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The Nine Muses of the Greek Mythology

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Mary Margarette Manongsong

on 4 September 2013

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Transcript of The Nine Muses of the Greek Mythology

The Nine Muses
The Nine Muses of the Greek Mythology
4. Melpomene
Opposite from Thalia, Muse Melpomene was the protector of Tragedy; she invented tragedy, rhetoric speech and Melos. She was depicted holding a tragedy mask and usually bearing a bat.
3. Thalia
Muse Thalia was the protector of comedy; she discovered comedy, geometry, architectural science and agriculture. She was also protector of Symposiums. She was always depicted holding a theatrical - comedy mask.
The Nine Muses were Greek goddesses who ruled over the arts and sciences and offered inspiration in those subjects. They were the daughters of Zeus, lord of all gods, and Mnemosyne, who represented memory. Memory was important for the Muses because in ancient times, when there were no books, poets had to carry their work in their memories.
The Nine Muses of the Greek Mythology were deities that gave artists, philosophers and individuals the necessary inspiration for creation.
Hesiod reveals that they were called Muses or Mouses in Greek, as the Greek word “mosis” refers to the desire and wish. The word museum also comes from the Greek Muses.
The Nine Muses were: Clio, Euterpe, Thalia, Melpomeni, Terpsichore, Erato, Polymnia, Ourania and Calliope.
All the ancient writers appeal to the Muses at the beginning of their work. Homer asks the Muses both in the Iliad and Odyssey to help him tell the story in the most proper way, and until today the Muses are symbols of inspiration and artistic creation.
In painting the Muses are usually presented as ethereal women with divine beauty, holding laurels and other items depending on their faculty.

The 9 Muses are dancing while Apollo is playing the lyre

Zeus and Mnemosyne
The Muse Clio discovered history and guitar. History was named Clio in the ancient years, because it refers to “kleos” the Greek word for the heroic acts. Clio was always represented with a clarion in the right arm and a book in the left hand.
1. Clio:
Clio was the Muse who was the patron of history and writing. Clio enjoyed telling stories of the past. In Greek the word 'history' is derived from kleos, meaning heroic acts. In Ancient Greek drama there were three types of plays: Comedies tragedies and satyres that were based on legends and real people from history. Her symbol was a parchment scroll, or a set of tablets.
Attribute: Scroll
Muse Euterpe discovered several musical instruments, courses and dialectic. She was always depicted holding a flute, while many instruments were always around her.
2. Euterpe
Euterpe was the Muse who was the patron of music. Her symbol was the the Aulos, a type of double flute. Her name was derived from the Greek
Thalia was the Muse who was the joyful patron of comedy and pastoral poetry. Her symbol was a comic mask but she is also depicted with a bugle and a trumpet or occasionally a shepherd’s staff. Thalia and Apollo were the parents of 6 sons, the Corybantes, who were armed and crested dancers.
Attribute: Comic mask, ivy wreath, shepherd's staff
Melpomene was the Muse who was first represented song and then became the patron of tragedy. Her name was derived from the Greek words meaning "to celebrate with dance and song." She is often represented with a tragic mask and wearing the cothurnus, boots traditionally worn by actors in tragedies.
Attribute: Tragic mask, ivy wreath
5. Terpsichore
Terpsichore was the protector of dance; she invented dances, the harp and education. She was called Terpsichore because she was enjoying and having fun with dancing ( “Terpo” in Greek refers to be amused). She was depicted wearing laurels on her head, holding a harp and dancing.
Terpsichore was the Muse who was the patron of dance and the Greek chorus. Her symbol is a lyre and she is often depicted playing this instrument in a seated position. She is sometimes said to be the mother of the Sirens by Achelous.
Attribute: Lyre
6. Erato
Muse Erato was the protector of Love and Love Poetry – as well as wedding. Her name comes from the Greek word “Eros” that refers to the feeling of falling in love. She was depicted holding a lyre and love arrows and bows.
Erato was the beautiful, passionate and erotic Muse who was the patron of lyric and love poetry. Her symbol was a Cithara , a type of lyre, but she was also depicted with turtle doves and golden arrows. Occasionally she is accompanied by the god Eros, holding a torch.
Attribute: Smaller lyre
7. Polymnia
Muse Polymnia was the protector of the divine hymns and mimic art; she invented geometry and grammar. She was depicted looking up to the Sky, holding a lyre.
Polyhymnia was the serious, eloquent Muse who was the patron of religious hymns, prayer and sacred dance. Her symbol is a veil which implies the traits of a virgin priestess. She is and also associated with meditation and this is reflected by depictions of her leaning on a column apparently in deep thought
Attribute: Depicted veiled and pensive
8. Ourania
Muse Ourania was the protector of the celestial objects and stars; she invented astronomy. She was always depicted bearing stars, a celestial sphere and a bow compass.
Urania was the philosophical Muse who was the patron of astronomy and the constellations. She possessed the gift of prophecy by reading the stars. Her name derives from the Greek word for 'heavenly'. Her symbols are the globe and the compass and she is usually depicted with in a cloak embroidered with stars, staring at the Heavens.
Attribute: Celestial globe
9. Calliope
Muse Calliope was the superior Muse. She was accompanying kings and princes in order to impose justice and serenity. She was the protector of heroic poems and rhetoric art. According to the myth, Homer asks from Calliope to inspire him while writing Iliad and Odyssey, and, thus, Calliope is depicted holding laurels in one hand and the two Homeric poems in the other hand.
Calliope was the Muse who was the patron of epic poetry. Her symbol is writing tablet but she is also depicted carrying a scroll or a book or as wearing a golden crown. She was said to be the wisest of all the Muses and said to be the inspiration of Homer. Calliope was the mother of Orpheus and Linus
Attribute: Wax Tablet
The Three Muses
In Ancient Greek Mythology there is also reference to an early group of three Muses, one who was born from the movement of water, the second who made sounds by striking the air, and the third who was embodied in the human voice. The names of these three Muses were Melete (Practice), Mneme (Memory) and Aoide (Song).

presented by: Mary Margarette V. Manongsong
Tnx and Godbless!
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