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The 1990's Family

A look into that helped shape the typical American family in the 1990's
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on 9 December 2013

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Transcript of The 1990's Family

What Shaped the American Family in the 1990's
Media
Popular sitcoms depicted a myraid of different American family structures throughtout the years
Single parent
Divorcee
Widower
Extended families
Friendships
Two parent
Same sex parent
African American
Toys of the 90's
The Roots of it All: An Introduction
Influential Sitcoms
Leave it to Beaver (19957-1963)
The Andy Grifith Show (1960-1968)
The Brady Bunch (1969-1974)
The Jeffersons (1975-1985)
Who's the Boss (1984-1992)
Ellen (1994-1998)
Psychology of the New Family
Statistics
Marriage
Family Structure
Divorce in the U.S.
Consequences of Divorce:
Income
Crime
Poverty
• Nuclear Family

• Intact Family

• Blended Families

• Single Parent Families

• Those who never married (cohabitate, with or without children)

The "New" Family
Marketing
making toys marketable toward children and parents
$13.4 billion estimated in toy sales for 1990
"children under eleven spend an estimated $5 billion annually on themsevles, and influence another $50 billion in family purchases" (Stem and Schoenhaus 1990, p. 38)
Social Problems
push children to develop outside of family circle
"today's children own, on average, more toys than children in earlier generations" (Best)
low cost toys and consumer society is justifying more toys
Different types of families:
Nuclear family
Intact Family
Single-Parent Family
Blended Families
Those who never married (cohabitate, with or without children)

Symptoms of Divorce
child’s difficulty with school
early sexuality
depression
delinquency
substance abuse
Increased crying
Sadness
Anger, aggression, hostility, and hate toward the parents
A fall in academic achievements
Fear- use of weapon, threat of suicide

Types and Impact of Custody Decisions
Sole Custody:
Advantages
Disadvantages
Joint Custody:
Advantages
Disadvantages

Joint Custody is best in most situations of divorce

Adjustment Problems with Children:
Boys:
externalizing symptoms
internalizing symptoms
Girls:
internalizing symptoms
Both Boys & Girls:
struggle with living with the parent of the opposite sex
different experiences by age
financial arguments
custody arrangements
visitation problems
loss of income: frequent moving from one place to another, inadequate schools, high crime, delinquency
Other Repercusions of Divorce
Effects of Divorce on Adults:
Stepfathers:
stepdaughters
stepsons

Single Mothers:
employment
different parenting
affects on children
Stepmothers:
custodial father causes difficulty in these households
Fathers: Single, Divorced, Non-Residential
involvement in life of children
enforce discipline and follow the rules set down by the custodial parent
Relationships within the Blended Family
introduction of the blended families
step-siblings
stepmothers
stepchildren
stepfathers
half-siblings
Suggestions for New Therapeutic Interventions:
losing the word "dysfunctional"
coping mechanisms
strategies
who should be involved
possible solutions in custody troubles

From a Child's Point of View
Marriage
Income
As the family structure breaks down, so does the income of the family unit.
first marriage:
have a higher income, usually a two income household
stepfamily:
when parents remarry they bring in a stable income
those who are cohabitating:
may not be sharing their income together
those who are divorced or separated:
make a lower income as they are learning to be more independent
single families (especially mothers)
: struggle to make ends meet without a second income of the spouse
Crime
Factors that increase crime: poverty, single-parent (single-mother) homes, lack of supervision, low socioeconomic status, high crime rates where they live, peer pressure for adolescents
Poverty
THe differences in incomes, whether it be multi-income households or single-parent homes or those who never marry, there is an increase in poverty as the family unit is broken down.
Divorce in the U.S.
Family Structure
Family Structure Cont.
Family Structure Cont.
Marriage Cont.
Barbie
Teenage Mutant Nija Turtles
Cabbage Patch
Furby
Changing Faces
American Dream Shifiting through time
1950s Conservatism
1960s-1970s Civil Rights
1980s-1990s+ Diversity
Women working to 1950s housewife
Marrigage
Nuclear families
1900s-1950
Women independency
The pill
Strengthen nuclear family
Premarital sex
War on Poverty
1960s
Conservative movement review of the past
President Carter
Role change
1970s
Rising divorce
Rise of the bastard child
No more nuclear family
1980s
Home Improvement
Two parent family
Three sons
stay at home mother
progress to career
Family Friend
Involved neighbhor
Full House
Large extneded family living in one household
Widower
Brother in Law
Wife
Twins
Best friend
Three daughters
Fresh Prince of Bel-Air
Two Parents
Wealthy African-American family
Two daughters and two sons
Will smith (Family Cousin)
Poor youth living in Philadelphia
Butler
Boy Meets World
Two parents
Two sons and a daughter
Involved neighbhor
Male best friend
broken family
adoptive father
Inter-racial couple
Impact of Sitcoms
Non-Nuclear family
Changing gender roles
Same sex parents
Disolution of some stereotypes
Gay/Lesbian acceptance
Matriarchal households
Discussion Question # 1
How would you describe the make-up of your family? Does it contain those who are not biologically related? Does it contain friends?
Discussion Question
Would the toys you had as a child affect what you buy your children in the future?
Discussion Question
Do you feel the 1950s families and the 90s families were simliar?
DiscussionQueston
Did sitcoms in the 1990's create an accurate depiction of differnt kinds of families?
Discussion Questions
Where do you think the
idea of family is headed
in the future?
Full transcript