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Child Abuse and Domestic Violence

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Sarah Osaheni

on 14 January 2013

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Transcript of Child Abuse and Domestic Violence

Olivia Nadel, Sarah Osaheni, and Amelia Berry Child Abuse and Domestic Violence Child Abuse and
Domestic Violence Child Abuse- The physical, sexual, or emotional mistreatment or neglect of a child or children.
There are four categories of abuse: Neglect, physical, psychological/emotional, and Sexual

Domestic Violence- A pattern of abusive behaviors by one partner against another in an intimate relationship such as marriage, dating, family, or cohabitation Groups Affected: Children
Women
Men Within the district, town, state, and country, people have been affected by both of these issues. In many abusive situations, the ultimate result is serious injuries and in some cases death. EVERYONE Statistics Every year there are 3.3 million cases of child abuse in America.
Every day 5 children die due to child abuse.
The USA has the worst record of child abuse.
Out of all cases of child abuse...
2.4% is medical neglect
8.1% is psychological maltreatment
9.2% is sexual abuse
17.6% is physical abuse
78.3% is neglect
80% of the children who die are under the age of 4
30% of abused children grow up to abuse their children
In New York in 2009 24,605 children were placed in foster care
In New York in 2008 there were 63,075 reports of child abuse Of Child Abuse Statistics Of Domestic Violence One in four woman are abused.
Woman are more likely to be abused than men.
Domestic violence is the leading cause of injuries to woman.
95% of victims are female.
95-98% of perpetrators are male.
4 woman die daily due to domestic violence. Domestic Violence
Background Throughout history, social and legal traditions have been tolerated and even promoted physically assaulting women. Punishment of wives is called chastisement, and it emphasizes the corrective purpose of action used when abusing your wife. Examples in history:
- In Ancient Rome, a husband could legally divorce, physically punish, and kill his wife for behaviors that were otherwise permitted for men. Women were seen as a piece of property to their husbands, and they had no say over how they were treated.
-In Medieval English Common Law, a wife could not refuse consent for sex to her husband. Because the U.S. law is modeled against the English, the definition of rape remained in effect until the 1970s, which did not include a man raping his wife. In the past few decades, women have increasingly gained a more important role in society and politics. Because of these accomplishments, the mistreatment of women has gained more attention. Today, women are seen as equal, and treating them as inferiors is not tolerated. 1964- The first shelter for battered women is established.
1994- Congress passes the Violence Against Women Act which provides $800 million from federal funds to state and local programs to combat domestic violence.
2013- The NOW (National Organization for Women) focuses on improving the status of women, and speaks out against domestic violence. Child Abuse
Background Throughout history, children were considered
their parent's property, and their parents had the authority to sell, kill, and sacrifice their own children as a form of punishment or however they saw fit. If a child was born deformed, weak, or disabled in Ancient Rome, it was not unusual for Roman fathers to declare them unfit to live. The first known case of child abuse in North America was in 1873, and it was this case that led to the founding of the New York Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Children in 1874.

The story: Mary Ellen Wilson was nine years old. Mrs.Etta Wheeler was a church worker who found her in her New York home shackled to her bed, malnourished, scarred, and badly beaten. When Etta reported this to the authorities, they turned her away. She then petitioned to the ASPCA on the idea that children are members of the Animal Kingdom and must be protected. Her trial was taken to the supreme court, and her adopted parents were sentenced to jail. Present Day:
In 1974, CAPTA (Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act) was founded.
Because of radiology and x-rays, physical abuse began to be noticed in the 1960s.
Besides physical abuse, other types of abuse have recently received attention.
In the 1970s, sexual abuse has surfaced as well as in the 1980s, emotional abuse has been recognized.
It continues today to be a large issue in the country. Assault- the intent to frighten someone into thinking that they will face bodily harm

Battery- and unlawful use of physical force on someone including beating or offensive touching with out consent

Misdemeanor- less serious, punishable by fine or imprisonment in a city or county jail rather than a prison.

Felony an offense for which a sentence to a term of imprisonment in excess of one year is authorized, includes rape murder Important Terms Public Policy A system of laws, regulatory measures courses of action, and funding priorities concerning a given topic promulgated by a governmental entity or its representatives Domestic Violence Charges The perpetrator is charged with a felony if the victim is seriously injured including certain assault murder rape kidnapping

If the victim suffers minor injuries than the perpetrator is charged with a misdemenor. this includes coercion, breaking and entering, stalking etc. Child Abuse Charges In most cases the offender is charged with a felony with a maximum of lifetime sentence depending on other circumstances.

In most cases if it is the first time that the perpetrator has committed a sex crime than the charges are drastically reduced How is the Government Currently Trying to Reduce Domestic Violence and Child Abuse? convicted perpetrator loses his/her right to possess a fire arm for life

non citizens can be deported or denied citizenship

once the charges are filed they cannot be dropped without the judge's approval

offenders are require to be arrested within 4 hours of the report

offenders are required to turn over all weapons

October is national domestic violence awareness month Public Policies Currently in Place Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) provided 1.6 billion toward the investigation and prosecution of violent crimes against women in 1994

December 2010 Congress reauthorized the Child abuse prevention and treatment (CATPTA) Our Public Policy forcible touching should be changed from a misdemeanor to a felony

perpetrators of any form of domestic violence and child abuse should be registered as sex offenders

the government should increase funding for programs to prevent domestic violence and child abuse and educate the public Because these crimes generally take place in private location, we could not create a policy that would directly prevent domestic violence from happening without violating constitutional rights.

Instead we focused on a policy they that would serve as a deterrent for the perpetrators and as a comfort for victims. Our Public Policy How This Would Work We believe that the overwhelming majority of the public is against domestic violence and child abuse. Increasing the severity of the charges and punishments would not be difficult to pass. However most importantly funding needs to be available. Because of the poor economical condition the country has been in more people are at risk for abuse. Places like New York City have drastically reduced their funding for domestic violence from 4 million to 2.5. We feel that the government should invest in the protection of its people by raising the funding back to where it was and using the money to further educate the public and serve the victims. Works Cited
"Discusses past and current history of child abuse ." Child Abuse: Effects, Statistics, Types and Stories of Abuse. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2013. <http://www.child-abuse-effects.com/history.html>.

"Overview of Domestic Violence." SCCAVASA | SC Coalition Against Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2013. <http://www.sccadvasa.org/domestic-violence-facts-and-stats/overview-of-domestic-violence.html>.
"Statement by the Vice President on the Eighteenth Anniversary of the Violence Against Women Act | The White House." The White House. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2013. <http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2012/09/13/statement-vice-president-eighteenth-anniversary-violence-against-women-a>. Childhelp. "National Child Abuse Statistics | Childhelp." Prevention and Treatment of Child Abuse | Childhelp. Childhelp, n.d. Web. 3 Jan. 2013. <http://www.childhelp.org/pages/statistics?gclid=CJaM_N3czLQCFUQw4AodNC8AOQ>.
• "Domestic Violence - Statistics." Turning Point AL. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Jan. 2013. <http://www.turningpointservices.org/Domestic%20Violence%20-%20Statistics.htm>. • "Statistics on Child Abuse and Neglect- CASANYS." CASA: Advocates For Children in NY State. Advocates for Children of NYS, 16 June 2010. Web. 3 Jan. 2013. <http://www.casanys.org/sta_abuse.htm>. Staff , Avvo . "Domestic Violence Charges ." Avvo Expert Advice When You Need It Most. Avvo. Web. 14 Jan 2013.

. "New-York-Defense-Lawyer." Charged With a Sex Offense Crime in New York?. Get Lawyer Leads. Web. 14 Jan 2013.

. "New-York-Defense-Lawyer." Assault Charge in New York?. Get Lawyer Leads. Web. 14 Jan 2013.
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