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1801-1808 Pres. Jefferson
Transcript of 1801-1808 Pres. Jefferson
American Foreign Policy 1801-1808 Conflict & Compromise President Jefferson
Aastha Vasa, Alvin Magbag, Kimberly Goldklang, Keyana Saunders
The Embargo Act of 1807 was in response to a British attack on an American warship off the coast of Virginia, this prohibited foreign commerce. The U.S. wanted to prove that they were a legitimate country, and didn't need to rely on other countries to survive. Furthermore, the Embargo Act was enforced in an effort to follow Washington's policy of neutrality. Despite its failure, the Embargo Act was enforced due to the conflict between the United States, Britain and France, but the problems were eventually resolved through compromise years later.
Port of New-Orleans shut (above). By an express arrived this evening the following important intelligence, which we hasten to give to our readers ... Herald Office, Natchez. Thursday night, October 28, 1802.
Cartoons by William Charles (1776-1820) satirizing the embargo against British goods. The monstrous turtle “O-Grab-Me” is shown nipping a smuggler and finally being repealed. The woodcuts were done by Benson John Lossing (1813-91)
In response to constant attacks on trading vessels by pirates from the North African Barbary States and Tripoli’s demand for more tribute, President Thomas Jefferson sent naval forces to resolve the problem in 1801. After winning , the administration signed a treaty in 1805 which ended the war without having to pay any tribute. This set a precedent for other countries as they were inspired by the United States’ success to do the same thing, and showed other countries that the U.S. was independent. Ultimately, the US foreign policy for the conflict in the Barbary States ended with compromise through the signing of the treaty.
Jay’s Treaty expired during Thomas Jefferson’s Presidency. This controversial treaty between U.S. and Britain was negotiated by Chief Justice John Jay in 1794. The treaty was set up to settle American grievances and avert war. Although the British agreed to surrender forts on U.S. territory and stop impressment of US sailors, the treaty failed to realize key diplomatic goals and provoked a storm of protest in America. The treaty was never enforced and expired in 1805 after Jefferson refused to renew it. Although the US policy was of neutrality, Jefferson and his followers preferred to get support from France, rather than Britain. They considered Britain as the center of aristocracy and the chief threat to the United States’ Republican values. Jay's Treaty was an attempt to resolve previous conflict with Britain through compromise. Unfortunately, it did not solve any of the problems.
The Louisiana Purchase was a U.S. acquisition of the Louisiana Territory from France in 1803 for $15 million. The purchase secured American control of the Mississippi River and doubled the size of the nation. Although the purchase was not constitutional, Jefferson justified it through the use of the elastic clause. The acquisition of this land from France was by compromise and not of conflict.
Jay's treaty (above), written and negotiated by Supreme Court Chief Justice John Jay, was signed by Britain's King George III on November 19, 1794 in London.
On Saturday, April 30, 1803, the Louisiana Purchase Treaty (above) was signed by Robert Livingston, James Monroe, and Barbé Marbois in Paris. Jefferson announced the treaty to the American people on July 4.
In 1802,the Port of New Orleans was closed to U.S by Spain because there were too many French settlers there. Spain was afraid that Western growth would eventually spill over into Spanish-held colonies and create a war-situation between the US and Spain. To prevent that eventuality, Spaniards intentionally chose to close New Orleans to American shipping to prevent the expansion of the United States. New Orleans was vital to American growth and trade in the Midwest. In response to this crisis, Jefferson sent diplomatic envoys to Paris with instructions to try to buy New Orleans. French officials amazed the American envoys by offering to sell not just New Orleans, but all of Louisiana. The United States purchased the territory for the bargain price of fifteen million dollars. Ultimately, the conflict with Spain was resolved by the compromise with France in purchasing Louisiana.
In 1802, the Spanish Intendant of New Orleans withdrew the Right of Deposit to American commerce. The withdrawal of the Right of Deposit, issued on October 18, 1802, meant that American goods brought by flatboats down the Mississippi could not be deposited or stored at the port for later overseas shipment
The Treaty of Tripoli (above) was originally signed by John Adams during his presidency. This Treaty was broken in 1801 by the Pasha of Tripoli. A second treaty called "The Treaty of Peace and Amity" was signed on June 4, 1805 that ended the Barbary War.
US History I Honors
Chapter 7-8 Foreign
President Jefferson's foreign policy for the United States was a policy of neutrality, however he favored France. The foreign policies toward Britain, France and Spain began with conflict, such as the Barabary States War and impressment of sailors. However, attempts at compromise failed, such as Jay's Treaty, and the Embargo Act. Although, the Louisisana Purchase encouraged compromise, the foreign policy during the presidency of Thomas Jefferson was ultimately fueled more by conflict than compromise. These conflicts encountered by the United States in foreign affairs enabled to legitmize the country by making the US more indpendent.