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Copy of Archetypal in The Great Gatsby

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Jacqueline Marchant

on 21 March 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Archetypal in The Great Gatsby

Archetypal Images Archetypal Situations The Quest

Renewal of Life


The Fall

Redemptive Sacrifice Some Essential Questions How do any of the characters change over time? What events or people make them change?
Gatsby changes drastically throughout the novel. The first impression of Gatsby is that he is very secretive and suspicious. Nick doesn't even realize he is talking to the "Great Gatsby" when he first meets him. His story unfolds, and the reader learns that he is very innocent and simply in love. Tom also throws all that he knows about Gatsby "on the table" when Daisy tells Tom she never loved him. Gatsby is a dynamic character.
Daisy's character progresses as well. When the reader first meets her, they believe she is pure and innocent. By the end, the reader tends not to like Daisy, due to her attitude and the fact that she murdered Myrtle and did not take the blame for it. Daisy's voice additionally changes through the story. Daisy's voice is said to be a "voice made for money"- very sweet and pretty. By the end Nick mentions that she has a husky voice, due to all the confusion, when she is really showing her true colors. Archetypal Lens-
The definition of archetypal is "being as an original model" or "constantly recurring as a symbol or a motif in literature." What exactly was Fitzgerald trying to get across? Thesis! Evidence! An archetypal approach to literature assumes that there is a collection of symbols, images, characters, and motifs (i.e. archetypes) that evokes the same response in all people.
In simpler words, an archetypal critique focuses on certain images in the literature that have a universal effect on all readers. Fitzegerald could have been implying many themes through his story 'The Great Gatsby.'
Money can't buy everything. (green)
Someone is always watching. (eyes)
The decline of the American Dream
The carelessness of the Rich
You can't repeat the past. -Nick refers to Daisy and Tom using the phrase "'they smashed up things and creatures and then retreated back into their money or their vast carelessness or whatever it was that kept them together, and let other people clean up the mess they had made" Each of the primary characters has colors surrounding them which also indicate their characters. Tom is associated with the color red, because he is said to be a "hulking" brute! Daisy is always associated with white from the time when we first meet her on the couch with the billowing white curtains near her and the white dress she's wearing. White is her color not because she is pure and perfect (which is obvious throughout the novel) but because Gatsby sees her as perfect. Furthermore, there is a green light at the end of Tom and Daisy's dock- symbolizing the wealthiness of their family. Myrtle's color is an ugly brown-orange, as you will see by her clothing. It is a rather garish color for a rather garish and inappropriate woman. George is the color of the place he lives, Valley of Ashes--gray. At one point Fitzgerald says he blends into the walls of his gray, dusty shop--a perfect color for a non-descript non-entity. Finally, Gatsby himself is associated with yellow and gold--the color of money, of course. He is gilded with the trappings of money, but underneath the shine is a rather shy and rustic boy from Minnesota. Fitzgerald's use of color as a symbol is clear and effective. By using Symbols and Colors, Fitzegerald got across the central meanings in a universal, indirect way. Colors Red The symbols used like the sun and the moon, yin-and-yang, and water are universal ideas that get across the moods of the scenes and the feelings of the characters to anyone who reads the book. Red More! The characters situations are also classic connections to the monomyth, like the quest and the refusal to leave. Tom
Myrtle, Gatsby, &Wilson's death Gold Gatsby's Mansion
Tom's Car Even more! Green Light on the Dock White Daisy Blue Doctor T.J. Eckleburg Water The bay that stands between Gatsby and Daisy for many years

The pool that in the end Gatsby meets his death in Gardens Gatsby's extravagant gardens among his parties

Gatsby is very worried about Nick's lawn when Daisy is coming The quest is seen as the hero's endeavor to establish his identity. Jay embarks on his "quest" after falling in love with Daisy. He is determined to have her by establishing great wealth. Gatsby's immersion as a wealthy man may be considered the novel's "renewal of life". Once he has met Daisy and shown his new found wealth and power he finally attains her love again. However, this is very short lived. The extraordinary love that Gatsby first experiences when meeting Daisy may be seen as the initiation. From that point forward Gatsby's life is geared toward being with her. The death of Myrtle Wilson is Jay Gatsby's great "fall". After Myrtle's death Gatsby's paradisaical life is tainted. All that Gatsby has worked hard to gain has begun to unravel and his innocence is lost. Gatsby's is in fact the redemptive sacrifice. His death allows Daisy to return to her normal and desired life style. Archetypal Criticism
The Great Gatsby Archetypal Characters The Hero: Jay Gatsby is the hero in the novel. Before he is even introduced in the novel Gatsby is accompanied by a certain persona that radiates riches, fame, popularity, and that he is larger than life. Like any hero, Gatsby's quest for fulfillment also ends in his demise. The Scapegoat: Jay Gatsby is also the scapegoat in the novel. When Wilson shoots Gatsby he believes that it was Gatsby driving the yellow car when Myrtle was killed. However, Gatsby's innocence and Daisy being the one to blame for Myrtle's death makes Gatsby the perfect scapegoat. Loner/Outcast: Nick Carraway represents the outcast and loner of all the characters in The Great Gatsby. From the beginning of the novel this is evident as Nick usually refrains from drinking and describes himself as being a good listener who is open minded. Nick is an outcast because his character has an understanding of others and patience that the other characters lack because of their absorption into their fast paced lives. The Temptress: Of every character in the novel Daisy Buchanan fits the role of the Temptress perfectly. Although at first the reader may come to believe that she actually loves Gatsby, by the end of the novel they realize that she is an emotionally detached person caring mostly for material wealth. This belief is proved by when Gatsby and Tom start arguing and Daisy is pulled back to Tom merely because he has shown superiority over Gatsby. The reader can only assume Gatsby's love in addition as no real merit to her then or when she caused Gatsby's wrongful death. Screenrant.com yandp.tv bobbyeric.blogspot.com Thegreatgatsbysandm.blogspot.com google.com/images enewsi.com collider.com gatsbypages.wikispaces.com literarism.blogspot.com shelf-life.ew.com friends4rpl.wordpress.com Shapes Triangle between Daisy, Tom, & Gatsby Owl Eyes & Doctor's Glasses, Circle Celestial Bodies Sun consists of Daisy for Gatsby Moon represents all that changes throughout the novel Yin & Yang Tom & Daisy Daisy & Gatsby Jordan & Nick Tom & Myrtle Myrtle & Wilson What features of the story are reminiscent of other stories you know?
In the stories of Rebecca and Great Expectations, prominent characters are trying to relive the past. In Rebecca, the entire story is a story about a past woman- Rebecca. In Great Expectations, there is a woman who gives Pip lots of money, but she is stuck in time literally. Specifically, the scene where Gatsby knocks over a clock that is old and stuck in place is a reminder of the scene in Great Expectations where it is learned that this woman keeps all the clocks in her house set at the time in which she was struck devastated.
Another book that is reminiscent of The Great Gatsby is The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. That story highlights the differences between classes of people. People who have more money tend to have different personalities.
- Pap=uncivilized
- Miss Watson (more money)= very civilized
-West Egg= Nouve Riche
- East Egg= Old Money Thank you!
By Hope Murray,
David Fetzko,
Elizabeth Franko,
Carly Heck,
and Kelsey Van Horn The End
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