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Copy of Holocaust
Transcript of Copy of Holocaust
About 10 million people died during the holocaust but about 350,000 survived and some are actually still living today and share their story to others.
Hitler and the Nazis had a hatred of Jews since they believed that the Jews were the reason they lost world war 1- (not true). Also, Hitler and the Nazis thought people should be divided into races, and to them Jews were not considered “human”- they were known “subhuman” After this the Jews became enemies, and Hitler blamed the Jews for problems in Germany. Hitler and the Nazis decided that the solution to this would be to ban the Jews from their society. After 1932, when Hitler and his party won the election, they had come to power.
Wait... why did Hitler and the Nazi's have so much hate towards the Jewish?
What is the Holocaust?
When did this event occur?
The holocaust was an event in history about the manslaughter of mainly the Jews (also Slaves, gypsies, homosexuals, etc.). Adolf Hitler and the Nazis had planned the holocaust in a very systematic way. Hitler believed that the Jews, gypsies, etc. were sub- human and had a huge hatred of them. Because of Hitler’s hatred, these various groups were beaten, murdered, evacuated out of their homes and kicked out of the country.
The holocaust happened when Hitler came to power in Germany which was in 1933.
Around one million children died during the holocaust. There were around eleven million people who died.
Emanuel (Manny) Mandel and William Lowenberg
We are going to be giving you an idea of Emanuel (Manny) Mandel's and William Lowenberg's life during the holocaust.
(then and now)
About Emanuel (Manny) Mandel
About William Lowenberg
Who were the Nazis?
Who was Hitler?
Adolf Hitler was the leader of the Nazi party in 1889-1945
William Lowenberg is a survivor of the Holocaust. He was born on August 14th 1926. William lived in a small town in Germany, named Ochtrup until the age of 9. Hitler wanted no piece of him since he was a Jew, which meant he had to go through many struggles and had to sacrifice his family, and possibly himself too. In 1942 he was arrested with his family. He snuck out to Holland but got taken away to a town named Auschwitz which had several camps. A year later there was an uprising in the ghetto of Warsaw where the other Jews had been taken. They end up in Warsaw where there was bombing, fighting, the buildings were destroyed etc. 300 of them including himself were sent to burn bodies and demolish any German materials (tin, iron, copper, etc.). The groups of them were in boxcars without food. Through this journey William Lowenberg was then liberated to the American Army in 1945. After this he went back to Holland, lived three years in Switzerland and then came to San Francisco. Due to the Holocaust William Lowenberg had lost all his loved ones; his mother, father, sister, brother, grandparents, aunts, uncles, etc. Because of Hitler’s hatred of Jews, about 6 million of them were killed. This is not only the story of one survivor; many, many others had also been through this.
The Nazis were the National Socialist German Workers’ Party – NSDAP. This party was ruled by the Leader named Adolf Hitler
Emanuel Mandel was born in a very religious Jewish family. Together, the family lived in the Port city of Riga, Latvia. A while after Manny was born, his father decided to accept a post as one of the four chief cantors in Budapest. Because of this, the entire family migrated back to Hungary where they lived before 1933. Between all of the conflicts and wars, Budapest was a very important Jewish center in all of Europe.
In the years of 1933-1939 there were many issues. Jewish children could barely play outside because their toy would get stealen since they are “Jewish”. This is the reason why Emanuel’s father didn’t let him have a bike. Since the anti-Jewish laws were passed in 1938, the Jewish people in Hungary were critically harassed. Emanuel’s father had to follow Manny to school because he was scared someone might hurt him by pushing him into traffic or anything just because he was Jewish. It was a terrible thing for children to have to go through at such a young age.
In the years of 1940-1944 the Germans came to Budapest. His mother told Manny that they were being deported. To Emanuel, it sounded like an adventure, but this was serious. Emanuel and his family were put with another group of Jews that the Germans would trade for trucks. They left by train and slept outside at night until they reached Bergen-Belsen camp. It was so muddy that Manny’s shoes fell apart which meant he couldn’t run, and guess what? The only type of “play” they had was running.
After 12 years of "a completely burned sacrifice." The war came to an end in 1944. After the war, Manny and his mother went to Switzerland for many months and later on they immigrated to Palestine in 1945 and 4 years after that, Emanuel moved to the US.
Now it's time to ask YOU guys for YOUR opinion about the Holocaust.
1. Is there ONE thing that you wish didn't happen in the Holocaust?
2. Do you think Hitler was right or wrong for blaming the Jews for issues that happened in Germany?
3. If you could tell Hitler something about what he did, what would you say? (if he wasn't dead right now, what would you say to him)
4. Do you think the Holocaust has an effect on us today?
Thanks for watching and we hope you learnt more about the Holocaust!
(sorry its blurry)
The picture shown above is a part of the Bergen Belsen Death Camp.
How did they know who was Jewish and who wasn't?
Once WWII had begun, the Nazi's ordered the Jews to wear a yellow Star of David on their clothing so that could indicate whether they are Jewish or not.
What happened if you were a Jewish Child?
1. Discrimination and Racism
After Hitler's act, Jewish were seen as subhuman. In 1938 Jewish kids were banned from Jewish schools but before that, the students were taught to discriminate againt the Jews. This would lead to bullying, discrimination, etc.
Because the German students were taught about racism and discriminating Jews, they would physically and verbally abuse the Jewish kids. Surprisingly, teachers did this too. In fact the teachers made Jewish students stand in front of the class and the teacher would point out their facial features and show that they are different. This would lead to humiliation and mockery.
Luckily, some Jewish children went to Jewish schools but this wasn't that good as it seemed either. The "Hitler Youth" would stand outside of the school and beat up the Jewish boys once they came out of class
What Hitler and the
Nazis used to trans-
port Jews to concent-
We are going to be showing you two short videos. The first one will sum up the Holocaust and the second one is about the children of the Holocaust
January 30th 1933
Hitler was elected Chancello of Germany
April 1st 1933
Germans were told not to buy anything for Jewish businesses or shops.
March 22nd 1933
First concentration camp had opened in Dachau in Germany.
May 17th 1934
Jewish were prohibited from having health insurance.
September 15th 1935
The "Nuremberg Laws were created. These laws were to take away Jewish rights; jews were banned from being German citizens and Jews can't marry non- jews.
March 13th 1938
Jews in Australia were persecuted.
Main events of the Holocaust
Chancello: The head of Government in some European countries; Germany.
October 5th 1938
All German and Australian Jewish passports were stamped with a large letter "J".
October 12th 1939
Austrian and Czech Jews deported to Poland.
November 9th 1938
Kristallnacht= it was an extreme night of violence. Windows of Jewish shops all over Germany and Austria were smashed, 20,000 German and Austrian jews were sent to camps and 100 Jews were murdered. Jews were fined and responible to pay one billion marks for damage.
European Jews persecuted. Many were sent to camps.
May 20th 1940
A new concentration camp opened; Auschwitz
Einsatzgruppen: This killing squad started murdering Jews in Russia. Around 33,000 Jews were killed in 2 days.
July 8th 1938
The Jewish synagogue in Munich was destroyed.
23rd November 1939
Jews in Poland were to wear a yellow star of David on their clothes.
15th November 1940
"Warsaw Ghetto was sealed off. Around 400,000 Jewish people inside."
December 8th 1941
First death camp; The first death camp was opened in Chelmno.
The Jews from all over Europe were sent to "Death Camps".
"Mass-gassing of Jews began at Auschwitz-Birkenau."
April 19th - May 16th 1943
Warsaw Ghetto Uprising: An order was issued, and a group of mainly young people used weapons, smuggled into the ghetto and fired on German troops.
Many Death camps were closed.
Hitler committed suicide.
27th January 1945
All remaining camps were closed and survivors were sent to Death Marches.
DEATH MARCHES: forced walk of prisoners on war.
April 30th 1945
May 7th 1945
Germany surrendered and the war in Europe was over.
Persecuted is just another way of saying that they were hated because of their race.
Synagogue: A synagogue is a place of worship and study
A place where someone is forced to live. Sometimes these areas could have harsh conditions.
Concentration Camps vs Death Camps
-Jews, gypsies, political dissident, homosexuals and other groups were held in the concentration camps
-living conditions were horrid and cruel for people there
-insufficient food and terrible conditions lead to death
-especially in work camps
-22 main camps that were all over Germany and Europe
-unlike concentration camps, there were only six death camps
-the only purpose was to exterminate the Jews
-3 million Jews were murdered in these camps