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Copy of The Developing Child
Transcript of Copy of The Developing Child
--Observing and Interacting with Children-- Why is it oberservation important in the of study Child Development? Subjective Observation Objective Observation Relies on personal opinions and feelings rather than facts to judge the event. The Developing Child
When familiar with the stages of development then you can encourage children as they progress.
Observing children provides caregivers with useful feedback, from getting to know the children and their personality, that will help to identify disabilities, and tailor activities to meet the child's needs.- Is factual, and leaves aside the feelings and prejudices. Descriptions are only what was actuallly seen or heard . 4 Certain types of Observation records A. Running Record Writing down everything observed for a set period. example: 15min.
Useful for: Observers who just started to know a group of children. B. Anecdotal Record A list of skills children should master, or behaviors they should exhibit at a certain age
Where Observers simply check off the skills or behaviors they see.
Make sure to write down:
Date and time.
Number of children and adults present and their names and ages.
For young children include months.
Setting, and where observation occured. D. Developmental Checklist Similar to a running record but there is no set time.
Observer can concentrate on a specific area of development over a period of 2 weeks, 1 week.
Example: Adjustment to a care center. C. Frequency Count A tally of how often a certain behavior occurs.
Useful: When trying to change an uwanted behavior.
Find a baseline--a count made before any steps were taken to change the behavior. Formal observation An actual set up observation with child care center or family Informal Observation One where you don't make yourself so obvious.
Estimate ages. Quick Judgements. Only glimpses.
Example: Observing at the mall. Six Guidelines For Taking Notes During an Observation:
F. Review and Clarify
--Read through comments at the end when still fresh.
--Make clarifications/corrections, and add additional notes. It's important to analyze your information to make sense of what you've written down, or a continuation of what you saw.
Interpretation is a time to form and express ideas about what you saw and recorded. When maintaining confidentiality the observer must keep the child's observation private so not to be unethical.
Also, your observations may not be accurate, as that to a doctor's, so refrain from telling friends so not to lead to gossip and possibly hurt the child or family. The End By Autumn Eads A. Know your purpose
--Ask yourself, "What am I supposed to observe? B. Identify when, where, who, and what
--Take notes on physical features of the setting.
-Who is there?
-What activities are going on?
--Make a record of the time and place of observation.
BE SPECIFIC. C. Be Descriptive
--Think of it as giving a picture of what you see. D. Make Comparisons
--Similarties and differences.
--Evaluate what each group is doing.
--How does each child compare with another child of same age? E. Uncover the data
--Record as much factual info as possible.
--Focus on evidence at hand.
--Evidence of child learning taking place. Why is interpretation important after you have completed an observation? Why is confidentiality important in observing children?