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Travel & Tourism

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Maggie LeGrand

on 6 November 2013

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Transcript of Travel & Tourism

Travel & Tourism
Sport Tourism
Cruises and Tours
Outdoor/ Adventure Sports
Fantasy Camps
Health Related
Ecotourism & Sustainable Tourism
Hedonistic
Gambling
Drugs
The Internet and Tourism
Tourism has become the worlds
largest industry
Defined as: the activities of persons traveling to and staying in places outside their usual environments, for leisure, business, or other purposes.
International Tourism: Visitors from one country go to visit another country.
Domestic Tourism: When travelers stay within their own country
Local Commercial
Recreation
Services within
the community
Theaters
Festivals
Water Parks
Golf Courses
Shopping
Travel
The movement of
people from one
location to another
Plane
Ship
Railroad
Bicycle
Train
Car
Hospitality
System of food and drink accommodations
Hotels
Resorts
RV Parks
Bars
Restaurants
The World Travel and Tourism
Council projects that by
2019, 1 in every 11.8
jobs will be travel- and
tourism- related
The tourism industry is one of the world's largest businesses.
9.4% of US gross domestic product, $5.474 Billion, is generated by travel & tourism.
Rank
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Country
Canada
Mexico
Great Britain
Japan
Germany
France
Italy
Brazil
South Korea
Australia
2008 Arrivals
18.9 Million
13.7 Million
4.6 Million
3.2 Million
1.8 Million
1.2 Million
779,000
769,000
759,000
690,000
2008 Spending
$18.7 Billion
$9.7 Billion
$16.7 Billion
$14.6 Billion
$6.7 Billion
$4.8 Billion
$3.7 Billion
$4.2 Billion
Not Available
$3.7 Billion
Tourism Themes
Cruises
Religion Based
Cultural & Historical
Sport
Health Related
Hostels
Ecotourism & Sustainable
Culinary
Cruises
Cruises have evolved into floating amusement parks, health spas, classrooms, and night clubs.
Huge new vessels, developed by cruise companies, are catering to younger and less- affluent people by offering relatively inexpensive short-term trips.
80 different cruise ship lines offer several varieties of vacation options, from small sail- propelled schooners to giant, luxurious ocean liners
Experiences range from luxurious, pampered, relatively inactive trips to excursions and activities that are demanding or that provide unusual leisure experiences.
In 2010 the cruise industry estimated 18.4 million passengers, with $7.4 billion economic impact.
Some cruises offer specialized themes including "clothing- optional" trips, sobriety cruises, wine lovers, and poker.
Religion Based Tourism
Religion- oriented travel is one of the industry's fastest-growing segments and encompasses many aspects of religion.
There are three main aspects of religious or, spiritual tourism, pilgrimages, missionary travel, and visiting locations and attractions of religious significance.
Pilgrimages are when individuals take long journeys to experience a location of religious significance.
Mecca in Saudi Arabia is the most sacred place for the Islamic Religion, it is the place where all Muslims point themselves during their daily prayers, and they are encouraged to make a pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in their life.
Missionary travel is where people travel to other locations as part of a religious group or church affiliation.
On missionary trips people help the local community with education, recreation, construction of needed facilities, health care, and economic development.
Religious tourism has a focus on visiting attractions and locations that have religious significance.
Locations include the Basilica de Guadalupe in Mexico, the Vatican in Italy, or the Reclining Buddha in Thailand. These are popular to those within the religion but also those outside of the religion as well.
Cultural and Historical Interests
Cultural tourism is based on the mosaic of places, traditions, art forms, celebrations, and experiences that portray a nation and its people, reflecting the diversity and character of the place.
The Travel Industry Association found 118.1 million people, representing 56% of all US adult travelers included a cultural, arts, heritage, or historic activity while on a one-way trip of 50 miles or more.
The purpose of cultural and historical tourism is to experience people and history in other places and countries because it helps us better understand and appreciate what currently exists and how that emerged.
Cultural tourism may include exposure to such regional or ethnically different locations such as the Amish countryside in Pennsylvania, smaller communities throughout French Canada where the culture is determinedly Gallic, or visits to Native American reservations.
Examples of cultural and historical tourism include festivals, holiday events, famous battles of the past, scenes of the Civil War, or other historic events, rodeos, and lumberjack contests.
Sport tourism has become a major force in the tourism marketplace beginning in the mid-1980s.
Sporting Events
Major sporting events draw large numbers of tourists and have significant impacts on the local, regional, and national economies.
Attendance Figures for Major Sporting Events
Major League Baseball
National Football League
National Basketball Association
Beijing Olympics
League
Games
Attendance
Year
NCAA Bowl Games
Indianapolis 500
2420
254
1222
302
32
1
73,418,528
17,146,404
21,389,899
6.8 million
1,733,490
Approx. 400,000
2009
2009
2009
2008
2007-2008
Annually
Resorts
Resorts use sport as a means to attract tourists.
The Tourism Authority of Thailand uses resorts and their crystal-clear oceans to attract scuba divers, the country also has more than 100 world-class golf courses with very reasonable greens fees.
Resorts also cater to winter sports such as skiing and snowboarding
Sport cruises add a different dimension and have themes, such as baseball greats, fans of specific teams, running, cycling, and golf.
Sports Travel and Tours set up sports-oriented tours for individuals and groups.
They offer Pro Football Hall of Fame Enshrinement Festival tours, baseball road trips with stops at multiple baseball parks in a region, and Kentucky Derby Tours.
Even through the decline in the economy, the sale of outdoor equipment has increased slightly.
Traditional outdoor vacations feature hiking, climbing, and fishing.
People who are more adventurous can experience dog sledding, fly-in hiking, glacier tours, and heli-skiing, among other sports.
Sports fantasy camps allow participants to train alongside current and previous professional sports players and often on the same fields and courts.
These camps target diehard fans who want to be immersed in their favorite teams and play alongside players they have watched for years.
Baseball- Camps are usually during spring training, participants wear the team jersey,get instruction from former players, and hear their name announced by legendary announcers.
For $17,500 Michael Jordan fans get 3 1/2 days of basketball with Jordan and PAC 10 officials and work with hall of fame coaches such as Larry Brown and Chuck Daly.
Wayne Gretzky, Cal Ripkin Jr., Richard Petty, and Chris Evert offer their own fantasy camps as well.
Individuals health needs represent a primary motivation for travel.
These destinations offer stays at modern health and fitness centers, which offer varied forms of exercise, nutritional care, massage, yoga, and other holistic approaches to health care.
Recently medical tourism has become more popular in the US, because of rising healthcare and insurance costs. Citizens from the US and Great Britain are seeking cheaper medical and surgical care in developing countries
Ecotourism is deeply concerned with the preservation and protection of the natural environment, and is defined as: responsible travel to natural areas that conserves the environment and improves the well-being of local people.
Principles of Ecotourism
Minimize impact
Build environmental and cultural awareness and respect
Provide positive experiences for both visitors and hosts
Provide direct financial benefits for conservation
Provide financial benefits and empowerment for local people
Raise sensitivity to host countries' political, environmental, and social climate
Sustainable tourism, also called geotourism, advocates tourism activities that are compatible with the ecological processes, sociocultural characteristics, and economic structure of the destination and that enhance the geographical character of a place.
Volunteer tourism is gaining global popularity. "Volun-Tourists" provide cultural immersion along with opportunities for self-fulfillment through volunteer work.
Hosteling
Hostels are low-cost accommodations where people rent a bed in a dormitory style facility. Guests share bathroom facilities and often have a common area for social interaction.
Prices for hostels vary depending on the location and amenities
It is not unusual for people staying at hostels to get to know each other and go off for adventures together.
Culinary Tourism
Culinary tourism is defined as the pursuit of unique and memorable culinary experiences of all kinds, often while traveling, but one can be a culinary tourist at home.
Culinary tourism can include attending cooking schools, visiting cooking supply stores, culinary tours, attending food festivals, visiting farmers markets, and going to wineries and distilleries.
Some examples include
Napa Valley Gourmet Traveler Tour (Napa, CA)
Tuscany Food and Wine Workshops (Tuscany, Italy)
Chiang Mai Thai Cooking School (Thailand)
Hedonistic tourism is also know as pleasure seeking tourism, includes gambling, drugs, and sex tourism
Millions of people travel each year to major casinos throughout the world or enjoy gaming as a convenient amenity on ocean cruises or major airline flights
Thousands of young people each year roam through the Far East, including unscheduled trips through Thailand, Cambodia, and Nepal, partly to experience the exotic environments, but also to take part in the drug culture that is readily available and inexpensive in these regions. Often times these tourists end up substance- addicted or even disappear and are never seen from again.
Sex Tourism
Sex tourism thrives in countries such as the Ukraine where the women are poor and unprotected by the government and law enforcement. Many of theses countries see women as less than men. Because these women have no source of income, the sex industry provides them independence. It is estimated that there are 25,000-50,000 sex tourists in Costa Rica each year , and 80% of those are US citizens.
Long time travel buyers may still look to brochures and travel agencies to provide information and arrange reservations, but now many travelers buy travel services via the web
Some advantages of using the internet are:
It allows consumers to compare costs on such items as hotels, attractions, and transportation.
A wealth of information is available 24 hours a day.
The information available is often up-to-date.
Internet specials and discounts can be found that are not available if the customer calls the airline or hotel.
Interaction with other travelers is possible, Questions are answered, and Web sites such as tripadvisor.com rate accommodations and give advice on places to go and where to stay.
There is a visual presence on destinations and accommodations.
Event listings are available for the destination.
Discussion Questions
Which tourism theme have you learned the most about?
Which tourism theme, that is new to you, that you would like to experience and why?
Why is hedonistic tourism still considered tourism?
How has the internet impacted travel and tourism?
OUT OF 21 STUDENTS
19 HAVE BEEN OUTSIDE THE US
7 HAVE BEEN TO EUROPE
1 HAS BEEN TO SOUTH AMERICA
1 HAS BEEN TO ASIA
1 HAS BEEN TO AUSTRALIA
6 HAVE BEEN TO MEXICO
6 HAVE BEEN TO CANADA
NO ONE HAS BEEN TO AFRICA....YET
5 HAVE BEEN TO PUERTO RICO
3 HAVE BEEN TO AUSTRIA
3 HAVE BEEN TO THE BAHAMAS
3 HAVE BEEN TO ENGLAND
3 HAVE BEEN TO FRANCE
3 HAVE BEEN TO GERMANY
3 HAVE BEEN TO ST. THOMAS
3 HAVE BEEN TO ST. MAARTEN
9 HAVE BEEN TO ORLANDO
9 HAVE BEEN TO BOSTON
8 HAVE BEEN TO RHODE ISLAND
8 HAVE BEEN TO VERMONT
8 HAVE BEEN TO MAINE
8 HAVE BEEN TO NEW HAMPSHIRE
7 HAVE BEEN TO NEW JERSEY
7 HAVE BEEN TO NEW YORK CITY
6 HAVE BEEN TO NORTH CAROLINA
5 HAVE BEEN TO SOUTH CAROLINA
4 HAVE BEEN TO PHILADELPHIA
4 HAVE BEEN TO MIAMI
4 HAVE BEEN TO MARYLAND
3 HAVE BEEN TO CHICAGO
3 HAVE BEEN TO SPRINGFIELD
OTHER PLACES TRAVELED
INCLUDE
ALABAMA, ARKANSAS, ARIZONA, CALIFORNIA,
COLORADO,
WASHINGTON DC, DELAWARE, GEORGIA, INDIANA,
KENTUCKY, LAS VEGAS, LOUISIANA, NEW MEXICO, OHIO, OKLAHOMA, TEXAS, TENNESSEE, UTAH, VIRGINIA, THE CZECH REPUBLIC, DENMARK, HOLLAND, IRELAND, ITALY, NEW ZELAND, NORWAY, PERU, SLOVENIA, SPAIN, SWEDEN, SWITZERLAND, TURKEY, AND TURKS & CAICOS
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