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Dante's Inferno: Treachery

The tenth circle of hell. Includes treachery against kindred, their country, their guests, and benefactors.
by

Shelby Falkenhagen

on 7 October 2012

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Transcript of Dante's Inferno: Treachery

Dante put treachery in the lowest circle of Hell, because he thought of it as the worst of all sins... the most deliberate and the most calculated Welcome to the Ninth Layer of Hell What is treachery? According to Dante, there are four different types of treachery: betrayal of kindred, betrayal of country, betrayal of guests, and betrayal of benefactors. Here we go: The first kind of traitor
can be found in region Caina.
Caina becomes home to those
that perform treacherous
acts against family members. Betrayal of Kindred Antenora This level of Hell is reserved for those
who have committed treason against
their party or nation. Betrayers of Guests Betrayers of benefactors is the lowest level of Hell, in which Satan himself is found. Dante saves this level for the worst sinners and it is called Judecca. Betrayers of Benefactors Judecca is the lowest layer of Hell, named after Judas Iscariot, who betrayed Jesus. Here Dante finds Satan, Judas Iscariot, and Brutus & Cassius. In Dante's opinion these are the worst sinners of all. Judecca After witnessing the ninth circle of Hell, Dante and his guide climb down Satan's hide to the center of the earth. The Center of the Earth 1. Satan
He was once the most beautiful angel, but he led a rebellion against God, and was thrown out of heaven.
2. Judas Iscariot
was one of the 12 disciples of Jesus. Judas betrayed Jesus for 30 pieces of silver, using a kiss to identify him to the soldiers. Jesus was later crucified.
3. Brutus and Cassius
assassinated Julius Caesar, the founder of the Roman Empire. Members of Judecca Treachery is the betrayal of trust, or a deceptive act/nature Caina Ptolomea is the region where the betrayers of guests dwell.
In this level Dante encounters Brother Albergio and Ser Branca D'Oria. "The souls of traitors are held fast in a lake of ice. Clearly, the worst of all sins against the brother are those of the frozen heart. Those who are disloyal to others have chosen a life isolated and immobile, a life, in effect, so hostile to life that the only adequate image is being devoured in the midst of a sunless waste of ice" (May, 161). Structure of the 9th Circle of Hell This region is named after the first man to commit this sin against his brother, Cain. Ptolomea Named after one or both of the following:
Ptolemy, the captain/governor of Jericho
Ptolemy XII, brother of Cleopatra Bocca delgi Abati, Archbishop Ruggieri and
Count Ugolino are some of the many
souls that can
be found in this region of the ninth
circle of Hell. Residents of Antenora Dante shows a special sensitivity to those who breach the laws of hospitality.

The souls of those who betray a guest are immediately sent to Hell upon the commitment of the act, and their living bodies are then possessed by demons. "The Special Rule" Friar Alberigo A subject of the special rule. Ruling Guelph Family Manfred plotted against for political power Albergio had guests slaughtered at Banquet Genonese Ghibelline Branca d'Oria Caina was named for the original
sinner against kin, Cain. Cain killed
his brother Abel because he was
jealous. This betrayal led to the first
region of the ninth layer of Hell
being named for him. Caina Another sinner of the special rule- body died about 25 years after his soul was sent to Hell This region is named after
Prince Antenor who betrayed his city,
Troy, to the Achaeans during the Trojan war. Invited Michel Zanche to dinner
Had them hacked to death The second region of the ninth
level of Hell is Antenora. The Giants River Cocytus Wind and freezing of ice caused by the flapping of Lucifer's wings Nimrod Ephialtes Antaeus
Full transcript