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Transcript of Relationships
Family constitutes our first and most basic relationships Friendships Romantic Relationships Online Relationships A close and caring relationship between two people that is perceived as mutually satisfying and beneficial. Generally a non-family relationship. Disadvantages How We From Family Relationships Why We Form Family Relationships Advantages Born into an environment that forces us to form relationships with those close to us and who interact with us on a normal basis (physical proximity)
No control over family we are born into
Those who may not know his or her biological family and must rely on fostered family relationships Companionship
Involvement in the lives of others and vice versa
Family is the first to provide us with intellectual, emotional, and physical stimulation
Physical proximity with family
Closer relationships to those who share similar interests and values Communication promotes strong family bonds and is the key element in forming positive family relationships
Provides open, honest communication
Provides a safe place to express feelings, desires and concerns
Learn about one another's lives
Enjoying lighthearted exchanges
Efficient problem solving
Learn to appreciate other's contributions and recognize the value of each family member
Decreases the likelihood of substance abuse (Hagood) May become financially dependent on close family members during financial hardship
Over-reliance on support and may be unable to cope with life's challenges as well as an independent person
If family ties are broken, the sense of belonging no longer exists, the individual can be left even more distressed (Fitzgerald) Disadvantages How We Form Friendships Advantages Disadvantage How We Form Romantic Relationships Why We Form Romantic Relationships Advantage Disadvantages How We Form Online Relationships Why We Form Online Relationships Advantages Social Interaction
Lack of Intimacy in Real-World Relationships
Finding a suitable and safe modality for others to meet (Antsey) E-mail
Websites People are able to form high quality relationships.
People form or become part of online groups/communities that can be helpful for the society and environment.
People can become comfortable enough to overcome the shyness they may feel in face-to-face interactions (Pace). Internet Infidelity
False Online Identities
“Virtual reality doesn’t make actual reality.” Online dating is a 21st century phenomena. Many people today spend a great deal of their time on the internet in hopes to make a special connection with someone special. Online dating allows a people to explore their identities. Once one figures out his/her true identity, next is to work on presenting himself/herself to the world as truthfully as possible.
Social Information Processing Theory: Joe Walther argues that communicators use unique language and stylistic cues in their online messages to develop relationships similar to those that grow from face-to-face conversations.
Hyperpersonal Communication: communication that is even more personal and intimate than face-to-face interaction
Disinhibition: Trying to better understand one’s self
Self-Disclosure: Sharing important info about others Emotional support
Assistance in coping with life stressors
Studies on the benefits of friendship:
Improves academic success
Fewer aggressive tendencies
Help enhance communication
Cross-sex friend ships can be beneficial Outnumbered by advantages
Pressure to meet expectations
Cross-sex friendships can also be complicated Relationships allow us to meet our companionship needs, intellectual stimulation, as well as our physical needs.
Interpersonal relationships are the interconnections and interdependence between two individuals.
Interpersonal communication is the exchange of verbal and nonverbal messages between two people who have a relationship and are influenced by the partner's messages.
Multiple relationships: acquaintances, colleagues, friends, close friends, family members, romantic partners, and virtual strangers.
We each have a relational network, which is a web of personal relationships that connect individuals to one another. Compatibility
Must grow and interact outside of your family
Complementing Characteristics of Friendship Availability
Feelings of concern
Openness and truthfulness
Along with honesty, confidentiality
Feeling with each other Cross-sex Friendship Creates 4 main challenges:
Where do we stand?
What is the level of sexual tension?
Is each gender on the same level?
How do we present ourselves to others? To satisfy our basic human needs
Similarity Physical Attraction Similarity Companionship Stimulation Achieving Goals Proximity Companionship and inclusion (to have others in our lives and to be included in their lives as well)
Interaction with another person provides a unique kind of stimulation on a personal level.
Connection on an emotional, physical, and intellectual level.
To avoid potential psychological problems due to loneliness Intimacy/closeness
Feeling of belonging
Feeling of being needed
Feeling of safety
Union of having someone who’s always there for you
Social status/professional connections
Resources/favors Problems with family/in-laws*
Trying to get along with the other person’s friends
Romantic relationships may lead to weight gain*
Friends won’t see you as much*
Possible heartbreak, leading to depression
Putting yourself last
*subjective to specific relationships Attraction – interest, pleasure, desire evoked towards someone. This potentially causing ourselves to be attracted in return to the person.
Proximity/nearness – after the initial attraction we then find ourselves desiring to be closer to that person within a more personal space
Companionship – after proximity, we wish to get to know the other person better through communication and actions, potentially leading to a proximity of a more intimate boundary. According to our textbook, love is a deep affection for an attachment to another person involving emotional ties, with varying degrees of passion, commitment and intimacy
Intimacy may define love in a romantic relationship
Six categories of love:
1. Eros (erotic, sexual love)
2. Ludas (playful, casual love)
3. Storge (love that lacks passion)
4. Pragma (committed, practical love)
5. Mania (intense, romantic love)
6. Agape (selfless, romantic love Humans feel a natural need for companionship
Inclusion: to involve others in our lives and be involved in the lives of others
Loneliness may be the only motivation needed to form relationships
Psychological problems, such as anxiety, drug abuse, stress, and depression have been linked to loneliness. People thrive for intellectual, emotional, and physical stimulation
Interaction with another person provides stimulation
On a personal level
Provides multiple types of stimulation at once
Contributes to our relational satisfaction Some enter relationships to achieve goals
Goals previously discussed:
Create relationships to assist in achieving career goals
Our initial motivation is often to see what someone can provide for you Nearness
One of the first criteria for relationships
Allows us to interact, form and develop relationships
Once was the most important factor in relationships
(We were unlikely to meet someone that was not physically close to us)
Modern technology has redefined proximity
Allows us to interact with others through mediated channels Physical appearance
Beauty and attraction
Viewed as kinder, warmer, more intelligent, more honest
Eventually outweighed by subsequent interaction Attraction often based on similarity
Shared interests – can be linked to proximity
People look for others like themselves
The extent to which we project ourselves onto another person is the direct result of the attraction we feel for that person.
We seek relationships with others who have comparable levels of attractiveness.
Two individuals who hail from the same ethnic group are more genetically similar than two individuals from different ethnic groups. Works Cited www.psychologytoday.com
Anstey, Shelly. "On-Line Personal Relationships." University of Wisonsin Milwaukee. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Feb 2013. <https://pantherfile.uwm.edu/eamabry/www/course/com813/anstey3.htm>.
Fitzgerald, Helen. "Advantages & Disadvantages of Close Family Ties." eHow. Demand Media, Inc. Web. 04 Feb 2013. <http://www.ehow.com/info_10027435_advantages-disadvantages-close-family-ties.html>.
Hagood, Brenda. "The Advantages of Family Communication." Livestrong. Demand Media, Inc., 23 Mar 2010. Web. 04 Feb 2013. <http://www.livestrong.com/article/94544-advantages-family-communication/>.
O'Hair, Dan, and Mary Wienmann. "Developing and Maintaining Relationships." Trans. Array Real Communication: An Introduction. Tom Kane. Second Edition. Boston, MA: Bedford/St. Martin's, 2012. 188-201. Print.
Monsour, Michael, Nancy Kurzweil, and Chris Beard "Challenges Confronting Cross-Sex Friendships: 'Much Ado About Nothing?'" Sex Roles 1994: 65-77. Print.
Pace , Megan, April Reid, and Jonathan Santarelli. "The Psychology of Internet Dating." . N.p.. Web. 03 Feb 2013. <http://webspace.ship.edu/jacamp/psyberpsych/Dating/Index.htm>. Cross-Sex Relationships Friendships between genders
Neglected in many studies
Can be very beneficial, also complicated
Study of Cross-sex Friendship Performed by four social scientists:
Michael Monsour, Bridgid Harris, and Nancy Kurzwell of the University of Colorado-Denver
Chris Beard of the University of Colorado-Boulder
Confirmed the challenges, also identified others
Pressure of significant other was prominent
Emotional bond challenge was largest challenge
Conclusion Creates emotional bonds
Requires and improves communication
Conclusion We form relationships for companionship, stimulation, to achieve goals, proximity, physical attraction, and similarity.
Online romantic relationships