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Music Theory Presentation
Transcript of Music Theory Presentation
A sharp means that the note is one half step higher than the natural note. The sharps names are C#, D#, F#, G#, A#, C#, D#, F#, G#, A#
Flats sign means the note that is one half step lower than the natural note. Db, Eb, Gb, Ab, Bb, Db, Eb, Gb, Ab, Eb.
The natural note is for to cancel out any key that is sharped or flatted
Music theory is the study of the structure of constructed music. Music theorists look for patterns and structures in composers' works across or within genres, styles, or historical periods. Music theory distills and analyzes the fundamental parameters or elements of music—rhythm, harmony (harmonic function), melody, structure, form, and texture. Broadly, music theory may include any statement, belief, or conception of or about music. Music may also be understood from the viewpoint of acoustics, human physiology, and psychology.
A clef is a musical symbol used to indicate the pitch of written notes.
A note is a sign which represents the relative duration & pitch of a sound.
The staff (Stave) is a set of five horizontal lines & four spaces that represent a different musical pitch or in the case of the percussion staff: different percussion instruments.
A whole note is a note represented by a hollow oval note head, its length is equal to four beats 4/4 time.
Half notes are played half the duration of a whole note.
A rest is an interval of silence in a piece of music, marked by a symbol indicating the length of the pause.
The time signature is a notational convention used to specify how many beats are in each bar and which note value constitutes one beat.
Tetrachords & Major Scales
A tetrachord is a series of three smaller intervals that span the intervals of a perfect pitch, a 4:3 proportion.
Circle of Fifths
The major scale is one of the most commonlu used scales. it' made up of seven notes.
A musical scale with twelve pitches, each a semitone above or below another.
In music theory, the circle of fifths (or circle of fourths) is a visual representation of the relationships among the 12 tones of the chromatic scale, their corresponding key signatures, and the associated major and minor keys. More specifically, it is a geometrical representation of relationships among the 12 pitch classes of the chromatic scale in pitch class space.
In other words, the notes of an equal-tempered chromatic scale are equally spaced. An equal-tempered chromatic scale is a nondiatonic scale having no tonic because of the symmetry of its equally spaced notes
Whole Steps, Half Steps and Enharmonic Notes
: an interval of a (whole) tone
: a semitone.
: having the same pitch in the tempered scale but written in different notation, as G sharp and A flat.