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Rites of the Sacrament of Anointing of the Sick
Transcript of Rites of the Sacrament of Anointing of the Sick
By: Kristina Palmisano, Michelle Baldassare, Rachel Wills, and Austin Saunders
Rite of Anointing
~the sacrament of Anointing of the Sick is a true celebration of God's faithful and healing love
~the sacrament is intended to be celebrated in a communal setting because sickness and death affect the entire church
~the sacrament may take place in the family home, a hospital, a convalescent home, a hospice, or a parish church
~the sacrament may be for a single sick person or a group of sick people depending on need
~the priest or bishop wears white vestments when performing the celebration
~if the Rites of Anointing takes place during mass, it occurs after the homily
~the sick person(s) and all those present are encouraged to take part in the Sacrament of Penance before Mass to receive Communion during Mass
~if the Rite takes place outside of Mass, those who are to be anointed are encouraged o celebrate the Sacrament of Penance first
The Essential Rite of Anointing of the Sick
~consists of the anointing of the forehead and hands of the sick person in the Roman rite, or other parts of the body in Eastern rite, while accompanied by a prayer of the celebrant asking for a special grace of the sacrament
~the new Rite of Anointing of the Sick consists of eight parts: Introductory Rites, Liturgy of the Word, Litany or Prayer of the Faithful, Laying on of Hands, Blessing of Oil, Prayer of Thanksgiving, Anointing with Oil, and Prayer after the Anointing.
~this is only for those who are dying that wish to receive the Sacrament of Anointing of the Sick
~it is the persons last reception of the Eucharist and it strengthens them and reminds them of Christ's promise of resurrection
~all Catholic who receive the Eucharist can receive this
~if possible try to receive this at Mass
~if a dying person cannot receive Jesus' Body in the form of consecrated bread, he or she may receive his Blood under the species of consecrated wine
~ordinary minister is a priest but if there is no priest available a deacon can minster the sacrament
~renewal of Baptism vows
~try to participate in the Sacrament of Penance
~priest is the minister of the Sacrament
~intro into the Church's instruction of the sacrament is called the "Pastoral Care of the Sick: Rites of Anointing and Viaticum."
-this asks the priest to care for the sick through visits and personal acts of kindness
~Sacrament should be celebrated as follows:
-sick person should be anointed before surgery when a dangerous illness is the reason
-elderly people may be anointed if they are weakened but no serious illness is present
- sick children may be anointed if there is a sufficient reason to administer the sacrament
-sick people who have lost consciousness or use of reason
~the sacrament may only be repeated if the sick person recovers only to have the illness return ad become more serious
~if the person has already died and the priest prays for them and does not administer the sacrament
~if the priest is unsure if the person is dead, he may administer the sacrament conditionally
~a bishop blesses the oil for the sick for his diocese at Mass of the Lord's Supper on Holy Thursday
~The priest or bishop greets the sick person(s) and gathered assembly.
~Then the priest explains what will happen and says the following:
~this is part of the Introductory Rite and takes place only if the person does not receive confession before the Sacrament of Anointing of the Sick
Liturgy of the Word
~may consist of a first reading (usually from the O.T.), a Responsorial Psalm, second reading (usually from the N.T.), a Gospel acclamation, a Gospel reading, and a homily given by the presiding priest or bishop
~in cases such as impending death, the Liturgy of the Word may be shortened considerably.
Litany (Prayer of the Faithful)
~these prayers are adapted for particular situations
Laying on of Hands
~the priest lays his hands on the head of the sick person(s)
~in silence, the priest prays over the sick in the faith of the church
~the priest, in name of the whole church, calls on God to come and fill his healing presence
Blessing of Oil
~at the Holy Thursday Mass of the Lord's Supper, before the end of the Eucharistic Prayer or at the end of the Liturgy of the Word, representatives from each parish process to the sanctuary with the Oil of the Sick, Sacred Chrism, and Oil of Catechumens
~the bishop blesses the Oil of the Sick
~in case of necessity, any priest, who is the minister of the Anointing of the Sick, may bless the oil as part of the sacrament
~the priest uses the same words as the bishop at the Chrism Mass
Prayer of Thanksgiving
~using the blessed Oil of the Sick, the priest continues with the following prayer:
Anointing with Oil of the Sick
~in the Roman Rite, the priest (or bishop) anoints the forehead of the sick person(s) saying "through this holy anointing may the Lord in the love and mercy help you with the grace of the Holy Spirit"
~then he anoints the hands of the sick person "May the Lord who frees you from sin save you and raise you up"
~the sick person answers "Amen"
Prayer after Anointing
~after all the anointment's have taken place, the priest says a prayer: