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C4- SUSTAINABLE RECREATION
Transcript of C4- SUSTAINABLE RECREATION
1979 – ROS (Recreation Opportunity Spectrum)
1985 – LAC (Limits of Acceptable Change)
1985 – VAMP (Visitor Activity Management Process)
1990 – VIM (Visitor Impact Management)
1993 – VERP (Visitor Experience Resource Protection
1996 – TOMM (Tourism Optimisation Management Model)
RECREATION OPPORTUNITY SPECTRUM (ROS)
LIMIT OF ACCEPTABLE CHANGE
LEISURE AND RECREATION
HASLINDA BINTI RAMLI A12A124
AFFAIZOL BIN NOR AFFRI A12A745
NOR AFIQAH BINTI MAMAT A12B729
SURIA HANIM BINTI ASHARI A12B741
NURANIZA BINTI KAMARUDIN A12A450
MOHD KURNIAH FERRY BIN JUNAIDI A12A267
NUR HIDAYAH BINTI MUHAMMAD NOOR A12A426
SITI NUR AMIRAH BT MAHAMAD HEDDEMI A12A583
TUAN ELANI SULIANA BINTI TUAN MOKHTAR A12A656
NOR HIDAYATUL HUDA BINTI MOHD HUSSAIN A12A359
1. Inventory and map the 3 perspectives that affect the experience of the visitor, namely the physical, social and managerial components.
2. Complete analysis:
Identify setting inconsistencies
Define recreation opportunity classes
Integrate with forest management activities
Identify conflicts and recommend mitigation
5. Execute projects
Step of the Process (ROS)
Vital for eco-system management and the level of human modifications that suitable for landscape.
It is also the best approach to determine the balancing between ecology and tourist’s attractions.
Giving the exact guidelines to management on recreationists’ interest in choosing the recreation activities.
To achieve the balancing between recreation’s use and natural ecology welfare at the area.
To give the guideline on associate facilities provided as well as the suitable parks classes offered at any areas.
General Steps of the Management Plan Process
1. Produce a project terms of reference.
2. Confirm existing park purpose and objectives statements.
3. Organize a database describing park ecosystem and settings, potential visitor educational and recreational
opportunities, existing visitor activities and services and the regional context.
4. Analyze the existing situation to identify heritage themes, resources capability and suitability, appropriate
visitor activities, the park’s role in the region and the role of the private sector.
5. Produce alternative visitor activity concepts for these settings, experiences to be supported, visitor market
segments, levels of service guidelines and roles of the region and the private sector.
6.Create a park management plan, including the park’s purpose and role, management objectives and
guidelines, regional relationships and the role of the private sector.
7. Implementation – set of priorities of park conservation and park service planning.
Process provides for a balanced use of scientific and judgmental considerations. It places heavy emphasis on understanding causal factors to identify management strategies. The process also provides a classification of management strategies and a matrix for evaluating them.
The process does not make use of ROS, although it could. It is written to address current conditions of impact, rather than to assess potential impacts.
Steps of process :
1. Conduct pre-assessment database review
2. Review management objectives
3. Select key indicators
4. Select standards for key impact indicators
5. Compare standards and existing conditions
6. Identify probable causes of impacts
7. Identify management strategies
Step of process
1. Assemble and interdisciplinary project
2. Develop a public involvement strategy.
3. Develop statements of park purpose,
significance and primary interpretive
themes, identify planning mandates and
4. Analyze park resources and existing
5. Describe a potential range of visitor
experiences and resource conditions
(potential prescriptive zones).
6. Allocate the potential zones to specific
locations within the park (prescriptive
7. Select indicators and specify standards for
each zone, develop a monitoring plan.
8. Monitor resource and social indicators.
9. Take management actions.
Visitor Experience Resource Protection (VERP)
Tourism Optimisation Management Model (TOMM)
HOW DO WE CREATE QUALITY VISITOR EXPERIENCES ?
Know what you are dealing with !
WHO are your visitors?
WHAT are they doing?
WHY are they doing it?
WHERE are they doing it?
Recreation Opportunity Spectrum (ROS)
Limits of Acceptable Change (LAC)
Caring for the outdoor activities
Best practices for sustainable recreation
Developed to monitor and manage visitors
The conceptual emphasis of TOMM is on achieving optimum performance rather than limiting activity
Addresses characteristics of the tourist market, economic conditions of the tourism industry and socio-cultural conditions of the local community
Contains three main components: context analysis, a monitoring programme and a management response system