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Copy of World War II
Transcript of Copy of World War II
Political and economic instability as a result of World War I
The rise of fascism, a political philosophy in which total power is given to a dictator and individual freedoms are denied.
Hideki Tojo in Japan
Benito Mussolini in Italy
Adolf Hitler in Germany
The Allied Powers (Great Britain, France, and the Soviet Union) needed U.S. support. Congress passed the Lend-Lease Act, which allowed President Roosevelt to lend or lease weapons, supplies, and equipment to any country whose defense was critical to U.S. security. Billions of dollars in supplies were lent to the Allied Powers.
The U.S. sent billions of dollars worth of supplies to the United Kingdom, France, the Soviet Union, and China.
The United States enters into World War II
December 7, 1941
Over 300 Japanese airplanes attacked the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii and sank or damaged 8 battleships, 13 other vessels, and 188 airplanes. Over 2,400 people lost their lives, and the United States lost over 150 ships.
War Brings Prosperity to Georgia: Bell Aircraft Plant
Bell Aircraft Plant in Marietta to produce B-29 Bombers, the most technologically advanced bomber of the war. Bell Aircraft produced 650 B-29 Bombers during the war.
Bell Aircraft employed over 30,000 Georgians, many of whom were women and African-Americans.
The Holocaust was a time of persecution and murder of 6 million Jews and other targeted groups in Nazi Germany.
Georgians are determined to remember the Holocaust:
GA Commission on the Holocaust- goal is to teach future generations about the Holocaust
Jewish groups provide programs to assist survivors. (Jewish Federation of Greater Atlanta)
Americans view the war as a European problem. They want to remain neutral even as Germany continued to be victorious and as Japan continued to take over many Asian countries.
However, the United States does continue to sell supplies to the Allied Powers. In fact, World War II is what brings an end to the Great Depression.
The United States in World War II
Many Americans were outraged by the attack on Pearl Harbor. President Roosevelt called December 7 "a day that will live in infamy". He asked Congress to declare war on Japan, which it did.
Several days later, Germany and Italy declared war on the United States, and American declared war on them in return. The United States fought a two front war: Japan in the Pacific Ocean and Germany and Italy in Europe.
War Brings Prosperity to Georgia: Savannah and Brunswick Shipyards
Liberty ships, which were used to transport supplies and soldiers to Europe were built in the shipyards at Savannah and Brunswick. Again, many women and African-Americans worked to help build these ships.
War Brings Prosperity to Georgia: Military Bases
During World War I, there were more military bases in Georgia than in any other state. During World War II, these bases grew and played important roles in training and supplies. These bases also housed many prisoners of war.
Important Georgians: Richard B. Russell and Carl Vinson
Richard B. Russell
Georgia governor and senator: He was the youngest senator and governor at the time that he was elected.
As a US Senator, he advocated for strong military and helped prepare the US for war.
He also helped to bring military bases, the Center for Disease Control, and other federal projects to the state.
"The most expensive thing in the world is a cheap army and navy." -Vinson
Longest term in the House of Representatives in US history.
He advocated for a strong navy, which became crucial to fighting during World War II.