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Touchstone 3 Unit 11
Transcript of Touchstone 3 Unit 11
Professor Joe Carrier
Using modal verbs for speculation.
When we make guesses about people, things, and events we use the modal verbs
must, may, might, can't, and could
With simple verbs:
With continuous verbs:
must be dieting
must be studying
might not be
must not have
Must = 99%
Can't = 99%
Could = 50%
May = 50%
Might = 25%
All of the words indicate different levels of certainty:
Adjectives ending in "-ed" and "-ing"
Some adjectives in English are formed from verbs by adding the endings "-ed" or "-ing."
Adjectives that end in "-ed" are often used to describe feelings:
Adjectives ending in "-ing" are often used to describe things or people:
This class is
Practice Exercise #2
Watch the TV show and describe the people that you see using the modal verbs and adjectives from this unit.
Some of the other common adjectives with this form are:
Imagine you are sitting in a cafe or on the subway, or walking in a crowded shopping area. When you are there do you ever guess what the strangers around you are doing? Where are they going? What are they thinking about? This is called "people watching"!
Watch the following video and discuss with your partner? Who are the people you see? What are they doing? Where are they going?
When you make a guess about something this is called "speculation." English has several verb particles that are used to speculate about things that we observe.
MUST MAY MIGHT CAN'T COULD
Activity A: Possible Answers
1. She must be feeling cold.
2. She could/might/may be training for a marathon.
3. She must be taking a break.
4. She must be exercising. She can't/must not be doing anything else.
5. She must be crazy to run in the snow.
6. She may/might/could be trying to get in shape.
1. She may/might/could be lost.
2. Her parents must be looking for her.
3. She may/might/could be in trouble.
4. She must be scared. She can't be on her own.
5. Her mother may/might/could be standing nearby.
6. She may/might/could be throwing a tantrum.
Look at these pictures and speculate about what is happening...