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Key Stage 4 Performance Tables in England from 2016: A Guide for Teachers of English

An overview of the new GCSE league tables in England, with a focus on the implications for English teachers
by

Philip Bishop

on 20 May 2014

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Transcript of Key Stage 4 Performance Tables in England from 2016: A Guide for Teachers of English

The better English result (Language or Literature) will be double- weighted
Key Stage 4 Performance Tables in England from 2016:
A Guide for Teachers of English

The New Performance Table Measurements
Progress 8



Attainment 8

Subjects in the Progress 8 / Attainment 8 Measures
Implications
The performance tables are now more focused on
progress
– every result matters, not just the C/D borderline

GCSE English Literature is now just as important as GCSE English Language, with either counting as 'English' in the relevant measures

For most students, English will account for
three
of the slots (one double-weighted, one single)

Though a broader range of subjects will be measured, English (the three slots detailed above) and Maths (one double-weighted slot) will, for most students, account for 50% of the headline measure

Being a whole grade above a school's estimate will defer an Ofsted inspection (if due) for a year, while being half a grade below will put the school under the new floor standard

The DfE still need to sort out quite a few finer details:
How to measure students working at Entry Level
How to fit the new 9–1 grading scale into the system from 2017
Whether IGCSE-style Certificates will continue to count (implied to be unlikely)
This replaces 5+ GCSEs (or equivalent) at A*–C including English and Maths as the headline measure

It will measure the progress students make in eight subjects from KS2 to KS4

It will look at each student's results compared to how a student with the same KS2 results is estimated to perform

The estimates will be based on how students do nationally (using data from three years previously)

The score will be reported as a decimal – for example, +0.5 (an average of half a grade above estimate), +1.25 (a grade and a quarter above) or -0.75 (three-quarters of a grade below)

By averaging all students in a cohort, a whole school score will be produced
This measures a student's raw results across the same eight subjects

It will show, for example, that students in a school averaged a high Grade B or a low Grade D

It is similar to the current capped points score measurement
English & Maths
The proportion of students achieving 'good' grades in an English GCSE and GCSE Mathematics (presented as a percentage of the cohort)

GCSE English Language
or
GCSE English Literature will count as 'English' (as will GCSE English while it still exists in 2016)

Grades A*–C are currently considered 'good', but this will change when the new 9–1 grades are introduced in 2017

It is one of the few C/D borderline 'cliff edges' left in the new performance tables
The proportion of students achieving the English Baccalaureate (presented as a percentage of the cohort)

This will measure how many students achieve 'good' grades (currently A*–C) in:
An English GCSE (English Language
or
English Literature
or
, in 2016 only, English)
GCSE Mathematics
Two science GCSEs (Science and Additional Science or two of Biology, Chemistry, Physics and Computer Science)
A language GCSE
A humanity GCSE (History or Geography)

Both GCSE English Language
and
GCSE English Literature must be taken for either of them to count in the EBacc measure (GCSE English will count on its own in 2016, after which it will be scrapped)

Double Award Science (eligible to fill both science slots) will replace the current Science, Additional Science and Additional Applied Science GCSEs in 2018 – no single-GCSE combined science course will be available
Maths
GCSE Mathematics
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
English
GCSE English Language
EBacc
Open
It's really
10 slots!

(Only eight
subjects are measured, but two are double weighted)
Maths will be double- weighted
The next three slots are for the three best EBacc results
GCSE Science
GCSE French
GCSE History
There is no requirement to cover all the EBacc areas (sciences, languages and humanities), so French, History and Geography could count together or triple science could even take all three slots
The final three slots are for any subjects
GCSE English Literature
The lower English GCSE (Language or Literature) will count here

Non-EBacc GCSEs will count here

More EBacc subjects can also count

Approved vocational qualifications can count too
GCSE Geography
BTEC Diploma Performing Arts
What Are the Rules for Double Weighting English?
The better grade of GCSE English Language
or
GCSE English Literature will fill the 'English' slot and be double-weighted

The lower-scoring GCSE will count in the 'open' group of three subjects, providing it is one of the student's highest scores in this group (very likely)

The double weighting will only happen, however, if
both
GCSEs are taken

If only one is taken, then it will still fill the 'English' slot, but will only be single-weighted (and nothing can make up the missing slot)

This is excellent news for GCSE English Literature – it now has complete parity with GCSE English Language

In 2016, GCSE English (which should be taken on its own) will be double-weighted, but this GCSE will not exist from 2017
Example
A student is expected to get eight Grade Cs and does so
If the student has taken both English GCSEs, then the better-scoring GCSE is double-weighted, along with Maths, giving him/her 10 Grade Cs
If only one of the English GCSEs is taken, then it is not double-weighted, leaving him/her with nine Grade Cs
10 x Grade C
9 x Grade C
Not doing both English GCSEs would drag the student's points score down significantly

Therefore, while it is theoretically possible for a student to focus on just one of the English GCSEs, it is far more logical to focus on both equally – the student's better result will be double-weighted, while the other will still count single
EBacc
The eight subjects are not completely free choice, but must fit into a series of 'slots'
Updated to Reflect the January 2014 Announcement Regarding GCSE English Literature
Full transcript