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The Growth of the Eastern Empire

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Zorka Z

on 26 December 2013

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Transcript of The Growth of the Eastern Empire

Eastern Empires

The Ottoman Empire

The Ottoman Empire was one of the greatest empires. It had Islamic beliefs. This Empire started out in
Turkey
, then spread out to Egypt, Greece, Bulgaria, Romania, Macedonia, Hungary, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, and parts of the Arabian Peninsula and North Africa.
Art & Music
The people of the Ottoman Empire were very good and skilled at creative activities. A lot of their Art was made with their hand. The Ottoman Empire loved to play on these instruments. Some instruments, say the flute, are still used today.
Painted Building
Instrument
Currency
The currency of the Ottoman Empire, is called the 'Lira.' In the Ottoman, monetary exchange was based on coins since paper money was not introduced until the 19th century at roughly the same time it began coming into Europe.
Of the Ottoman Empire
The Religion
Clothing
People, including men, wore dress-like robes.The people usually wore headdresses. They were usually decorated in patterns, or jewels.
The Ottoman Empire became better being under the power of Suleiman the Magnificent. He ruled from 1520 to 1566. During this time the empire expanded and included much of Eastern Europe including Greece and Hungary.

Suleyman the Magnificent
Food
The Ottoman People had mostly meat, vegetables, and fruits in their meals. Some grains and starches they ate was rice, and bread.
Daily Life
Territorial Expansion
While he Ottoman Empire was under the the rule of Muhammed II, The Ottoman Empire expanded, when he conquered Constantinople. He also renamed it to Istanbul, and then claimed it to be the capital . The Ottoman Empire covered Bulgaria, Greece, Romania, Eastern Medatterian Island, Hungary,
Iran
, Russia, Ukraine, Caucasia,
Iraq
, Syria, Pelestine, Egypt and the most of
Turkey
.
Ottoman architecture had a very beautiful architecture. Their first ideas for their buildings came from Christian art, in the 16the century. Mix of Islamic and Christian architecture that is what makes their architecture so breathtaking.
Architecture
The property was usually owned by
a leader, called a
Shah
. The people
were divided into classes based on
their importance within the Empire.
The highest class was made up of the
Sultan, his family, and other top
government officials. Below this class
were the nobles who administered much of the day to day business within the government and in local cities and villages. By far, the largest class were the peasants who worked on farms, and in businesses owned and operated by the wealthier people.
Government & Politics
The Ottoman prayed a lot in places called ''Mosque's.'' To keep peace, the Ottoman Turks allowed for the people they took over, to worship in whatever religion they choose. Since the Islams were
elite
, those who did not practice Islam were required to pay additional tax to the government.
The Ottoman's practiced
Islamic
beliefs. They were
sunnite
muslims. However, they lived with
sects
the peoples whom's land they had conquered believed in a wide variety of religious beliefs, including Christianity and Judaism, and the worship of a number of gods and spirits.
sect
- a group of people with different religious beliefs from those of a larger group to which they belong
elite
- a group of people considered to be superior in a particular society or organization.
Trade
The Ottoman Empire mostly traded with Turkey. They traded food, spices, textiles & fabrics, and more. They also got cloth and food from England.
History
The Ottoman Empire started near 1300. During the 15th and 16th centuries, the Ottoman Empire entered a long period of time of the expansion of empire and the person who ruled at that time was Suleiman the Magnificent. After that moment the Ottoman Empire began making itself powerful.
Of the Ottoman Empire
Inventions
The Ottoman Empire Invented:





Bank Notes
Coffee
Formalized Postal Delivery Services
They introduced steam powered commuter ferries
Wars and Battles
The Mughal Empire
The Mughal Empire ruled most of
India
and Pakistan in the 16th and 17th centuries. It stopped Islamic beliefs in South Aisia and spread Muslim arts and cultures as well as their religion. The Mughals were muslims who ruled a country with mostly Hindu people. However, for much of their empire they allowed Hindus to reach senior government or military positions.
Religion
The Mughals were mostly Muslims, but there were also Buddhists, Parsees, Sikhs, and
Shi'ite
Muslims that was made up of the population under the Mughal Rule. It was a religious thing that when a husband dies, the widdow throws herself onto her husband's funeral pyre. This practice is called a
suttee
.
Music
Art & Architecture
Dress
Food
History
Territorial Expansion
Trade
Inventions
Daily Life
Government & Politics
The Ottomans had very
elite
warriors. One of the Ottoman Empire really famous battles was a battle against the crusades. Also they had a big battle in 1363 when they capturet Edime. While the Ottoman leader, Murat the First, was fighing against the Karamanids in Anatolia, countries united against the Ottoman. In the battle Murat the 1st died.
Wars & Battles
Natural Resources
In Turkey, the Ottoman's land grew a lot of grains. They had olive gardens and vineyards. They also had a good source of fish.
The Mughals appreciated music.
Akbar
was a lover of music. His court was adorned by famous musicians like Tansens of Gwalior and Baz Bahadur of Malwa.
Shah

Jahan
was fond of vocal and instrument music. The great Hindu Musicians of this time were Jagannth and Janardhan Bhatta.
Mughal Architecture, was Islamic-Persian style. This their style combined with Islamic art, which had been introduced to India during the Dehli Sultanate (1192 - 1398) and had made great monuments such as the Qutb Minar, with parts of Persian art and architecture. The Mughal Empire's monuments are found mostly in India, but there are also many remains in Pakistan.

By the time of Akbar, everyone was wearing thin, and light clothing. Their clothes and style became fashionable for all Indians.
Mughal costume has not disappeared even though the Mughals have been gone for 300 years. The ladies Garara Pyjama and Farsi Pyjama are still worn, men in Northern India still wear the silwar, the churidar is still a favourite legwear for men and women today. The angarkhar is also still worn.
The Mughal Empire started in the 1530s. The Mughals ruled most of South Asia between the 17th and 18th centuries. The empire's territory expanded, until it fully fell during the mid-19th century.
The Mughal's lived in different categories: rich or poor. While kings and rich people could do whatever they wanted, middle category was progressing and becoming a much richer category. Rich people owned horses, that they could keep in village
stables
. But people who were poor could not enjoy their lives because they didn't even have enough money. So poor people worked really hard for rich people to earn money.
The Mughal kings were generous monarchs, who ruled fairly. Most of them did involve their ministers in making dessicions. They also tried to make their peoples' lives better, although there was barely any helping society.

By Zorka Zsembery
The Mughal Empire's most known inventions were: gunpowder, compass, paper, tea and printing technology.

The Mughal Empire mostly traded with England. England traded their woolen cloth to the Mughals , and in return The Mughals offered England broadcloth. Why did England trade with Mughal empire? The Mughal empire traded a lot with England because England had barely any goods.

The Mughals used a huge amount of Indian spices in their meals. Some of them are still used today, like curry, and masala.
Natural Resources
India, the Mughal Empire's main territory was India, and India was surrounded by water, they had a good supply of fish. Also on their land, they grew different herbs, that they would use in their food.
The Mughal Empire's main territory was India. It expanded, as they controlled Pakistan, Bangladesh, and
Afghanistan
. The Empire expanded when it was under the rule of Shah Jahan.
The most important battle of The Mughal's was in 1526. Babur faught aganst, and defeated, the Sultan of Dheli and the Mughal empire entered India.
The Ottoman Empire
The Mughal Empire
Religion
The Ming and Qing Dynasty were both Buddhism. They would
kowtow
, when they were practicing religion. After the Ming, the Qing dynasty was the last one in China.
History
Ming:
Qing:
The Ming Dynasty started in 1368, and ended in 1644. It was one of the most powerful dynasties of
China
. The most famous leader of the Ming Dynasty was Zhu Yuanzhang.
Art
Clothing
Food
Government & Politics
The Qing Dynasty started in 1644, right when the Ming ended. Their capital wa Beijing. In the Qing dynasty. The people's nation's name where
Manchus
.
Ming:
Qing:

In China there were many types of foods. One of their main dishes was dried squid, which was counted as a delicacy. There is also many other foods, that they used in their meals like ginger, oranges, snow peas, wheat, millet.
The Ming and Qing Dynasties
The Ming dynasty had very
interesting art in it's time. Chinese
people decorated their gardens,
and were very skilled artists.
Most of the Ming rulers were ancestors Zhu generation. The Ming dynasty made many
expeditions
, which means to travel, and explore. The Ming Dynasty followed another Chinese dynasty, The Yuan dynasty. The Ming was stronger than the Qing Dynasty.
Qing dynasty was a huge. Even though the Qing dynasty was supplied with good resources and great government, chinese families were expected to have children to attend school. If anyone were to disobey the law they'd be locked up, whipped, or put to death.
Ming
Qing:
Music
The Qing dynasty drew flowers, and mostly dragons. . The artist painted portraits of leaders in the Qing Dynasty.
Qing:
Ming:
They drank a lot of tea, from the herbs
they grew. They also had seafood, since
they were partly surrounded by water. They used a lot of oranges in
China
.
Territorial Expansion
The Qing Dynasty expanded in a very short time, at the end of the 18th century it ruled
Manchuria
, Mongolia, Xinjiang, Tibet, and Taiwan.
The Ming Dynasty mostly had wars with Mongolia, against the Mongols, so sometimes they earn more of Mongolia's land, and sometimes they lost their own. They used the people who's land they took as
civil

servants.
Trade
Daily Life
In China people had many jobs.There was farming, mining,fishing, craft, business, and merchants. Wealthier people could afford better
textile
for their clothing.
In
China
trading was very important because of its big population. The Mings traded food, weapons, jewelry, and fabrics.
Ming:
Architecture
The most beautiful architecture in the Ming Dynasty was their palace. The palace was called the 'Forbidden City.' It is big and beautiful! It was
forbidden
for unknown people to enter the king's palace.
In China there were 3 levels: the kings, the nobles and the farmers. The nobles lived in luxurious places (around the
inland
of the city) while the farmers had to live in small huts. The farmers had to work really hard. Kings lived in palaces.
Qing:
Ming:
Qing:
They also built the Great Wall of china. Even though the wall started being constructed during the Qing dynasty, most of the wall was built in the Ming dynasty. Also Qing people designed very unique shaped houses, such as that church on the picture.
Ming:
Qing:
The Ming and Qing clothing were
very similar, since China produced the
same materials. Women wore dresses, and men wore loose pants and shirts. Their clothing was quite colorful.
Qing clothing was very colorful, and
it had a lot of patterns. Wealthier
people wore expensive
textiles
,
such as silk, indigo traded from
India.
Qing:
Ming:
The Ming people made instrument, such as flutes. They were used when people performed in the Beijing Opera. They also made stringed instruments.
Ming:
Qing:
The Qing traded more of jewelry
and textiles. Same as Ming, they had to trade because of China's population. Qing traded with South China Sea, and Southeast Asia.
Qing:
Ming:
Wars & Battles
Natural Resources
The Ming dynasty was partly surrounded
by water, so they could enjoy a lot
of fish. Also, they mined jade and
other jewels in
China
, so that they could trade.
Ming:
Qing music was very similar to the Ming's music. They had a lot of stringed instruments. The first flute they made was made from bamboo.
The Ming dynasties mostly had battles with the Mongols over land. Sometime they had to give land
to the Mongols, and sometimes the Ming
Dynasty controlled their land.
Inventions
Ming:
They invented things like the bristle toothbrush, The bristle toothbrush was made of boar hair and bamboo. This invention helped maintain personal hygiene. They also made the first ship rudder.

.The Qing made the first printing production. Some less important inventions included, a cart with a sail, and a more effective way to gather wheat. The Qing discovered magnetism naturally, and then published the discovery.
Qing:
Qing:
The Ming and Qing Dynasties
Ming:
The Qing dynasty had many tea plantations. They also mined, jewels, that they could trade.
Qing:
Japan and China both want to control Korea. The Japanese, who for the past 30 years have learned modern fighting techniques, easily defeat China. The Qing realize they need to make some improvements in how they defend themselves.
Comparison
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The Mughal and the Ottoman was both had Muslim beliefs. They both traded silk, and other textiles.
The Ottoman and the Ming & Qing Dynasties had very similar insturments. Also hey both used alot of herbs in their food.
The Mughal and the Ming & Qing both had severe punishing if the people went against the laws. They had similar architecture.
All three traded with Europe, they had similar resource. They religions are similar they only let people beilieve in the ones that they had belief in,
Full transcript