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Copy of Traveling the Silk Road: Dunhuang to Kashgar (Southern Route)

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Maryam Alwy

on 3 September 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Traveling the Silk Road: Dunhuang to Kashgar (Southern Route)

The South Route: Dunhuang to Kashgar
The Silk Road
Kashgar
Dunhuang
Type of Terrain
Interesting Sights
Dangers
Qualifications of Caravan Leaders

Small oasis surrounded by high mountains, deserts, and Dang River
Located in Gobi desert in Gansu
Perched on the edge of the Taklamakan Desert
2 important passes on the western frontier during Han: The Great Wall Yumenguan Pass and Yangguan Pass

Rate of Travel
Type of Terrain
Near the border with Pakistan
Located at the west of the Taklamakan Desert at the feet of the Tian Shan mountain range
Situated at the foot of the Pamir mountains
Crossroads of Asia; Routes divide
Interesting Sights
Karakuri Lake
- Surrounded by a series of mountains
- Grassland with roaming flocks and herds.
- Yurts and frame houses of the Tajik ethnic group by lakeside
Bazaar
- Divided into two sections
- Largest garden aggregate market of Kashgar City
- 128 B.C.: Prosperous market full of goods and merchants from different
countries
- Sells various things
- Arts and crafts of Pakistan, scarves of Turkey, dry fruits of Saudi Arabia all can
be bought here
Stone City
- The junction of the middle route and southern route of the ancient Silk Road
- Where roads from Kashgar, Shache, Yingjisha and Yecheng to the Pamirs meet
- Capital of Puli Country in Western Regions during Han Dynasty
- Built on a mound of 20 meters high
3 Immortals Buddhist Caves
- One of the earliest Buddhist caves in western China (Han Dynasty)
- 3 caves
- Legend about carvings and paintings
Mogao Grottoes (“Caves of the Thousand Buddhas”)
- Painted Buddhist caves
- Created over nine dynasties (4th - 14th
centuries).
- 492 caves
Yumenguan Pass ("Jade-Gate Pass")
- Crucial gateway from central China to the western regions
- Build by Han WuTi
Yangguan Pass
- Welcomed the return of Xuan Zang
Crescent Spring
- Natural wonder in the Gobi Desert
Echoing-Sand Mountain
- Mountain that echoes to the sound of sand
- Legend behind the sound of the rushing sand
White Horse Pagoda
- Built to pay respect to evangelizing monks
- White Horse Pagoda keeps its original beauty
- Legend behind the building
Must not have motion sickness
Must know how to handle horses
Must not have discomfort with heights (ex. altitude sickness)
Should have some knowledge about the Chinese and Uyghur language
Ability to negotiate and discern whether products are real or worth the price (ex. gems)
Should know the pathways through the Taklamakan desert and have connections to local guides
Must know where oasis stops are located to stop for relief
Should know/ have connections with the inns in major city stops (Turpan and Urumqi)
Should bring enough water and know how to handle with sick people of they become ill due to tough traveling and bad weather

Taklamakan Desert sometimes referred as "Sea of Death"
Starvation
Thirst
Bandits
Can be killed by extreme weather condtions-ferocious sandstorms
Caves said to be dangerous and suggested to be avoided
Dunes are often difficult to climb under the heat(can travel in the evening when it's cooler

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Crescent Moon Spring, Crescent Lake. Photograph. Dunhuang. China Tour. Web. 16 Jan. 2012. <http://yeschinatour.com/static/photologue/photos/cache/crescent-spring-dunhuang-01_leading.jpg>.
White Horse Pagoda (Bai Ma Ta). Photograph. Dunhuang. Top China Tours. Web. 16 Jan. 2012. <http://www.topchinatours.net/photo/Travel-Photos/Gansu/Dunhuang/White-Horse-Pagoda/White-Horse-Pagoda-1.jpg>.
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