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Jose R(Solar System)
Transcript of Jose R(Solar System)
The SUN is the star at the center of the Solar System
The Sun formed years ago from the gravitational collapse of a region within a large molecular cloud
It has a diameter of about 1,392,684 km
Mercury is the closest planet to the Sun
A year in Mercury is just 88 days long
Even though the planet is small, Mercury is very dense
Venus is the second planet from the Sun and is the second brightest object in the night sky after the Moon
It takes 243 Earth days to rotate once on its axis.
The average surface temperature is 462 °C, and because Venus does not tilt on its axis, there is no seasonal variation
The Moon is the Earth's only natural satellite
Earth is the third planet from the Sun and is the largest of the terrestrial planets
the Earth’s name comes from the Anglo-Saxon word erda which means ground or soil
The Earth was formed approximately 4.54 billion years ago and is the only known planet to support life
MARS is named after the Roman god
Even though Mars has only has 15% of the Earth’s volume and just over 10% of the Earth’s mass, around two thirds of the Earth’s surface is covered in water
Mars has two moons
The planet Jupiter is the fifth planet out from the Sun, and is two and a half times more massive than all the other planets in the solar system combined
It is made primarily of gases and is therefore known as a gas giant
From our point of view on Earth, it appears to move slowly in the sky, taking months to move from one constellation to another
Saturn is the most distant that can be seen with the naked eye.
It is best known for its fabulous ring system
It is named for the Roman god Saturnus, and was known to the Greeks as Cronus.
It’s not visible to the naked eye, and became the first planet discovered with the use of a telescope
Uranus is tipped over on its side with an axial tilt of 98 degrees
The planet rotates in a retrograde direction, opposite to the way Earth and most other planets turn
This gas giant planet may have formed much closer to the Sun
It is not visible to the naked eye and was first observed in 1846
Its equatorial clouds take 18 hours to make one rotation. This is because Neptune is not solid body.
For the 76 years between Pluto being discovered and the time it was reclassified as a dwarf planet it completed under a third of its orbit around the Sun.
Discovered in 1930, Pluto is the second closest dwarf planet to the Sun
was at one point classified as the ninth planet