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Touchstone 3 Unit 11
Transcript of Touchstone 3 Unit 11
Professor Joe Carrier
Using modal verbs for speculation
When we make guesses about people, things, and events we use the modal verbs
must, may, might, can't, and could
With simple verbs:
With continuous verbs:
must be dieting
must be studying
might not be
must not have
Must = 99%
Can't = 99%
Could = 50%
May = 50%
Might = 25%
All of the words indicate different levels of certainty:
Some adjectives in English are formed from verbs by adding the endings "-ed" or "-ing."
Adjectives that end in "-ed" are often used to describe feelings:
Adjectives ending in "-ing" are often used to describe things or people:
This class is
Talk about your friends and family members using the modal verbs and adjectives from this unit.
Talk about how what the might be doing now.
Talk about how they might be feeling right now and why?
Talk about what they might be doing tonight.
Talk about what you might do together with them the next time you meet.
Some of the other common adjectives with this form are:
Imagine you are sitting in a cafe or on the subway, or walking in a crowded shopping area. When you are there do you ever guess what the strangers around you are doing? Where are they going? What are they thinking about? This is called "people watching"!
Watch the following video and discuss with your partner? Who are the people you see? What are they doing? Where are they going?
When you make a guess about something this is called "speculation." English has several verb particles that are used to speculate about things that we observe.
MUST MAY MIGHT CAN'T COULD
Activity A: Possible Answers
1. She must be feeling cold.
2. She could/might/may be training for a marathon.
3. She must be taking a break.
4. She must be exercising. She can't/must not be doing anything else.
5. She must be crazy to run in the snow.
6. She may/might/could be trying to get in shape.
1. She may/might/could be lost.
2. Her parents must be looking for her.
3. She may/might/could be in trouble.
4. She must be scared. She can't be on her own.
5. Her mother may/might/could be standing nearby.
6. She may/might/could be throwing a tantrum.
Look at these pictures and speculate about what is happening...
PRACTICE WITH MODAL VERBS
1. Talk with your partner about some things you "might" do during the winter vacation. Ex: "I might go to Boracay with a friend this winter."
2. Give your partner some suggestions about how to solve a personal problem using "could" to make suggestions about possible sulutions. Ex. "You want to lose weight? You could stop eating ice cream every single day!"
3. Use "must" to talk about goals that are very important for your future. Ex: "I really must find more time to practice piano if I am going to be a successful musician some day!"
Adjectives ending in "-ed" and "-ing"
Study for your final exams:
Oral Exam: Continue to practice with your groups. I would even try to practice more than one hour in the next two weeks.
Remember: we are focussing on speaking speed and questioning skills.
Written Exam: We will be doing a practice written exam next week. Review and study all unit grammars to prepare for the practice exam.