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Transcript of Mexico
Three vast civilizations, the Mayas, the Olmecs, and the Toltecs were conquered in 1519–1521 by the Spanish under Hernando Cortés control. Before Mexico was conquered by Cortés, the Aztecs were the originals habitats. They were highly devoted to their religion, and even went as far as sacrificing one another to please these Gods.
For the next 300 years Spain had ruled Mexico up until September 16, 1810. When the Mexicans first revolted in 1820, it took them a year to win independence from Spain. After the revolution, during 1821 to 1877, there were enough political leaders to create a new government on the average of every nine months. Mexico lost Texas in 1836. After defeat in the war with the U.S. (from 1846–1848) it also lost the area which is now known as California, Nevada, and Utah. Correspondingly, losing most of Arizona and New Mexico, and parts of Wyoming and Colorado. This was all signed under the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.
Points of Interest
With a rich history and unique sceneries, Mexico is a focal point for many tourists and visitors around the world.
A popular historic attraction among these visitors is Chichen Itza, a large pre-Colombian ruin city built by the Mayan civilization. There, at the archaeological site located in the Mexican state of Yucatan, tourists can explore the ruins of the ancient city.
The Riviera Maya is home to many sunny beaches and resorts. Tourist activities such as snorkeling, scuba diving, and jungle tours are a few of the things to do while visiting the area.
The shrine of Our Lady of Guadalupe, found in the new Basilica of Guadalupe is yet another famous attraction site of Mexico. Religious visitors come from all over the world to see this popular icon.
Six Flags México is located in the Tlalpan forest on the southern edge of Mexico City. The amusement park contains 47 rides in total, including 8 roller coasters and 2 water rides.
Interesting Elements of Language
A staggering amount of the Mexican majority today speak Spanish, making it the largest Spanish speaking population in the world. Spanish is Mexico's official national language.This is because colonizers that had first come to Mexico unwillingly forced the natives to learn Spanish. In the 1990s the government identified 62 indigenous languages, including Aztec, Nahuatl, and the Mayan family of languages, as national languages.
Up to 90 percent of Mexicans identify themselves as Catholic, although there are still many pre-Hispanic Mayan elements as part of their faith. About 6% identify as Protestant.There are also a modest amount of Muslims, Jews and Buddhists communities in Mexico.
The culture of Mexicans put a strong emphasis on structure of unity within families. Most of the time outside of the cities, families are typically extensive. Mexicans are also very conscious of their responsibilities to family members and extended family and also friends. Another large part of the values and customs of this country is being able to host parties. It is customary to make guests feel comfortable and pleased. There are very defined roles for each member of the family. Traditionally, Mexican families look to the father as the authority figure. While women are working inside of the home (cooking, cleaning, taking care of children, etc.). The country remains a male-centric society that put men above women.
The official name of Mexico is Estados Únidos Mexicanos which translates to United Mexican States
Mexico introduced chocolate, corn, and chilies to the world
Children do not receive presents on Christmas Day contrary to popular tradition in North America. They receive gifts on January 6, which celebrates the arrival of the Three Wise Men
Mexico's divorce rate is one of the lowest in the world
Mexico City sinks ten inches each year
It is polite to leave some food on your plate after a meal
Their currency for money is peso (1 Mexican Peso equals 0.080 Canadian Dollar)
The Feast of Our Lady of Guadalupe, (which happens annually on Dec. 12.) is a holiday that is celebrated by a large majority of the Mexican population. This holiday celebrates the appearance of the Virgin Mary. She is also the patron saint of the country.
Los Dias de los Muertos, also known as Day of the Dead, is a holiday celebrated throughout Mexico. The celebration is focused on gathering together friends and family, and praying for the loved ones who have passed away. It happens every year, from October 30th to November 2nd, Family members heavily honor those who have passed on.
Carnaval is an official Mexican holiday which has a five-day celebration of the libido before the Catholic lent. Starting the weekend before lent, Carnaval is celebrate enthusiastically with parades, floats, costumes, music and dancing in the streets. The five days are meant to let you indulge in silly pleasures before the solemnity of Lent.
Independence Day is also greatly celebrated in Mexico. This day is the marking the country’s separation from Spain in 1810, it is celebrated on September 16.
Non-verbal Behaviours/ Cultural Elements of Communication
The country of Mexico, officially known as the United Mexican States, is located in North America, between the countries of Belize and Guatemala to the south and the United States to the north.
Three major bodies of water run along Mexico's 5,797 miles (9,330 km) coastline. These include the Pacific Ocean, the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico. With a land area of 758,459 square miles (1,964,375 sq km) and a population of about 112,468,855 people, Mexico is considered the 13th largest country in the world and the 11th most populous country in the world. In Mexico the capital city is Mexico City and the highest point is Volcan Pico de Orizaba at 18,700 feet (5,700 m) while the lowest point is Laguna Salada at -32 feet (-10m). The country is divided into 31 states and 1 federal district.
Mexican people often touch shoulders or hold the arm of another to show friendliness. "Abrazo" is a typical gesture in Mexico in which people hug with a hearty back-slap, followed by a hand shake. Making eye contact is infrequent and placing your hands on your hips signifies that you are making a challenge. In Mexico the "O.K." gesture with the thumb and bent index finger, forming an O is considered rude. Colours signify various importances in the country of Mexico. The colour purple is the color of death; red casts spells; and white lifts the spells.When conversing, Mexicans tend to stand very close to each other and stepping backwards is discouraged as it is perceived as unfriendly. Close proximity is customary amongst the general population.
Current male population (49.3%)
Current female population (50.7%)
Births this year
Deaths this year
Net migration this year
Population growth this year
Mexico Statistics 2013
117 612 580
58 002 750
59 609 831
1 580 291
Spanish is the official language of Mexico. It was brought to this country in the 16th century by Hernán Cortés, who conquered the Aztecs. Spanish is one of the world’s most phonetic languages. This means if you know how a word is spelled, you can almost always know how it is pronounced (although the reverse is not true).
In Mexican Spanish the s’s, z’s and soft c’s are pronounced exactly like the English “s” sound. However, in Spain, z’s and soft c’s are pronounced like the English “th” sound, which makes it different from the s’s. The past tense is rarely used in Mexico; if needed, they would use the past anterior tense. The formal title of “you” (Ustedes) is commonly used in Mexico in most situations, regardless of social standing. In addition, this personal pronoun is used in place of vosotros because the second person plural is not used. Some of the words only used in Mexico are derived from the indigenous people’s languages. There are 62 recognized languages by the Mexican government. A common Mexican slang is quihúbole. It comes from the phrase ¿Qué hubo?, and roughly means, “what’s up?”. This term is generally used only with someone you know very well. Another slang is answering the phone "¡bueno!" instead of "¡hola! "
Mexico's interior consists of rugged mountains, deserts, high plateaus and low coastal plains. With about half of the country located south of the Tropic of Cancer, Mexico's climate is mostly tropical or desert. In this weather, Mexican people are able to grow tropical produce nearly all year- round. Volcanic mountains and forested jungle terrain can also be found in the interior, where diverse species of fauna and flora can be seen. Rich in natural resources, gold mines are located in Mexico's southern regions. Other resources such as silver, copper, iron, lead, and zinc ores are scattered just about everywhere throughout the country
The population of Mexico has escalated at a continuous rate since about the 1960’s. As of July 2013, the estimated population of Mexico is 116 220 947. Mexico represents 1.66% of the world´s total population which arguably means that one person in every 61 people on the planet is a resident of Mexico. Both the female and male population equally represents their gender. Furthermore, Mexico City is the largest city of Mexico, it holds majority of the population. By conferring to some estimates, Mexico City is the largest concentration of population in the Western Hemisphere because of its high population rate around the area of about 18 million. Mexico was declared the 11th most populated country in the world as of July 2012. Additionally, Mexico is the most populous Spanish-speaking country in the world. About 70% of the people live in urban areas.
Typical diets of working class Mexican's would include, corn or wheat tortillas, along with beans, rice, tomatoes, chili peppers and chorizo. While the diet of a middle class or upper class would be more closely related to American or Europeans meals. Mexican food is widely enjoyed all around the world.
Is an traditional Mexican dish. It is composed of a corn or wheat tortilla folded around various fillings. Fillings generally include beef, chicken, pork, seafood, vegetables and cheese. They are usually garnished with salsa or guacamole. Instead of eating this with utensils, this dish is customarily eaten with your hands,
Is Another Mexican dish. An Enchilada is a corn tortilla rolled around an filling. The filling could consist of meat, cheese, beans, potatoes, vegetables, and seafood. Then it is covered in an chili pepper sauce and baked in the oven.
Are a popular food that comes from the Mexican origin. They consist of fried tortilla chips covered with melted cheddar cheese or salsa. Usually garnished with jalapenos and olives. It is customary to eat this snack with your hands.
Spanish 10 - Block 1