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Transcript of The Enlightenment
- A political intellectual movement that stressed REASON,
thought, and power of the individual
What is PHILOSOPHY?
- The study of general & fundamental
problems based on REASON.
Salons- A room for social gatherings of intellectuals to discuss political ideas
Enlightened Despot- Absolute rulers who ruled justly and made
- Frederick the Great (Prussia)
- Joseph II of Austria
- Catherine the Great of Russia (she expanded Russian territory into Europe)
Reforms included: freedoms of press & religion, paying serfs $$, more rights to the accused
The Scientific Revolution
Early Scientific Thought:
Based on the teachings of the CHURCH
GEOCENTRIC THEORY- Earth is the center of the universe
Worldly views that
The Scientific Revolution was born in the
EXPLORATION- which spread ideas
People of the Scientific Revolution
The SUN was the center
of the universe
**Was proven by Johannes Kepler
Used the TELESCOPE
to prove the Heliocentric
Theory and more
Rene Descartes &
England and France
LAW OF UNIVERSAL
GRAVITY- Theory of
Motion to explain the
Results of the
1. New Inventions- Microscope, Thermometer, Vaccinations
2. The first dissection of the human body
3. More SECULAR ways of thinking, thus, less dependency on the church
Where do we see Enlightenment ideas
in the united states & Constitution?
The Declaration of Independence
JOHN LOCKE (Philosopher)
Natural Rights- "Life, Liberty,
THOMAS JEFFERSON (Wrote the Declaration)
- All people deserve the rights to Life, Liberty, and Pursuit of Happiness
The United states Government-
FEDERAL SYSTEM: Power is divided between the state and federal government
The Bill of Rights:
Amendment #1- Freedom of Speech, religion,
assembly, press, petition assembly
Amendment # 6 & 7: Rights to a fair and speedy
trial by an impartial jury
Amendment # 8: No cruel punishment or
The Enlightenment &
Define the Following: