler season May to October. The cool season still averages about 72 degrees Fahrenheit. Rainfall is variable, the warmer season experiences heavier rainfall, especially inland. Winds are moderate, though cyclones occur about once a year (10–12 times per decade). Economy Fiji is one of the more developed of the Pacific island economies. Natural resources include timber, fish, gold, copper, offshore oil potential, hydropower Sugar exports and a rapidly growing tourist industry are the major sources of foreign exchange. Fiji is highly dependent on tourism for revenue. Sugar processing makes up one-third of industrial activity. Culture Fiji's culture is made up of indigenous, Indian, Chinese and European traditions, comprising social policy, language, food, costume, belief systems, architecture, arts, craft, music, dance and sports. Fijian culture has evolved with the introduction of old cultures such as the Indian and Chinese. They also have a large influence from Europe and various Pacific neighbors of Fiji, mainly the Tongan and Samoan. The indigenous culture is very much active and living, and is a part of everyday life for the majority of the population. Holidays New Year's Day Good Friday Easter Sunday Easter Monday National Youth Day Ratu Sir Lala Sukuna Day Queen's Birthday Fiji Day Diwali Christmas Day Boxing Day Tourism Fiji has a significant amount of tourism. Many people go to the Nadi and Denarau islands. The biggest sources of international visitors by country are Australia, New Zealand and the USA. More budget resorts are being opened in remote areas, which provides more tourism opportunities. Language Fijian is an Austronesian language of the Malayo-Polynesian family spoken in Fiji. 350,000 people speak Fijian as a first language, that is less than half the population. But 200,000 speak it as a second language. English Fiji Hindi English Fijian
Hello/hi- ni sa bula
Good morning- ni sa yadra
Goodbye- sa moce Sports National and favorite sport of Fiji is Rugby Association football-also known as soccer-is also popular in Fiji which participates in the Oceania Football Confederation. They defeated New Zealand 2–0 in the 2008 OFC Nations Cup. Volleyball Cricket Netball Field Hockey Baseball Basketball Football Hockey Horse Racing Motor Sports History According to Fijian legend, the great chief Lutunasobasoba led his people across the seas to the new land of Fiji. The first discovery of Fiji was made in 1643 by the Dutch explorer, Abel Tasman and English navigators including Captain James cook who found Fiji in 1774 and made additional discoveries in the 18th century. Major credit for the discovery and recording of the islands went to Captain William Bligh who sailed through Fiji after the mutiny on the Bounty in 1789. Europeans arrived in the mid 19th century. Indians came to Fiji from 1879-1916 to work on the sugar plantations. Cannibalism was practiced early in Fijian history but soon disappeared in 1854 when the country followed Ratu Seru Cakobau's acceptance of Christianity. Government Politics of Fiji normally take place as a parliamentary representative democratic republic. In this, the Prime Minister is the head of government, and the President is the head of state. Multi-party system-Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Parliament of Fiji. The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. The military has been either ruling directly, or heavily influencing governments since 1987. Since their independence, there have been four changes of government in Fiji. Two in 1987, one in 2000, and one in 2006. Educational System Education of Fiji is taken care of by the government, but most schools are managed by local committees or racial communities. A perscon can get admitted to the secondary schools by appearing in the competitive exams and paying a certain ammount of fees, which are reduced by the government. Fiji has a high literacy rate of 91.6%. More than 85% of children ages 6.13 attend primary school. Primary school consists of 8 years, ages 6-14. A certificate is awarded after completion and the student is then eligible for secondary and eventually higher education. Health, Sanitation, and Medical Facilities. Lautoka hospital- Located in Lautoka in western Fiji, provides world class health care. Most health care centers are in urban areas and handle routine medical problems. Rural health care centers' staff and medical supplies are limited. Emergency response and ambulance availability are limited all over the country. Recreation Diving Golf Rugby Snorkeling Surfing Trekking Walking Tours Food The native Fijians, along with the Indo-Fijians, prefer to use their hands while eating. The Fiji food is eaten on the floor and the members sit on the mat. Traditional Fijian foods mainly consist of rice, sweet potatoes, tarro, cassava, coconut, and fish. National Specialties of Fiji:
•Kakoda
•Duruka
•Lovo
•Rourou
•Breadfruit Alcohol is only served in the licensed hotels and bars. The favorite national drinks of Fiji are Carlton, Fiji Bitter, Meridan Moselle and Suvanna Moselle. Scuba diving is a common tourist attraction because Fiji has a significant amount of soft coral reefs. Cited Pictures. http://www.fijihealth.org/images/copy__1__offiji_12-04_397_4bfd.jpg http://www.kokenge.com/vacations/fiji/images/fiji2.jpg http://www.naia.com.fj/cms/uploads/fiji/content/fiji-climate.gif http://www.thegreenpages.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2011/03/SugarCane11.jpg http://acelebrationofwomen.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/10/FIJI-PEOPLE.jpg http://www.ship-of-fools.com/mystery/2008/media/levuka_redeemer.jpg http://www.travelworks.co.uk/uploads/tx_templavoila/scuba-diving-volunteering-fiji.jpg http://static.guim.co.uk/sys-images/Sport/Pix/pictures/2008/11/1/1225539214857/Fiji-v-France-Rugby-Leagu-004.jpg http://wa2.portal.unesco.org/education/en//files/40170/11763688131fiji1.jpg/fiji1.jpg http://www.radiofiji.com.fj/news_images/31877CBTWx.jpg http://images.travelnow.com/hotelimages/s/009000/009555D.jpg http://www.fijihoneymoon.com/fiji-resorts/images/Nanuya-Dining-Lobster.jpg http://www.thenibble.com/reviews/main/beverages/waters/images/Fiji_water_1.jpg http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_mwWtiZ0to7E/TPF92szyvxI/AAAAAAAABMI/-OW0U7P6ITY/s1600/fiji.jpg http://www.ozfiji.com/images/BaTeam.jpg http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Yas96wav-24 http://www.paradiseinfiji.com/blogimages/Complimentary%20activities/learn%20to%20spek%20Fijian.jpg http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CXAQkhno-3E http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3554/3370572814_5e3326f414.jpg Cited Work. http://www.fiji.gov.fj/ http://www.polynesia.com/fiji/history-and-discovery.html http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0107509.html http://www.mapsofworld.com/fiji/history.html http://www.asiarooms.com/en/travel-guide/fiji/fiji-overview/history-of-fiji.html http://travel.state.gov/travel/cis_pa_tw/cis/cis_1114.html http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/country_profiles/1300477.stm http://www.fijiguide.com/ Transportation and Communication Systems General Attitudes and Values Fiji is strongly connected to the traditional ties based on family and community. They are content with their living standards, despite what we would consider a “third-world” living condition. Their values lie within the truth that the community they live in is valued above all else. They value the dollar because it brings comfort to their lives that they would otherwise not have. Family The Fijians’ children are usually very happy, socially well-adjusted, and well-behaved.  Parents of cross cousins are treated the same as biological parents A child's father’s sister is referred to as Nei or aunt where as a child's mother’s brother is referred to as momo. Family structure is very hierarchical, which means it is led by a strong figure whose authority cannot be questioned. Dating, Marriage, and Weddings In traditional Fijian society, men were permitted to have more than one wife at a time. The more wives a man had, the higher his social status. Once a couple is married, they usually live in the house of the groom's father. It is tradtional for the male to ask the father for his daughter's hand in marriage and present him with a whale's tooth as a gift. This symbolizes status and wealth. There is a lot of traditional music and dancing at wedding receptions. They also exchange many gifts between the bride's and groom's families. Social and Economic Levels Employed workers are eligible for retirement, disability, and survivor benefits, to which they contribute 7% of their wages, matched by their employers. Ethnic Fijians predominate in senior government positions and in the ownership of land. Indo-Fijians are sometimes subject to discrimination. The constitution provides women with equal rights and includes affirmative action provisions for the disadvantaged. Elders are treated with great respect. Work Jobs are not easy to find. There are very few oportunities and low salaries. Their lifestlyes rely on endless work and the strength of the community. The economic growth has led to the need for more workers in the forestry, mineral, fishing, tourism, garment and sugar industries. Many people participate in the big industry of sugar production. Greetings The most common greeting among indigenous Fijians is "Bula!", which means health. In more formal situations a handshake might be added, and people may continue polite conversation for some time before they let go. Among native Fijians, tilting the head down while speaking to someone shows respect. When people are related or have an established relationship, they may greet by reference to that relationship rather than by using their first names. Traveling 371 miles of private rail system- serves most of sugar producing areas. 27 airports in 2001 126 miles of in-land water ways. As of 2002, Fiji had 2,138 miles of main roads. Only 1,951 miles were paved. 3,329 vehicles were registered in 2001. The Nadi International Airport is located 9 km north of central Nadi and is the largest Fijian hub. Nausori International Airport is about 23 kilometres northeast of downtown Suva. Fiji's larger islands have extensive bus routes that are affordable and consistent in service. There are bus stops, and in rural areas buses are often simply hailed as they approach. Personal Appearance Fijians are cool and casual dressers and generally prefer light dressing in any time of the day. Traditional Fiji Clothing is known as “Sulu” and is very handy. One dress can be worn to more than one occasion. Both men and women wear skirts. Elderly women wear floor length dresses and skirts. Shorter ones are more for the younger generation. Nonverbal Behavior Do not use fingers to point. Use a lot of eye and eyebrow movements. Rarely say yes verbally. Use a nod of the head to point out directions or get a person's attention. Visiting It is normal for people to invite you in to eat when you are walking down the street. It is tradition to bring a gift for the host when invited. Shake hands and ask many personal questions. Wearing shoes inside is rude. Wearing a hat insults the head chief. Communicating Interpersonally The people of Fiji are very kind. They speak softly to one another. Speaking loudly or raising your voice is considered a sign of aggravation. http://www.taveuniislandresorts.com/image-expand/fiji-beach-wedding-taveuni-palms.jpg
http://www.jtb-oceania.com/images/outbound/outbound-train.jpg
http://gallery.matavuvale.com/photos/main.php?g2_view=core.DownloadItem&g2_itemId=65909&g2_serialNumber=2
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http://tunaseiners.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2009/11/fiji_fish_workers.jpg
http://www.robinallen.com/images/nno7.jpg
http://www.coconutgrovefiji.com/images/stories/taveuni_faces_places/fijian-family2.jpg
http://my.hsj.org/Portals/2/Schools/1460/Article320267_gift%20(1).jpg
http://www.ecocentricblog.org/images/photos/thumbv3.php?src=monoply.jpg&w=544&h=270&zc=1&q=85
http://fiji.me/wp-content/uploads/2009/06/air20pacific20737-700.jpg
http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_5_gnhmCjS1o/S9Ju3leetAI/AAAAAAAAAiU/xhC-IDlYA3o/s1600/handshake.jpg
http://www.liveantares.com/features/missjody/FijianLadies.jpg
http://www.seafiji.com/images/FijiGuide/Fijian%20Bure.jpg
http://www.travelvivi.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/02/fiji.jpg
http://www.acadweb.wwu.edu/ipe/abroad/img/fiji.jpg
http://www.citypictures.net/r-islands-223-fiji-islands-2630.htm
http://exclusivetravelblog.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/07/Fiji-Beaches.jpg http://www.taveuniislandresorts.com/image-expand/fiji-beach-wedding-taveuni-palms.jpg
http://www.jtb-oceania.com/images/outbound/outbound-train.jpg
http://gallery.matavuvale.com/photos/main.php?g2_view=core.DownloadItem&g2_itemId=65909&g2_serialNumber=2
http://lh4.ggpht.com/_roTYAkmCH6k/S5-fHtWeBiI/AAAAAAAAHhU/ljHvG43ZUl4/No%20pointing%20Finger_thumb%5B12%5D.jpg
http://tunaseiners.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2009/11/fiji_fish_workers.jpg
http://www.robinallen.com/images/nno7.jpg
http://www.coconutgrovefiji.com/images/stories/taveuni_faces_places/fijian-family2.jpg
http://my.hsj.org/Portals/2/Schools/1460/Article320267_gift%20(1).jpg
http://www.ecocentricblog.org/images/photos/thumbv3.php?src=monoply.jpg&w=544&h=270&zc=1&q=85
http://fiji.me/wp-content/uploads/2009/06/air20pacific20737-700.jpg
http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_5_gnhmCjS1o/S9Ju3leetAI/AAAAAAAAAiU/xhC-IDlYA3o/s1600/handshake.jpg
http://www.liveantares.com/features/missjody/FijianLadies.jpg
http://www.seafiji.com/images/FijiGuide/Fijian%20Bure.jpg
http://www.travelvivi.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/02/fiji.jpg
http://www.acadweb.wwu.edu/ipe/abroad/img/fiji.jpg
http://www.citypictures.net/r-islands-223-fiji-islands-2630.htm
http://exclusivetravelblog.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/07/Fiji-Beaches.jpg http://www.fiji.gov.fj/
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