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Touchstone 3 Unit 11

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joseph carrier

on 30 November 2017

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Transcript of Touchstone 3 Unit 11

Touchstone 3 Unit 11
"Impressions"

Professor Joe Carrier
DongA University

Using modal verbs for speculation
When we make guesses about people, things, and events we use the modal verbs
must, may, might, can't, and could
.
With simple verbs:

She
must work
very hard.
She
might be
a genius.
With continuous verbs:

She
must be dieting
.
They
must be studying
every day.
Negative Statements:

She
might not be
a student.
They
must not have
any money.
Must = 99%
Can't = 99%
Could = 50%
May = 50%
Might = 25%
All of the words indicate different levels of certainty:
Lesson B
Some adjectives in English are formed from verbs by adding the endings "-ed" or "-ing."
bore
bor
ed

bor
ing
Adjectives that end in "-ed" are often used to describe feelings:

I am
bored
.
She looks
bored
.
Adjectives ending in "-ing" are often used to describe things or people:

This class is
boring
.
He is
boring
.
Talk about your friends and family members using the modal verbs and adjectives from this unit.
Talk about how what the might be doing now.
Talk about how they might be feeling right now and why?
Talk about what they might be doing tonight.
Talk about what you might do together with them the next time you meet.
Some of the other common adjectives with this form are:
interesting
amazing
exciting
scary
interested
amazed
excited
scared
WARM UP
LESSON A
"Speculating"
Imagine you are sitting in a cafe or on the subway, or walking in a crowded shopping area. When you are there do you ever guess what the strangers around you are doing? Where are they going? What are they thinking about? This is called "people watching"!

Watch the following video and discuss with your partner? Who are the people you see? What are they doing? Where are they going?

When you make a guess about something this is called "speculation." English has several verb particles that are used to speculate about things that we observe.
MUST MAY MIGHT CAN'T COULD
GRAMMAR TIME
Activity A: Possible Answers
Picture One
1. She must be feeling cold.
2. She could/might/may be training for a marathon.
3. She must be taking a break.
4. She must be exercising. She can't/must not be doing anything else.
5. She must be crazy to run in the snow.
6. She may/might/could be trying to get in shape.
Picture Two
1. She may/might/could be lost.
2. Her parents must be looking for her.
3. She may/might/could be in trouble.
4. She must be scared. She can't be on her own.
5. Her mother may/might/could be standing nearby.
6. She may/might/could be throwing a tantrum.
Practice:
Look at these pictures and speculate about what is happening...
PRACTICE WITH MODAL VERBS
1. Talk with your partner about some things you "might" do during the winter vacation. Ex: "I might go to Boracay with a friend this winter."
2. Give your partner some suggestions about how to solve a personal problem using "could" to make suggestions about possible sulutions. Ex. "You want to lose weight? You could stop eating ice cream every single day!"
3. Use "must" to talk about goals that are very important for your future. Ex: "I really must find more time to practice piano if I am going to be a successful musician some day!"
GRAMMAR TIME
Adjectives ending in "-ed" and "-ing"
GROUP ACTIVITY
HOMEWORK
Study for your final exams:
Oral Exam: Continue to practice with your groups. I would even try to practice more than one hour in the next two weeks.
Remember: we are focussing on speaking speed and questioning skills.
Written Exam: We will be doing a practice written exam next week. Review and study all unit grammars to prepare for the practice exam.
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