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The US in the 1800's
Transcript of The US in the 1800's
There were social and ethnic issues that caused many to immigrate to America. For instance there was no social mobility or self determination that allowed one to move up or improve one's position in society. Other had issues relating to the ethnicity of a person and in some countries such as Russia, the Czar would periodically initiate Pogroms which were killing sprees of ethinic groups that wer dicriminatd against.
Factors influencing the influx of immigration to America included: jobs, food, land, democracy, freedom, and equality. In 1869, the US had a transcontinental railroad connecting East coast to West. This transformation stitched the nation together.
The railroad generated a huge market and boost for the economy; they were used to transport many goods and raw materials.
Jobs were created to build the railroads and maintain them. Many immigrants, who were hard workers looking for money, took this opportunity.
Rapid industrialization, immigration, and urbanization led to national growth and prosperity.
This same growth also led to poverty, unemployment, horrible working conditions and political corruption.
In response, a movement called progressivism emerged in the 1890’s.
Progressives believed that new ideas and honest government could bring about change.
Progressives called Muckrakers wrote to expose truths and explain their ideas on how to reform society. Two main authors include Upton Sinclair and Jacob Riis.
Industrialism helped raise America's economy on a world scale. The railroads increased the amount of product transferred throughout the country while other goods were being exported throughout the world.
In the 1890's, the main factories producing supplies for the railroad switched from iron to steel. Industrialists such as Andrew Carnegie took this opportunity to advance in society and become the richest man in the world.
Carnegie was known as the "King of Steel" and seized the opputrtunity to gain control of all of the elements of reproduction by any means necessary. This includes raising the hours of his workers, lowering the wages, and cutting costs by buying out the other companies.
Immigration Railroad Workers People of all ages were allowed to work to achieve the American dream in the 1890's. Children, women and men had equal opportunities to find a job.
At the time, there were no laws restricting the age limit of a person. Working conditions were hazardous and could be fatal in some cases. Industrial workers had long hours, dangerous machinery, hazardous fumes, and poor ventilation.
The hazardous conditions were fatal for some such as the women in the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory. In 1911, the building caught fire and over 146 were killed. Events such as this led to reform the improvements of the work place.
Progressives The role of the U.S. government was to be laissez faire, or barely any influence in society.
The people wanted a small government that didn't inhibit the social hierarchy.
Progressives believed that government needed to expand and become more powerful in order to stop the corruption from industrialization. They believed government should be accountable for its citizens, curb the power and influence of wealthy interests, become more active in improving the lives of its citizens, and become more efficient and less corrupt.
Role of Government